How to format your references using the Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Macilwain, C. (2010). World view: disaster, unmitigated. Nature, 465(7296), 287.
A journal article with 2 authors
Schwartz, T. W., & Sakmar, T. P. (2011). Structural biology: snapshot of a signalling complex. Nature, 477(7366), 540–541.
A journal article with 3 authors
Pan, Z. W., Dai, Z. R., & Wang, Z. L. (2001). Nanobelts of semiconducting oxides. Science (New York, N.Y.), 291(5510), 1947–1949.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Takeuchi, K., Mohammad, S., Ozaki, T., Morioka, E., Kawaguchi, K., Kim, J., et al. (2014). Serotonin-2C receptor involved serotonin-induced Ca2+ mobilisations in neuronal progenitors and neurons in rat suprachiasmatic nucleus. Scientific Reports, 4, 4106.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Federer, W. T., & King, F. (2007). Variations on Split Plot and Split Block Experiment Designs: Federer/Variations on Split Plot and Split Block Experiment Designs. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Longo, G. (2014). Perspectives on Organisms: Biological time, Symmetries and Singularities. (M. Montévil, Ed.). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Wilcock, N., & Scholz, C. (2016). A Convoy Model of Globalisation. In C. Scholz (Ed.), Hartmut Elsenhans and a Critique of Capitalism: Conversations on Theory and Policy Implications (pp. 57–74). London: Palgrave Macmillan UK.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2016, May 27). Some Humans Migrated Back To Africa 45,000 Years Ago. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1998). Air Traffic Control: Weak Computer Security Practices Jeopardize Flight Safety (No. AIMD-98-155). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Boyer, M. D. (2009). Organizational improvisation within an episodic planning model: A systems perspective (Doctoral dissertation). Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Risen, J., & Fink, S. (2017, January 5). Trump’s Talk on Torture Adds to Global Anxiety. New York Times, p. A13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Macilwain, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Macilwain, 2010; Schwartz & Sakmar, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Schwartz & Sakmar, 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Takeuchi et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres
AbbreviationJ. Geophys. Res.
ISSN (print)2169-897X
ISSN (online)2169-8996

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