How to format your references using the Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Frommer, W. B. (2010). Biochemistry. CO2mmon sense. Science (New York, N.Y.), 327(5963), 275–276.
A journal article with 2 authors
Turtle, E. P., & Pierazzo, E. (2001). Thickness of a Europan ice shell from impact crater simulations. Science (New York, N.Y.), 294(5545), 1326–1328.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tang, C., Iwahara, J., & Clore, G. M. (2006). Visualization of transient encounter complexes in protein-protein association. Nature, 444(7117), 383–386.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Groppe, J., Greenwald, J., Wiater, E., Rodriguez-Leon, J., Economides, A. N., Kwiatkowski, W., et al. (2002). Structural basis of BMP signalling inhibition by the cystine knot protein Noggin. Nature, 420(6916), 636–642.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Vallin, R. W. (2013). The Elements of Cantor Sets. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Dievernich, F. E. P., Tokarski, K. O., & Gong, J. (Eds.). (2015). Change Management and the Human Factor: Advances, Challenges and Contradictions in Organizational Development. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Vázquez, E., Álvarez-Campana, M., Hernández, A., & Vinyes, J. (2008). Reliable Signalling Transport in Next Generation Networks. In J. Harju, G. Heijenk, P. Langendörfer, & V. A. Siris (Eds.), Wired/Wireless Internet Communications: 6th International Conference, WWIC 2008 Tampere, Finland, May 28-30, 2008 Proceedings (pp. 53–66). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics.

Blog post
Hamilton, K. (2017, February 15). Psychologist Reveals The 9 Most Common Dreams And What They Mean. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2013). Positive Train Control: Additional Authorities Could Benefit Implementation (No. GAO-13-720). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Aikens, F. A. (2012). An Examination of Ethical Behavior, Job Satisfaction, and Turnover Intent in Southern Ohio QSR Operations (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, S. (1996, May 19). Children’s Books;The Wonderful World of Dahl. New York Times, p. 733.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Frommer, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Frommer, 2010; Turtle & Pierazzo, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Turtle & Pierazzo, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Groppe et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics
AbbreviationJ. Geophys. Res. Space Phys.
ISSN (print)2169-9380
ISSN (online)2169-9402

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