How to format your references using the Journal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Behavior Processes citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Behavior Processes. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pan, H. (2014). Metal dichalcogenides monolayers: novel catalysts for electrochemical hydrogen production. Scientific Reports, 4, 5348.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hewak, D., & Gholipour, B. (2012). Materials science. Primed to remember. Science (New York, N.Y.), 336(6088), 1515–1516.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wang, Q. D., Gotthelf, E. V., & Lang, C. C. (2002). A faint discrete source origin for the highly ionized iron emission from the Galactic Centre region. Nature, 415(6868), 148–150.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Johll, H., Lee, M. D. K., Ng, S. P. N., Kang, H. C., & Tok, E. S. (2014). Influence of interconfigurational electronic States On Fe, Co, Ni-silicene materials selection for spintronics. Scientific Reports, 4, 7594.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zhang, S.-L. (2012). Raman Spectroscopy and its Application in Nanostructures. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Yamamoto, S. (Ed.). (2013). Human Interface and the Management of Information. Information and Interaction for Health, Safety, Mobility and Complex Environments: 15th International Conference, HCI International 2013, Las Vegas, NV, USA, July 21-26, 2013, Proceedings, Part II (Vol. 8017). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Levis, A. A., & Papageorgiou, L. G. (2009). Active demand management for substitute products through price optimisation. In H. Meyr & H.-O. Günther (Eds.), Supply Chain Planning: Quantitative Decision Support and Advanced Planning Solutions (pp. 1–27). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Behavior Processes.

Blog post
Andrews, R. (2016, June 16). Bright Spots Within Coral Reefs Suggest They Could Ultimately Be Saved. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2007). Federal Aviation Administration: Observations on Selected Changes to FAA’s Funding and Budget Structure in the Administration’s Reauthorization Proposal (GAO-07-625T). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ferris, R. J. (2014). Numerical investigations of flow past a partially rotating stepped cylinder [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Dominus, S. (2016, September 22). Leaving Carrie Behind. New York Times, AR1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Pan, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Hewak & Gholipour, 2012; Pan, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hewak & Gholipour, 2012)
  • Three authors: (Wang et al., 2002)
  • 6 or more authors: (Johll et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Behavior Processes
ISSN (print)0097-7403
ISSN (online)1939-2184

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