How to format your references using the Journal of Exercise Science & Fitness citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Exercise Science & Fitness. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Brumfiel G. High-voltage shock sparks fusion from X-ray crush. Nature. 2003;422(6932):549.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ibáñez M, Cabot A. Chemistry. All change for nanocrystals. Science. 2013;340(6135):935-936.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mili S, Moissoglu K, Macara IG. Genome-wide screen reveals APC-associated RNAs enriched in cell protrusions. Nature. 2008;453(7191):115-119.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Yang Y, Herrera C, Eagle N, González MC. Limits of predictability in commuting flows in the absence of data for calibration. Sci Rep. 2014;4:5662.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kelly VA. ADDICTION in the Family: What Every Counselor Needs to Know. American Counseling Association; 2015.
An edited book
Alahari S, ed. MicroRNA in Cancer. Springer Netherlands; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Douiri MR, Cherkaoui M. Rotor Time Constant Identification Approaches Based on Back-Propagation Neural Network for Indirect Vector Controlled Induction Machine. In: Papasratorn B, Charoenkitkarn N, Vanijja V, Chongsuphajaisiddhi V, eds. Advances in Information Technology: 6th International Conference, IAIT 2013, Bangkok, Thailand, December 12-13, 2013. Proceedings. Communications in Computer and Information Science. Springer International Publishing; 2013:47-57.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Exercise Science & Fitness.

Blog post
Andrew E. Could This Biochemist’s Veggie Burger Be The Closest Thing To Real Meat? IFLScience. Published October 10, 2014. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Air Traffic Control: Status of FAA’s Modernization Program. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1995.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Choi KK. Conspiracy and alternative crimes in the Military Commissions Act of 2009: Is There a Way Out? Published online 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly R. Postmodern Conveniences. New York Times. June 9, 2002:724.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Exercise Science & Fitness
AbbreviationJ. Exerc. Sci. Fit.
ISSN (print)1728-869X
ScopePharmacology (nursing)
Pharmaceutical Science

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