How to format your references using the Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Evans, J. A. (2013). Computer science. Future science. Science (New York, N.Y.), 342(6154), 44–45.
A journal article with 2 authors
Yang, X., & Lu, X. (2014). Drastic change in China’s lakes and reservoirs over the past decades. Scientific Reports, 4, 6041.
A journal article with 3 authors
Romero, R., Dey, S. K., & Fisher, S. J. (2014). Preterm labor: one syndrome, many causes. Science (New York, N.Y.), 345(6198), 760–765.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Henry, M. R., Cho, M. K., Weaver, M. A., & Merz, J. F. (2002). Genetics. DNA patenting and licensing. Science (New York, N.Y.), 297(5585), 1279.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Senez, V., Thomy, V., & Dufour, R. (2014). Nanotechnologies for Synthetic Super Non-Wetting Surfaces. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Tomalty, R. (2015). America’s Urban Future: Lessons from North of the Border (A. Mallach, Ed.). Island Press/Center for Resource Economics.
A chapter in an edited book
Öchsner, A., & Öchsner, M. (2016). Timoshenko Beams. In M. Öchsner (Ed.), The Finite Element Analysis Program MSC Marc/Mentat: A First Introduction (pp. 57–65). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2014, November 21). New Breeding Strategy Found: Fully-Formed Froglets Emerge From Bamboo. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2002). Federal-Aid Highways: States Need Guidance on Sales or Leases of Real Property Purchased with Federal Funds (GAO-03-207). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Khaleghi, F. K. (2017). Evaluating Satisfaction of Participants within the Outreach and Engagement Program of MECCA [Doctoral dissertation]. Pepperdine University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg, B. (2017, May 11). The Last Shaman. New York Times, C5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Evans, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Evans, 2013; Yang & Lu, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Yang & Lu, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Romero et al., 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Henry et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Experimental Psychology: Applied
AbbreviationJ. Exp. Psychol. Appl.
ISSN (print)1076-898X
ISSN (online)1939-2192
ScopeExperimental and Cognitive Psychology

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