How to format your references using the Journal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Learning and Cognition citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Learning and Cognition. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Loder, N. (2000). Case of the stolen Enigma machine takes cryptic turn. Nature, 407(6802), 278.
A journal article with 2 authors
Schumacher, T. N., & Schreiber, R. D. (2015). Neoantigens in cancer immunotherapy. Science (New York, N.Y.), 348(6230), 69–74.
A journal article with 3 authors
Halley, J. M., Iwasa, Y., & Vokou, D. (2013). Comment on “Extinction debt and windows of conservation opportunity in the Brazilian Amazon.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 339(6117), 271.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Nambu, Y., Sugai, M., Gonda, H., Lee, C.-G., Katakai, T., Agata, Y., Yokota, Y., & Shimizu, A. (2003). Transcription-coupled events associating with immunoglobulin switch region chromatin. Science (New York, N.Y.), 302(5653), 2137–2140.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Schwarz, D. R. (2014). Reading the European Novel to 1900. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Trąpczyński, P., Puślecki, Ł., & Jarosiński, M. (Eds.). (2016). Competitiveness of CEE Economies and Businesses: Multidisciplinary Perspectives on Challenges and Opportunities. Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Kendall, T., & Wolfram, W. (2016). Engagement Through Data Management and Preservation: The North Carolina Language and Life Project and the Sociolinguistic Archive and Analysis Project. In K. P. Corrigan & A. Mearns (Eds.), Creating and Digitizing Language Corpora: Volume 3: Databases for Public Engagement (pp. 133–157). Palgrave Macmillan UK.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Learning and Cognition.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2015, April 4). How To Make Galaxy Themed Easter Eggs. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2007). Aviation Security: Federal Coordination for Responding to In-flight Security Threats Has Matured, but Procedures Can Be Strengthened (GAO-07-891R). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ray, R. T. (2015). Utilization of a Clinical Reminder System to Increase the Incidence of HIV Screening in a Primary Care Clinic [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Louisiana.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky, S. (2007, October 11). As Sarkozy and Putin Meet, Iran Quickly Comes Between Them. New York Times, A5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Loder, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Loder, 2000; Schumacher & Schreiber, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Schumacher & Schreiber, 2015)
  • Three authors: (Halley et al., 2013)
  • 6 or more authors: (Nambu et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Learning and Cognition
AbbreviationJ. Exp. Psychol. Anim. Learn. Cogn.
ISSN (print)2329-8456
ISSN (online)2329-8464
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Experimental and Cognitive Psychology

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