How to format your references using the Journal of Experimental & Theoretical Artificial Intelligence citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Experimental & Theoretical Artificial Intelligence. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Muddiman, D. C. (2011). Retrospective. John Bennett Fenn (1917-2010). Science (New York, N.Y.), 331(6014), 160.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bork, P., & Copley, R. (2001). Genome speak. Nature, 409(6822), 815.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ben-David, O., Rubinstein, S. M., & Fineberg, J. (2010). Slip-stick and the evolution of frictional strength. Nature, 463(7277), 76–79.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Jamwal, S., Midha, M. K., Verma, H. N., Basu, A., Rao, K. V. S., & Manivel, V. (2013). Characterizing virulence-specific perturbations in the mitochondrial function of macrophages infected with Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Scientific Reports, 3, 1328.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
El-Rewini, H., & Abd-El-Barr, M. (2004). Advanced Computer Architecture and Parallel Processing. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Suzuki, T., Ohtsubo, K., & Taniguchi, N. (Eds.). (2015). Sugar Chains: Decoding the Functions of Glycans. Tokyo: Springer Japan.
A chapter in an edited book
Nguyen, C., & Park, J. (2016). Characterizations and Tests of Stepped-Frequency Continuous-Wave Radar Sensors. In J. Park (Ed.), Stepped-Frequency Radar Sensors: Theory, Analysis and Design (pp. 99–117). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Experimental & Theoretical Artificial Intelligence.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, September 22). Couple Found Holding Hands For 700 Years. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2014). NASA: Assessments of Selected Large-Scale Projects (No. GAO-14-338SP). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Julian, A. (2017). Guided Autobiography Themes for Older Adult United States War Veterans (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Burns, A., & Goodnough, A. (2017, May 6). Democrats Focus On Bill’s Stance On Prior Illness. New York Times, p. A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Muddiman, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Bork & Copley, 2001; Muddiman, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bork & Copley, 2001)
  • Three authors: (Ben-David, Rubinstein, & Fineberg, 2010)
  • 6 or more authors: (Jamwal et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Experimental & Theoretical Artificial Intelligence
AbbreviationJ. Exp. Theor. Artif. Intell.
ISSN (print)0952-813X
ISSN (online)1362-3079
ScopeArtificial Intelligence
Theoretical Computer Science

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