How to format your references using the Journal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Behavior Processes citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Behavior Processes. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mayr, E. (2004). Happy birthday: 80 years of watching the evolutionary scenery. Science (New York, N.Y.), 305(5680), 46–47.
A journal article with 2 authors
Raymo, M. E., & Huybers, P. (2008). Unlocking the mysteries of the ice ages. Nature, 451(7176), 284–285.
A journal article with 3 authors
Baumgart, T., Hess, S. T., & Webb, W. W. (2003). Imaging coexisting fluid domains in biomembrane models coupling curvature and line tension. Nature, 425(6960), 821–824.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Mariathasan, S., Newton, K., Monack, D. M., Vucic, D., French, D. M., Lee, W. P., … Dixit, V. M. (2004). Differential activation of the inflammasome by caspase-1 adaptors ASC and Ipaf. Nature, 430(6996), 213–218.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Promislow, S. D. (2010). Fundamentals of Actuarial Mathematics. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Hirose, A., Ozawa, S., Doya, K., Ikeda, K., Lee, M., & Liu, D. (Eds.). (2016). Neural Information Processing: 23rd International Conference, ICONIP 2016, Kyoto, Japan, October 16–21, 2016, Proceedings, Part III (Vol. 9949). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Badawi, R. A., & White, C. J. (2012). Renal and Mesenteric Intervention. In D. L. Bhatt (Ed.), Peripheral and Cerebrovascular Intervention (pp. 79–97). Totowa, NJ: Humana Press.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Behavior Processes.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2013, December 9). Gut microbe therapy reduces autism-like symptoms in mice. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1987). [Comments on Senate’s Liability for Special Charges and Taxes Related to Telephone Service] (No. B-225123). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gornto, J. S. (2009). The impact of student leadership in classroom management on student achievement (Doctoral dissertation). Northcentral University, Scottsdale, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley, B. (2017, October 11). Finally Taking Shakespeare’s ‘Measure.’ New York Times, p. C5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Orrit, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Barker, 2007; Hand, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Raymo & Huybers, 2008)
  • Three authors: (Baumgart, Hess, & Webb, 2003)
  • 6 or more authors: (Maiolino et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Behavior Processes
ISSN (print)0097-7403
ISSN (online)1939-2184

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