How to format your references using the Journal of Forensic Psychiatry & Psychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Forensic Psychiatry & Psychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Chi, K. R. (2009). Microscopy: Ever-increasing resolution. Nature, 462(7273), 675–678.
A journal article with 2 authors
Galonić, D. P., & Gin, D. Y. (2007). Chemical glycosylation in the synthesis of glycoconjugate antitumour vaccines. Nature, 446(7139), 1000–1007.
A journal article with 3 authors
Miller-Butterworth, C. M., Jacobs, D. S., & Harley, E. H. (2003). Strong population substructure is correlated with morphology and ecology in a migratory bat. Nature, 424(6945), 187–191.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Gomez, E. F., Venkatraman, V., Grote, J. G., & Steckl, A. J. (2014). DNA bases thymine and adenine in bio-organic light emitting diodes. Scientific Reports, 4, 7105.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Abutarbush, S. M. (2015). Illustrated Guide to Equine Diseases. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Ribes, R., Luna, A., Ros, P. R., & Catalano, C. (Eds.). (2009). Imaging diagnostico: 100 casi dalla pratica clinica. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Bakhtadze, N. N., & Lototsky, V. A. (2016). Knowledge-Based Models of Nonlinear Systems Based on Inductive Learning. In P. Różewski, D. Novikov, N. Bakhtadze, & O. Zaikin (Eds.), New Frontiers in Information and Production Systems Modelling and Analysis: Incentive Mechanisms, Competence Management, Knowledge-based Production (pp. 85–104). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Forensic Psychiatry & Psychology.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2016, July 5). Dawn Spacecraft Denied Exciting Mission To Explore A New Body In The Asteroid Belt. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2014). Air Traffic Control System: Selected Stakeholders’ Perspectives on Operations, Modernization, and Structure (GAO-14-770). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Clark, M. (2011). How Charter School Teachers Act on Perceived Autonomy: A Qualitative Study of Curricular Decisions [Doctoral dissertation]. George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Murphy, M. J. O. (2016, June 17). The Rough Read That Was ‘Ulysses.’ New York Times, C25.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Chi, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Chi, 2009; Galonić & Gin, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Galonić & Gin, 2007)
  • Three authors: (Miller-Butterworth et al., 2003)
  • 6 or more authors: (Gomez et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Forensic Psychiatry & Psychology
AbbreviationJ. Forens. Psychiatry Psychol.
ISSN (print)1478-9949
ISSN (online)1478-9957
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health
Clinical Psychology

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