How to format your references using the Journal of Hematology & Oncology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Hematology & Oncology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Crepp JR. Astronomy. Improving planet-finding spectrometers. Science. 2014;346:809–10.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Nicholls RJ, Cazenave A. Sea-level rise and its impact on coastal zones. Science. 2010;328:1517–20.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Berné O, Marcelino N, Cernicharo J. Waves on the surface of the Orion molecular cloud. Nature. 2010;466:947–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Manyala N, Sidis Y, DiTusa JF, Aeppli G, Young DP, Fisk Z. Magnetoresistance from quantum interference effects in ferromagnets. Nature. 2000;404:581–4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Villarroel A. Practical Clinical Epidemiology for the Veterinarian. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2015.
An edited book
1. Jungck P. packetC Programming. Duncan R, Mulcahy D, editors. Berkeley, CA: Apress; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Kothare MV, Wan Z. A Computationally Efficient Scheduled Model Predictive Control Algorithm for Control of a Class of Constrained Nonlinear Systems. In: Findeisen R, Allgöwer F, Biegler LT, editors. Assessment and Future Directions of Nonlinear Model Predictive Control. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2007. p. 49–62.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Hematology & Oncology.

Blog post
1. Hale T. 10,000 Endangered “Scrotum Frogs” Have Died Near Lake Titicaca [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Joint Strike Fighter: Significant Challenges and Decisions Ahead. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2010 Mar. Report No.: GAO-10-478T.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Adrian DE. School scheduling models and the achievement of at-risk students: A causal-comparative study [Doctoral dissertation]. [Phoenix, AZ]: University of Phoenix; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Walsh MW. A Hurdle to Transparency. New York Times. 2015 Nov 5;B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Hematology & Oncology
AbbreviationJ. Hematol. Oncol.
ISSN (online)1756-8722
ScopeCancer Research
Molecular Biology

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