How to format your references using the Journal of Hematology & Oncology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Hematology & Oncology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Smaglik P. Physics temps. Nature. 2003;425:541.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Liu Z, Herbert TD. High-latitude influence on the eastern equatorial Pacific climate in the early Pleistocene epoch. Nature. 2004;427:720–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Wieman CE, Adams WK, Perkins KK. PHYSICS. PhET: simulations that enhance learning. Science. 2008;322:682–3.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Fawcett PJ, Werne JP, Anderson RS, Heikoop JM, Brown ET, Berke MA, et al. Extended megadroughts in the southwestern United States during Pleistocene interglacials. Nature. 2011;470:518–21.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Exposito E, Diop C. Smart SOA Platforms in Cloud Computing Architectures. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2014.
An edited book
1. Manuti A, Palma PD de, editors. The Social Organization: Managing Human Capital through Social Media. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Batohi S. Africa and the International Criminal Court: A Prosecutor’s Perspective. In: Werle G, Fernandez L, Vormbaum M, editors. Africa and the International Criminal Court. The Hague: T.M.C. Asser Press; 2014. p. 49–57.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Hematology & Oncology.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Blood Test Could Predict Alzheimer’s 10 Years Before Symptoms Appear [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Students with Disabilities: Better Federal Coordination Could Lessen Challenges in the Transition from High School. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2012 Jul. Report No.: GAO-12-594.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Machula M. Understanding and Predicting Teachers’ Knowledge of Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder [Doctoral dissertation]. [Edwardsville, IL]: Southern Illinois University; 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Powell M. Principles and Posturing. New York Times. 2017 Aug 3;B9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Hematology & Oncology
AbbreviationJ. Hematol. Oncol.
ISSN (online)1756-8722
ScopeCancer Research
Molecular Biology

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