How to format your references using the Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Coates, A. J. (2011). Planetary science. Io’s tortured interior. Science (New York, N.Y.), 332(6034), 1157–1158.
A journal article with 2 authors
Foster, G. L., & Vance, D. (2006). Negligible glacial-interglacial variation in continental chemical weathering rates. Nature, 444(7121), 918–921.
A journal article with 3 authors
Yi, C., Wei, S., & Hendrey, G. (2014). Warming climate extends dryness-controlled areas of terrestrial carbon sequestration. Scientific Reports, 4, 5472.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Goldberg, J. L., Klassen, M. P., Hua, Y., & Barres, B. A. (2002). Amacrine-signaled loss of intrinsic axon growth ability by retinal ganglion cells. Science (New York, N.Y.), 296(5574), 1860–1864.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Speight, J. G., & Foote, R. (2011). Ethics in Science and Engineering. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Schatten, H., & Pawley, J. B. (Eds.). (2008). Biological Low-Voltage Scanning Electron Microscopy. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Beck, G. W., & Wieland, V. (2010). Money in Monetary Policy Design: Monetary Cross-Checking in the New-Keynesian Model. In V. Wieland (Ed.), The Science and Practice of Monetary Policy Today: The Deutsche Bank Prize in Financial Economics 2007 (pp. 59–77). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2017, April 5). Does Drinking Wine Seriously Engage Your Brain More Than A Math Problem? IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2010). Student Loans: Federal Web-based Tool on Private Loans Would Pose Implementation Challenges and May Be Unnecessary (GAO-10-990). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Brasseaux, S. (2015). The Mississippi River-Gulf Outlet and Land Changes in Louisiana Deltaic Plain, Saint Bernard Parish, Louisiana [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Louisiana.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario, B., Alter, A., & Chan, S. (2016, October 13). Bob Dylan Wins Nobel Prize, Redefining the Boundaries of Literature. New York Times, A18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Coates, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Coates, 2011; Foster & Vance, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Foster & Vance, 2006)
  • Three authors: (Yi et al., 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Goldberg et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance
AbbreviationJ. Exp. Psychol. Hum. Percept. Perform.
ISSN (print)0096-1523
ISSN (online)1939-1277
ScopeArts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
Behavioral Neuroscience
Experimental and Cognitive Psychology

Other styles