How to format your references using the Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mayhew, J. E. W. (2003). Neuroscience. A measured look at neuronal oxygen consumption. Science (New York, N.Y.), 299(5609), 1023–1024.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ishikawa, H., & Barber, G. N. (2008). STING is an endoplasmic reticulum adaptor that facilitates innate immune signalling. Nature, 455(7213), 674–678.
A journal article with 3 authors
Karlseder, J., Smogorzewska, A., & de Lange, T. (2002). Senescence induced by altered telomere state, not telomere loss. Science (New York, N.Y.), 295(5564), 2446–2449.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Wicher, D., Schäfer, R., Bauernfeind, R., Stensmyr, M. C., Heller, R., Heinemann, S. H., & Hansson, B. S. (2008). Drosophila odorant receptors are both ligand-gated and cyclic-nucleotide-activated cation channels. Nature, 452(7190), 1007–1011.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Blair, R. (2011). Organic Production and Food Quality. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Csurka, G., Kraus, M., Mestetskiy, L., Richard, P., & Braz, J. (Eds.). (2013). Computer Vision, Imaging and Computer Graphics. Theory and Applications: International Joint Conference, VISIGRAPP 2011, Vilamoura, Portugal, March 5-7, 2011. Revised Selected Papers (Vol. 274). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Zaman, N., & Chowdhury, M. (2013). Multimedia Stream Rate Control over MANET Based on Router Feedback. In R. Lee (Ed.), Software Engineering, Artificial Intelligence, Networking and Parallel/Distributed Computing 2012 (pp. 53–68). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2015, March 31). New Paper Suggests Tatooine-type Planets Could Be Common. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1995). USDA Telecommunications: Better Management and Network Planning Could Save Millions (No. AIMD-95-203). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Brandon, G. L. (2017). Mendelssohn’s Public Statement of Faith: “Lobgesang” as Christian Witness (Doctoral dissertation). University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard, M. (2010, October 21). A Clog for All Seasons. New York Times, p. E6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Mayhew, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Ishikawa & Barber, 2008; Mayhew, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ishikawa & Barber, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Wicher et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Geophysical Research: Planets
AbbreviationJ. Geophys. Res. Planets
ISSN (print)2169-9097
ISSN (online)2169-9100

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