How to format your references using the Journal of Diabetes & Metabolic Disorders citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Diabetes & Metabolic Disorders. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Triendl R. Japan’s cloning ban will allow stem cell experiments. Nature. 2000;404:321.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Metz M, Fütterer J. Biodiversity (Communications arising): suspect evidence of transgenic contamination. Nature. 2002;416:600–1; discussion 600, 602.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Idzko M, Ferrari D, Eltzschig HK. Nucleotide signalling during inflammation. Nature. 2014;509:310–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Chong AS, Shen J, Tao J, Yin D, Kuznetsov A, Hara M, et al. Reversal of diabetes in non-obese diabetic mice without spleen cell-derived beta cell regeneration. Science. 2006;311:1774–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Zheng F, Kaiser T. Digital Signal Processing for RFID. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2016.
An edited book
1. Zain JM, Wan Mohd WM bt, El-Qawasmeh E, editors. Software Engineering and Computer Systems: Second International Conference, ICSECS 2011, Kuantan, Pahang, Malaysia, June 27-29, 2011, Proceedings, Part II. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Rauf S, Sienkiewicz-Paderewska D, Malinowski DP, Hussain MM, Niazi IAK, Kausar M. Forages: Ecology, Breeding Objectives and Procedures. In: Al-Khayri JM, Jain SM, Johnson DV, editors. Advances in Plant Breeding Strategies: Agronomic, Abiotic and Biotic Stress Traits. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 149–201.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Diabetes & Metabolic Disorders.

Blog post
1. Davis J. World’s Oldest Known Orca Feared Dead [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/worlds-oldest-known-orca-feared-dead/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Higher Education: Activities Underway to Improve Teacher Training, but Reporting on These Activities Could Be Enhanced. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2002 Dec. Report No.: GAO-03-6.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Marmolejo R. Drop-in center for homeless veteran families: A grant proposal [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Qiu L. On Spectrum of Extremism, Far Left Takes Relatively Little Space. New York Times. 2017 Aug 15;A13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Diabetes & Metabolic Disorders
AbbreviationJ. Diabetes Metab. Disord.
ISSN (online)2251-6581
ScopeEndocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
Internal Medicine

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