How to format your references using the Journal of Forensic Psychiatry & Psychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Forensic Psychiatry & Psychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Moore, P. D. (2000). Conservation biology. Seeds of doubt. Nature, 407(6805), 683, 685.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wallenfang, M. R., & Matunis, E. (2003). Developmental biology. Orienting stem cells. Science (New York, N.Y.), 301(5639), 1490–1491.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kasting, J. F., Catling, D. C., & Zahnle, K. (2012). Atmospheric oxygenation and volcanism. Nature, 487(7408), E1; discussion E2.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Mayor, U., Guydosh, N. R., Johnson, C. M., Grossmann, J. G., Sato, S., Jas, G. S., Freund, S. M. V., Alonso, D. O. V., Daggett, V., & Fersht, A. R. (2003). The complete folding pathway of a protein from nanoseconds to microseconds. Nature, 421(6925), 863–867.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pan, Y., Wang, J., & Li, M. (2013). Algorithmic and Artificial Intelligence Methods for Protein Bioinformatics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Turnbull, J. (2011). Pro Puppet (J. McCune, Ed.). Apress.
A chapter in an edited book
Tews, E., Wälde, J., & Weiner, M. (2012). Breaking DVB-CSA. In F. Armknecht & S. Lucks (Eds.), Research in Cryptology: 4th Western European Workshop, WEWoRC 2011, Weimar, Germany, July 20-22, 2011, Revised Selected Papers (pp. 45–61). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Forensic Psychiatry & Psychology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, September 24). This Technique Could Lead To Self-Healing Tires. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1981). Improving the Collection of Debts Owed the Government (No. 117014). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jennings, S. (2015). Hiring, promotions, and identity negotiation of female hiring agents in American corporate retail [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Phoenix.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Detrick, B. (2017, July 6). Photographer of the Skateboarding Set. New York Times, D4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Moore, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Moore, 2000; Wallenfang & Matunis, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wallenfang & Matunis, 2003)
  • Three authors: (Kasting et al., 2012)
  • 6 or more authors: (Mayor et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Forensic Psychiatry & Psychology
AbbreviationJ. Forens. Psychiatry Psychol.
ISSN (print)1478-9949
ISSN (online)1478-9957
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health
Clinical Psychology

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