How to format your references using the Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Goldston, D. (2007). Climate of opportunity. Nature, 445(7125), 248.
A journal article with 2 authors
Giazotto, F., & Martínez-Pérez, M. J. (2012). The Josephson heat interferometer. Nature, 492(7429), 401–405.
A journal article with 3 authors
West, S., Gromak, N., & Proudfoot, N. J. (2004). Human 5’ --> 3’ exonuclease Xrn2 promotes transcription termination at co-transcriptional cleavage sites. Nature, 432(7016), 522–525.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Sun, J., Bonneau, C., Cantín, A., Corma, A., Díaz-Cabañas, M. J., Moliner, M., et al. (2009). The ITQ-37 mesoporous chiral zeolite. Nature, 458(7242), 1154–1157.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Harris, M. (2015). Inside the Crystal Ball. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Gelenbe, E., Lent, R., & Sakellari, G. (Eds.). (2012). Computer and Information Sciences II: 26th International Symposium on Computer and Information Sciences. London: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Liu, M., Zhang, D., Yap, P.-T., & Shen, D. (2012). Hierarchical Ensemble of Multi-level Classifiers for Diagnosis of Alzheimer’s Disease. In F. Wang, D. Shen, P. Yan, & K. Suzuki (Eds.), Machine Learning in Medical Imaging: Third International Workshop, MLMI 2012, Held in Conjunction with MICCAI 2012, Nice, France, October 1, 2012, Revised Selected Papers (pp. 27–35). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, February 19). New Breathalyzer Device May One Day Diagnose Lung Cancer. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1989). Aviation Safety: FAA’s Safety Inspection Management System Lacks Adequate Oversight (No. RCED-90-36). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Forget, M. A. (2012). Tumor Angiogenesis is all Tied up in Tie2-Expressing Macrophages (Doctoral dissertation). Ohio State University, Columbus, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Drucker, J., Lipton, E., & Haberman, M. (2017, March 31). Trump’s Family Still Benefiting From Businesses. New York Times, p. A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Goldston, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Giazotto & Martínez-Pérez, 2012; Goldston, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Giazotto & Martínez-Pérez, 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Sun et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Geophysical Research: Planets
AbbreviationJ. Geophys. Res. Planets
ISSN (print)2169-9097
ISSN (online)2169-9100

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