How to format your references using the Journal of Experimental & Clinical Assisted Reproduction citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Experimental & Clinical Assisted Reproduction. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ahmed SH. Neuroscience. Addiction as compulsive reward prediction. Science. 2004 Dec 10;306(5703):1901–2.
A journal article with 2 authors
Znamenskiy P, Zador AM. Corticostriatal neurons in auditory cortex drive decisions during auditory discrimination. Nature. 2013 May 23;497(7450):482–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
Losos JB, Hillis DM, Greene HW. Evolution. Who speaks with a forked tongue? Science. 2012 Dec 14;338(6113):1428–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Malaney P, Pathak RR, Xue B, Uversky VN, Davé V. Intrinsic disorder in PTEN and its interactome confers structural plasticity and functional versatility. Sci Rep. 2013;3:2035.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bragg SM. Controllership. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2009.
An edited book
Schildmann J, Sandow V, Rauprich O, Vollmann J, editors. Human Medical Research: Ethical, Legal and Socio-Cultural Aspects. Basel: Springer; 2012. XVI, 188 p.
A chapter in an edited book
Kah O, Le Page Y, Vosges M, Tong S-K, Chung B-C, Brion F. Neural Progenitors Are Direct Targets of Xenoestrogens in Zebrafish. In: Bourguignon J-P, Jégou B, Kerdelhué B, Toppari J, Christen Y, editors. Multi-System Endocrine Disruption. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011. p. 73–89. (Research and Perspectives in Endocrine Interactions).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Experimental & Clinical Assisted Reproduction.

Blog post
Andrews R. This Strange Scientific Model Has A Worrying Prediction About 2020 [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Project Head Start: Achievements and Problems. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1975 May. Report No.: MWD-75-51.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Schenkelberg V. Cultural competence training: A grant proposal [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G. More Than a Wizard. New York Times. 2010 Jun 5;D1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Experimental & Clinical Assisted Reproduction
AbbreviationJ. Exp. Clin. Assist. Reprod.
ISSN (online)1743-1050
ScopeDevelopmental Biology
Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Reproductive Medicine

Other styles