How to format your references using the Journal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Learning and Cognition citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Learning and Cognition. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bazin, D. (2012). Nuclear physics: symmetrical tin. Nature, 486(7403), 330–331.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gaiha, G. D., & Brass, A. L. (2014). Immunology. The fiery side of HIV-induced T cell death. Science (New York, N.Y.), 343(6169), 383–384.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kingon, A. I., Maria, J. P., & Streiffer, S. K. (2000). Alternative dielectrics to silicon dioxide for memory and logic devices. Nature, 406(6799), 1032–1038.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Usmani, A., Ganguli, N., Sarkar, H., Dhup, S., Batta, S. R., Vimal, M., … Majumdar, S. S. (2013). A non-surgical approach for male germ cell mediated gene transmission through transgenesis. Scientific Reports, 3, 3430.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hellesland, J., Challamel, N., Casandjian, C., & Lanos, C. (2013). Reinforced Concrete Beams, Columns and Frames. Hoboken, NJ USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Uden, L., Heričko, M., & Ting, I.-H. (Eds.). (2015). Knowledge Management in Organizations: 10th International Conference, KMO 2015, Maribor, Slovenia, August 24-28, 2015, Proceedings (1st ed. 2015, Vol. 224). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Staver, A. C., Jong, W. D. E., & Kaimowitz, D. (2007). NICARAGUA’S FRONTIER: THE BOSAWAS BIOSPHERE RESERVE. In W. D. Jong, D. Donovan, & K.-I. Abe (Eds.), Extreme Conflict and Tropical Forests (pp. 57–74). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Learning and Cognition.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, September 18). Modified Antibiotic Found To Be Effective Against Drug Resistant Bacteria. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1994). Ready Reserve Force: Ship Readiness Has Improved, but Other Concerns Remain (No. NSIAD-95-24). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Al khuwaildi, H. A. (2010). Green techniques in the healthcare system (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Goldstein, J., & Schwirtz, M. (2013, October 11). U.S. Accuses 2 Rabbis of Kidnapping Husbands for a Fee. New York Times, p. A18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bazin, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Bazin, 2012; Gaiha & Brass, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gaiha & Brass, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Kingon, Maria, & Streiffer, 2000)
  • 6 or more authors: (Usmani et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Learning and Cognition
AbbreviationJ. Exp. Psychol. Anim. Learn. Cogn.
ISSN (print)2329-8456
ISSN (online)2329-8464
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Experimental and Cognitive Psychology

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