How to format your references using the Journal of Experimental & Clinical Assisted Reproduction citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Experimental & Clinical Assisted Reproduction. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Szymańska MH. Physics. Intertwining electron tunneling with light. Science. 2012 May 11;336(6082):679–80.
A journal article with 2 authors
Walker BD, Burton DR. Toward an AIDS vaccine. Science. 2008 May 9;320(5877):760–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wood MJ, Storz G, Tjandra N. Structural basis for redox regulation of Yap1 transcription factor localization. Nature. 2004 Aug 19;430(7002):917–21.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Reid WV, Chen D, Goldfarb L, Hackmann H, Lee YT, Mokhele K, et al. Environment and development. Earth system science for global sustainability: grand challenges. Science. 2010 Nov 12;330(6006):916–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Katsilambros N, Diakoumopoulou E, Ioannidis I, Liatis S, Makrilakis K, Tentolouris N, et al. Diabetes in Clinical Practice. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2006.
An edited book
Squillero G, Burelli P, editors. Applications of Evolutionary Computation: 19th European Conference, EvoApplications 2016, Porto, Portugal, March 30 -- April 1, 2016, Proceedings, Part I. 1st ed. 2016. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. XXV, 849 p. 252 illus. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science; vol. 9597).
A chapter in an edited book
Datta PK, Biswas S. Combination Resonance Characteristics of a Composite Plate Having Damage Subjected to in-Plane Pulsating Load. In: Náprstek J, Horáček J, Okrouhlík M, Marvalová B, Verhulst F, Sawicki JT, editors. Vibration Problems ICOVP 2011: The 10th International Conference on Vibration Problems. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2011. p. 45–50. (Springer Proceedings in Physics).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Experimental & Clinical Assisted Reproduction.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J. Earth May Have Formed Earlier Than 92% Of Other Habitable Planets [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Indian Education in the Public School System Needs More Direction from the Congress. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1977 Mar. Report No.: HRD-76-172.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Burchman EK. A dialogue on improvisation, space and melody: Larry Koonse’s approach to improvisation [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L. Court Blocks Plans for New Gas Plant in New Jersey. New York Times. 2008 Apr 1;B4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Experimental & Clinical Assisted Reproduction
AbbreviationJ. Exp. Clin. Assist. Reprod.
ISSN (online)1743-1050
ScopeDevelopmental Biology
Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Reproductive Medicine

Other styles