How to format your references using the Journal of Elections, Public Opinion & Parties citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Elections, Public Opinion & Parties. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Zuk, Marlene. (2006) “Family values in black and white.” Nature 439:917.
A journal article with 2 authors
Siomi, Haruhiko, and Mikiko C. Siomi. (2009) “On the road to reading the RNA-interference code.” Nature 457:396–404.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lee, Hohjai, Yuan-Chung Cheng, and Graham R. Fleming. (2007) “Coherence dynamics in photosynthesis: protein protection of excitonic coherence.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 316:1462–1465.
A journal article with 6 or more authors
Yamamoto, Fumiichiro et al. (2014) “An integrative evolution theory of histo-blood group ABO and related genes.” Scientific reports 4:6601.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Delgado, Ramón López-Cózar, and Masahiro Araki. 2006. Spoken, Multilingual and Multimodal Dialogue Systems. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
D’Août, Kristiaan, and Evie E. Vereecke, eds. 2011. Primate Locomotion: Linking Field and Laboratory Research. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Fleisch, Abby F., Robert O. Wright, and Andrea A. Baccarelli. (2015) “Is Environmental Epigenetics Relevant to Endocrine Disease?” In: L. Joseph Su and Tung-Chin Chiang (eds) Environmental Epigenetics, Molecular and Integrative Toxicology. London: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Elections, Public Opinion & Parties.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. (2014) “Identifying And Overcoming Depression.” IFLScience. (Accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2011. USDA Systems Modernization: Management and Oversight Improvements Are Needed. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Grandon, Jarrod. “The Distribution of Apiaceae in Lafayette and St. Martin Parishes.” Doctoral dissertation, Lafayette, LA: University of Louisiana.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, Linda. “Another Summer, Same Dark Stage.” New York Times, August 19, LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Zuk, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Zuk, 2006; Siomi and Siomi, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Siomi and Siomi, 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Yamamoto et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Elections, Public Opinion & Parties
AbbreviationJ. Elect. Public Opin. Parties
ISSN (print)1745-7289
ISSN (online)1745-7297
ScopeSociology and Political Science

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