How to format your references using the Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Balatsky, A. V. (2000). Superconductivity. From obscurity to impurity. Nature, 403(6771), 717–718.
A journal article with 2 authors
Genet, C., & Ebbesen, T. W. (2007). Light in tiny holes. Nature, 445(7123), 39–46.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mo, Y., Turner, K. T., & Szlufarska, I. (2009). Friction laws at the nanoscale. Nature, 457(7233), 1116–1119.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Green, T. J., Zhang, X., Wertz, G. W., & Luo, M. (2006). Structure of the vesicular stomatitis virus nucleoprotein-RNA complex. Science (New York, N.Y.), 313(5785), 357–360.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Scott, A. W., & Frobenius, R. (2008). RF Measurements for Cellular Phones and Wireless Data Systems. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
McGoron, A. J., Li, C.-Z., & Lin, W.-C. (Eds.). (2009). 25th Southern Biomedical Engineering Conference 2009, 15 – 17 May 2009, Miami, Florida, USA (Vol. 24). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Duhovnik, J., Demšar, I., & Drešar, P. (2015). 3D-Modelling Software Packages. In I. Demsar & P. Drešar (Eds.), Space Modeling with SolidWorks and NX (pp. 71–96). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2016, December 13). Geminid Meteor Shower Will Peak Tonight, But The Supermoon Might Outshine It. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2006). Highway Trust Fund: Overview of Highway Trust Fund Estimates (No. GAO-06-572T). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mahiko, J. (2017). Community Connections: Supporting Rural Youth with Disabilities Who Are Work-Bound (Doctoral dissertation). Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, S. (1999, July 25). What Did You Expect, the Spanish Inquisition? New York Times, p. 75.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Balatsky, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Balatsky, 2000; Genet & Ebbesen, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Genet & Ebbesen, 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Green et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Geophysical Research: Planets
AbbreviationJ. Geophys. Res. Planets
ISSN (print)2169-9097
ISSN (online)2169-9100

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