How to format your references using the Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fuyuno, I. (2006). Hwang scandal hits Korean biotech hard. Nature, 439(7074), 265.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ives, A. R., & Cardinale, B. J. (2004). Food-web interactions govern the resistance of communities after non-random extinctions. Nature, 429(6988), 174–177.
A journal article with 3 authors
Halpern, B. S., Cottenie, K., & Broitman, B. R. (2006). Strong top-down control in southern California kelp forest ecosystems. Science (New York, N.Y.), 312(5777), 1230–1232.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Hemphill, D. D., McIlwraith, C. W., Samulski, R. J., & Goodrich, L. R. (2014). Adeno-associated viral vectors show serotype specific transduction of equine joint tissue explants and cultured monolayers. Scientific Reports, 4, 5861.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Fisher, R. B., Breckon, T. P., Dawson-Howe, K., Fitzgibbon, A., Robertson, C., Trucco, E., & Williams, C. K. I. (2016). Dictionary of Computer Vision and Image Processing. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Yamamoto, S. (Ed.). (2015). Human Interface and the Management of Information. Information and Knowledge in Context: 17th International Conference, HCI International 2015, Los Angeles, CA, USA, August 2-7, 2015, Proceedings, Part II (Vol. 9173). Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Nova, R. (2006). Mechanical Behaviour and Properties. In S. K. Kourkoulis (Ed.), Fracture and Failure of Natural Building Stones: Applications in the Restoration of Ancient Monuments (pp. 55–70). Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2017, May 12). Researchers Have Just Discovered There Are 3 Subspecies Of Snow Leopard. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1976). Use of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration’s ATS-6 Communications Satellite To Broadcast Educational Television Programs in India (ID-76-75). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Moncur, H. B. (2014). Exploring primary caregivers’ perceptions of the effects of secondhand marijuana smoke on children: A quantitative study [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
LINDA MARX; Rosalie R. Radomsky contributed reporting from New York. (2010, March 14). Elizabeth Greig and Jason Extein. New York Times, ST15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Fuyuno, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Fuyuno, 2006; Ives & Cardinale, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ives & Cardinale, 2004)
  • Three authors: (Halpern et al., 2006)
  • 6 or more authors: (Hemphill et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Experimental Psychology: Applied
AbbreviationJ. Exp. Psychol. Appl.
ISSN (print)1076-898X
ISSN (online)1939-2192
ScopeExperimental and Cognitive Psychology

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