How to format your references using the Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cheung, F. (2011). Modern TCM: Enter the clinic. Nature, 480(7378), S94-5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Luo, Z.-X., & Wible, J. R. (2005). A Late Jurassic digging mammal and early mammalian diversification. Science (New York, N.Y.), 308(5718), 103–107.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bao, S., Chan, V. T., & Merzenich, M. M. (2001). Cortical remodelling induced by activity of ventral tegmental dopamine neurons. Nature, 412(6842), 79–83.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Evans, D. R., Tayati, P., An, H., Lam, P. K., Craig, V. S. J., & Senden, T. J. (2014). Laser actuation of cantilevers for picometre amplitude dynamic force microscopy. Scientific Reports, 4, 5567.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Fant, K. M. (2005). Logically Determined Design. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Quarteroni, A. (2012). Calcolo Scientifico: Esercizi e problemi risolti con MATLAB e Octave. (F. Saleri & P. Gervasio, Eds.) (5a edizione). Milano: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Krack, M., Scheidt, L. P., & Wallaschek, J. (2014). A Framework for the Computational Dynamic Analysis of Coupled Structures Using Nonlinear Modes. In G. Kerschen (Ed.), Nonlinear Dynamics, Volume 2: Proceedings of the 32nd IMAC, A Conference and Exposition on Structural Dynamics, 2014 (pp. 45–53). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied.

Blog post
Taub, B. (2016, November 8). Soldiers’ Brains Electrocuted To Make Them More Attentive. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1989). Computer Procurement: FAA’s $1.5-Billion Computer Resources Nucleus Project (No. IMTEC-89-44FS). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Stevens, J. W. (2008). Perception of counselor ethical behavior: A quantitative look at dual relationships in Maine (Doctoral dissertation). Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K. (2003, February 23). It Could Be Sharks Versus Sharks In This Rumble on the Waterfront. New York Times, p. 146.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Cheung, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Cheung, 2011; Luo & Wible, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Luo & Wible, 2005)
  • Three authors: (Bao, Chan, & Merzenich, 2001)
  • 6 or more authors: (Evans et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Experimental Psychology: Applied
AbbreviationJ. Exp. Psychol. Appl.
ISSN (print)1076-898X
ISSN (online)1939-2192
ScopeExperimental and Cognitive Psychology

Other styles