How to format your references using the Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik, P. (2004). An equal chance. Nature, 432(7019), 931.
A journal article with 2 authors
Braine, J., & Herpin, F. (2004). Molecular hydrogen beyond the optical edge of an isolated spiral galaxy. Nature, 432(7015), 369–371.
A journal article with 3 authors
Alford, R. A., Dixon, P. M., & Pechmann, J. H. (2001). Ecology. Global amphibian population declines. Nature, 412(6846), 499–500.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Scheerer, P., Park, J. H., Hildebrand, P. W., Kim, Y. J., Krauss, N., Choe, H.-W., et al. (2008). Crystal structure of opsin in its G-protein-interacting conformation. Nature, 455(7212), 497–502.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sofronas, A. (2012). Case Histories in Vibration Analysis and Metal Fatigue for the Practicing Engineer. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Zohdi, T. I., & Wriggers, P. (Eds.). (2005). An Introduction to Computational Micromechanics: Corrected Second Printing (Vol. 20). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Freese, A. R. (2005). Transformation Through Self-Study. In C. Kosnik, C. Beck, A. R. Freese, & A. P. Samaras (Eds.), Making a Difference in Teacher Education Through Self-Study: Studies of Personal, Professional and Program Renewal (pp. 65–79). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2016, December 2). What’s The Chance Of Life On Pluto? Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2004). Information Technology: The Federal Enterprise Architecture and Agencies’ Enterprise Architectures Are Still Maturing (No. GAO-04-798T). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lewis, S. S. (2006). Identification of Stress-Responsive Genes in the Early Larval Stage of the Fathead Minnow Pimephales promelas (Doctoral dissertation). University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Grynbaum, M. M., & Stack, L. (2017, April 25). O’Reilly Addresses Fans Via Podcast as Fox News Adjusts to a New Lineup. New York Times, p. B2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Braine & Herpin, 2004; Smaglik, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Braine & Herpin, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Scheerer et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics
AbbreviationJ. Geophys. Res. Space Phys.
ISSN (print)2169-9380
ISSN (online)2169-9402

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