How to format your references using the Journal of Elections, Public Opinion & Parties citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Elections, Public Opinion & Parties. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Eisenstein, Michael. (2015) “Artificial organs: Honey, I shrunk the lungs.” Nature 519:S16-8.
A journal article with 2 authors
Law, Julie A., and Steven E. Jacobsen. (2009) “Molecular biology. Dynamic DNA methylation.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 323:1568–1569.
A journal article with 3 authors
Raty, Jean-Yves, Eric Schwegler, and Stanimir A. Bonev. (2007) “Electronic and structural transitions in dense liquid sodium.” Nature 449:448–451.
A journal article with 6 or more authors
Buckley, Noel J., Rory Johnson, Yuh-Man Sun, and Lawrence W. Stanton. (2009) “Is REST a regulator of pluripotency?” Nature 457:E5-6; discussion E7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Martin, B. R. 2006. Nuclear and Particle Physics. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Knüpfer, Andreas et al., eds. 2016. Tools for High Performance Computing 2015: Proceedings of the 9th International Workshop on Parallel Tools for High Performance Computing, September 2015, Dresden, Germany. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Ren, Jinma. (2016) “Evaluating Published CER Evidence.” In: Carl Asche (ed) Applying Comparative Effectiveness Data to Medical Decision Making: A Practical Guide. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Elections, Public Opinion & Parties.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. (2014) “Humans, Not Larger Predators, To Blame For Cheetah Decline.” IFLScience. (Accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1971. Assessment of the Teacher Corps Program at Western Carolina University and Participating Schools in North Carolina. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mueller, Carla. “A Multidimensional Perspective of Faculty Mentoring and Job Satisfaction during the First Year of Teaching at Lindenwood University.” Doctoral dissertation, St. Charles, MO: Lindenwood University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Higgins, Andrew. “Putin-Era Taboo: Dissecting Roots of Nazi Sympathy.” New York Times, June 21, A4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Eisenstein, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Eisenstein, 2015; Law and Jacobsen, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Law and Jacobsen, 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Buckley et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Elections, Public Opinion & Parties
AbbreviationJ. Elect. Public Opin. Parties
ISSN (print)1745-7289
ISSN (online)1745-7297
ScopeSociology and Political Science

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