How to format your references using the Journal of Experimental & Clinical Assisted Reproduction citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Experimental & Clinical Assisted Reproduction. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Royal CDM. Genome-sequencing anniversary. My genome, my identity, my health. Science. 2011 Feb 11;331(6018):690–1.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gouaux E, Mackinnon R. Principles of selective ion transport in channels and pumps. Science. 2005 Dec 2;310(5753):1461–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
Pasham DR, Strohmayer TE, Mushotzky RF. A 400-solar-mass black hole in the galaxy M82. Nature. 2014 Sep 4;513(7516):74–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Song N-N, Yang H-T, Liu H-L, Ren X, Ding H-F, Zhang X-Q, et al. Exceeding natural resonance frequency limit of monodisperse Fe(3)O(4) nanoparticles via superparamagnetic relaxation. Sci Rep. 2013 Nov 7;3:3161.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Söchting I. Cognitive Behavioral Group Therapy. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.; 2014.
An edited book
Szczuka M, Kryszkiewicz M, Ramanna S, Jensen R, Hu Q, editors. Rough Sets and Current Trends in Computing: 7th International Conference, RSCTC 2010, Warsaw, Poland, June 28-30,2010. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010. 771 p. 161 illus. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science; vol. 6086).
A chapter in an edited book
Yamanaka N, Hou Q-C, Du S. Vegetation of the Loess Plateau. In: Tsunekawa A, Liu G, Yamanaka N, Du S, editors. Restoration and Development of the Degraded Loess Plateau, China. Tokyo: Springer Japan; 2014. p. 49–60. (Ecological Research Monographs).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Experimental & Clinical Assisted Reproduction.

Blog post
Hale T. Giant Slugs Are Breaking Into Bird Nests And Eating The Chicks. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. International Space Station: Measurable Performance Targets and Documentation Needed to Better Assess Management of National Laboratory. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2015 Apr. Report No.: GAO-15-397.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
De Anda B. Factors that contribute to the stigma of mental illness [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly M. THE 1992 CAMPAIGN: The Democrats -- Clinton and Bush Compete to Be Champion of Change; Democrat Fights Perceptions of Bush Gain. New York Times. 1992 Oct 31;11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Experimental & Clinical Assisted Reproduction
AbbreviationJ. Exp. Clin. Assist. Reprod.
ISSN (online)1743-1050
ScopeDevelopmental Biology
Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Reproductive Medicine

Other styles