How to format your references using the Journal of Elections, Public Opinion & Parties citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Elections, Public Opinion & Parties. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Goldston, David. (2009) “In which we say goodbye.” Nature 462:25.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bullock, S. L., and D. Ish-Horowicz. (2001) “Conserved signals and machinery for RNA transport in Drosophila oogenesis and embryogenesis.” Nature 414:611–616.
A journal article with 3 authors
Domnisoru, Cristina, Amina A. Kinkhabwala, and David W. Tank. (2013) “Membrane potential dynamics of grid cells.” Nature 495:199–204.
A journal article with 6 or more authors
Zauderer, B. A. et al. (2011) “Birth of a relativistic outflow in the unusual γ-ray transient Swift J164449.3+573451.” Nature 476:425–428.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
McMillan, Edward J. 2010. Not-for-Profit Budgeting and Financial Management. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Baranyi, Péter. 2015. Cognitive Infocommunications (CogInfoCom). 1st ed. 2015. Adam Csapo and Gyula Sallai (eds) . Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Marti, Urs. (2013) “Democracy in the Age of Global Markets.” In: Jean-Christophe Merle (ed) Spheres of Global Justice: Volume 1 Global Challenges to Liberal Democracy. Political Participation, Minorities and Migrations. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Elections, Public Opinion & Parties.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. (2015) “Musical Training Can Accelerate Brain Development And Help With Literacy Skills.” IFLScience. (Accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1999. Agreed-Upon Procedures: Airport and Airway Trust Fund Excise Taxes. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Crossman, Donna Cangelosi. “The impact of safety culture on worker motivation and the economic bottom line.” Doctoral dissertation, Minneapolis, MN: Capella University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario, Ben. “DJ Khaled Hits Top Of Billboard Chart.” New York Times, July 3, C2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Goldston, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Goldston, 2009; Bullock and Ish-Horowicz, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bullock and Ish-Horowicz, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Zauderer et al., 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Elections, Public Opinion & Parties
AbbreviationJ. Elect. Public Opin. Parties
ISSN (print)1745-7289
ISSN (online)1745-7297
ScopeSociology and Political Science

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