How to format your references using the Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Quackenbush, J. (2003). Genomics. Microarrays--guilt by association. Science (New York, N.Y.), 302(5643), 240–241.
A journal article with 2 authors
Reinhard, C. T., & Planavsky, N. J. (2011). Mineralogical constraints on Precambrian pCO2. Nature, 474(7349), E1-2; discussion E4-5.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zimmer, J., Nam, Y., & Rapoport, T. A. (2008). Structure of a complex of the ATPase SecA and the protein-translocation channel. Nature, 455(7215), 936–943.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Close, L. M., Lenzen, R., Guirado, J. C., Nielsen, E. L., Mamajek, E. E., Brandner, W., et al. (2005). A dynamical calibration of the mass-luminosity relation at very low stellar masses and young ages. Nature, 433(7023), 286–289.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bowen, C. (2015). Children’s Speech Sound Disorders. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Sáez, M. (Ed.). (2015). Same Sex Couples - Comparative Insights on Marriage and Cohabitation (Vol. 42). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Zeng, Z., Xu, X., & Chen, D. (2015). Effects of Traditional Chinese Medicine on DCs Under Tumor Microenvironment. In X. Xu & D. Chen (Eds.), Dendritic Cells: Biophysics, Tumor Microenvironment and Chinese Traditional Medicine (pp. 55–63). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, November 15). Why You Can Blame Evolution For Your Back Ache. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1975). Pilot Cities Program: Phaseout Needed Due To Limited National Benefits (No. GGD-75-16). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Harrison, A. B. (2012). Knowing the familiar (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J. (2017, July 31). Mets Fall Again, and Weigh Options. New York Times, p. D2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Franson, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Gavaghan, 2000; Marshall, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Reinhard & Planavsky, 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Jha et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Geophysical Research: Planets
AbbreviationJ. Geophys. Res. Planets
ISSN (print)2169-9097
ISSN (online)2169-9100

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