How to format your references using the Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Corsi, P. (2009). Evolution pioneers: Lamarck’s reputation saved by his zoology. Nature, 461(7261), 167.
A journal article with 2 authors
Famiglietti, J. S., & Rodell, M. (2013). Environmental science. Water in the balance. Science (New York, N.Y.), 340(6138), 1300–1301.
A journal article with 3 authors
Yin, Q., Jacobsen, S. B., & Yamashita, K. (2002). Diverse supernova sources of pre-solar material inferred from molybdenum isotopes in meteorites. Nature, 415(6874), 881–883.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Burbank, D. W., Blythe, A. E., Putkonen, J., Pratt-Sitaula, B., Gabet, E., Oskin, M., Barros, A., & Ojha, T. P. (2003). Decoupling of erosion and precipitation in the Himalayas. Nature, 426(6967), 652–655.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lalanne, C. (2014). Specification Development. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Landoni, G., Pisano, A., Zangrillo, A., & Bellomo, R. (Eds.). (2016). Reducing Mortality in Acute Kidney Injury. Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Schumacher, R., Seaver, L. H., & Spranger, J. (2010). Skeletal Dysplasias. In L. H. Seaver & J. Spranger (Eds.), Fetal Radiology: A Diagnostic Atlas (pp. 99–183). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, August 11). Odds Keep Rising For A Big El Niño In 2015. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1976). NSA Methods of Acquiring Automatic Data Processing Equipment (LCD-76-123). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Luna, A. C. (2009). Analysis of the California Mental Health Services Act [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rosenberg, E., Medina, J., & Eligon, J. (2016, November 12). Protesters Take Anti-Trump Message to His Doorstep, and Plan Next Move. New York Times, A25.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Corsi, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Corsi, 2009; Famiglietti & Rodell, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Famiglietti & Rodell, 2013)
  • Three authors: (Yin et al., 2002)
  • 6 or more authors: (Burbank et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance
AbbreviationJ. Exp. Psychol. Hum. Percept. Perform.
ISSN (print)0096-1523
ISSN (online)1939-1277
ScopeArts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
Behavioral Neuroscience
Experimental and Cognitive Psychology

Other styles