How to format your references using the Journal of Hematology & Oncology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Hematology & Oncology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Pemberton S. Perspective: The fix is in. Nature. 2014;515:S165.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Ikegami T, Ganesh G. Watching novice action degrades expert motor performance: causation between action production and outcome prediction of observed actions by humans. Sci Rep. 2014;4:6989.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Richardson DS, Komdeur J, Burke T. Avian behaviour: Altruism and infidelity among warblers. Nature. 2003;422:580.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Yoon JW, Lee JH, Song SH, Magnusson R. Unified theory of surface-plasmonic enhancement and extinction of light transmission through metallic nanoslit arrays. Sci Rep. 2014;4:5683.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Samuel GR. Formulas and Calculations for Drilling Operations. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
1. Becher T. Introduction to Soft-Collinear Effective Theory. Broggio A, Ferroglia A, editors. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Looney D, Kidmose P, Mandic DP. Ear-EEG: User-Centered and Wearable BCI. In: Guger C, Allison B, Leuthardt EC, editors. Brain-Computer Interface Research: A State-of-the-Art Summary -2. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2014. p. 41–50.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Hematology & Oncology.

Blog post
1. Andrew D. Does A Planet Need Plate Tectonics To Develop Life? [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Hispanic Employment: Best Practices Used by Selected Agencies and Companies. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1997 Mar. Report No.: GGD-97-46R.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Bono S. Perceptions of Psychological Abuse and the Impact of Blame and Gender Role Beliefs [Doctoral dissertation]. [Edwardsville, IL]: Southern Illinois University; 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Grynbaum MM. Wall Street Journal’s Editor in Chief Admonishes Reporters Over Trump Coverage. New York Times. 2017 Aug 23;B7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Hematology & Oncology
AbbreviationJ. Hematol. Oncol.
ISSN (online)1756-8722
ScopeCancer Research
Molecular Biology

Other styles