How to format your references using the Journal of Experimental & Theoretical Artificial Intelligence citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Experimental & Theoretical Artificial Intelligence. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik, P. (2002). Battling the brain drain. Nature, 415(6871), 3.
A journal article with 2 authors
Taylor, R. C., & Ryan, M. J. (2013). Interactions of multisensory components perceptually rescue túngara frog mating signals. Science (New York, N.Y.), 341(6143), 273–274.
A journal article with 3 authors
Clutton-Brock, T. H., Coulson, T., & Milner, J. M. (2004). Red deer stocks in the Highlands of Scotland. Nature, 429(6989), 261–262.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Gong, X., Tong, M., Xia, Y., Cai, W., Moon, J. S., Cao, Y., Yu, G., Shieh, C.-L., Nilsson, B., & Heeger, A. J. (2009). High-detectivity polymer photodetectors with spectral response from 300 nm to 1450 nm. Science (New York, N.Y.), 325(5948), 1665–1667.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
MacIsaac, B., & Langton, R. (2011). Gas Turbine Propulsion Systems. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Lee, R. (Ed.). (2011). Computers,Networks, Systems, and Industrial Engineering 2011 (Vol. 365). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Biondi, A., Testi, A. M., & Gibson, B. E. S. (2010). Acute Promyelocytic Leukaemia. In P. J. Houghton & R. J. Arceci (Eds.), Molecularly Targeted Therapy for Childhood Cancer (pp. 83–108). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Experimental & Theoretical Artificial Intelligence.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2015, March 9). Waking Hummingbird Sounds Like It Is Snoring. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1977). The Bureau of Indian Affairs Should Do More to Help Educate Indian Students (HRD-77-155). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rholdon, C. M. (2012). Analyzing Leadership Practices of Enrollment Management at Fletcher Technical Community College [Doctoral dissertation]. Northcentral University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley, B. (2016, November 14). A Historical Nightmare of Racism, Hypnotically Retold. New York Times, C2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Smaglik, 2002; Taylor & Ryan, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Taylor & Ryan, 2013)
  • Three authors: (Clutton-Brock et al., 2004)
  • 6 or more authors: (Gong et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Experimental & Theoretical Artificial Intelligence
AbbreviationJ. Exp. Theor. Artif. Intell.
ISSN (print)0952-813X
ISSN (online)1362-3079
ScopeArtificial Intelligence
Theoretical Computer Science

Other styles