How to format your references using the Journal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Friedman WE. Plant science. One genome, two ontogenies. Science. 2013;339(6123):1045-1046.
A journal article with 2 authors
Popp MW, Maquat LE. RNA. A TRICK’n way to see the pioneer round of translation. Science. 2015;347(6228):1316-1317.
A journal article with 3 authors
Titus TN, Kieffer HH, Christensen PR. Exposed water ice discovered near the south pole of Mars. Science. 2003;299(5609):1048-1051.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Steinmetz LM, Sinha H, Richards DR, et al. Dissecting the architecture of a quantitative trait locus in yeast. Nature. 2002;416(6878):326-330.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ben Mahmoud MS, Larrieu N, Pirovano A. Risk Propagation Assessment for Network Security. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
Chishti AS, Alam S, Kiessling SG, eds. Kidney and Urinary Tract Diseases in the Newborn. Springer; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Hasu T, Bagge AH, Haveraaen M. Inferring Required Permissions for Statically Composed Programs. In: Riis Nielson H, Gollmann D, eds. Secure IT Systems: 18th Nordic Conference, NordSec 2013, Ilulissat, Greenland, October 18-21, 2013, Proceedings. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer; 2013:51-66.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics.

Blog post
Taub B. Common Mouthwash Could Potentially Cure Gonorrhoea. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Student and Exchange Visitor Program: DHS Needs to Take Actions to Strengthen Monitoring of Schools. U.S. Government Printing Office; 2012.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Beverley D. Golf as a tool for executive leadership development. Published online 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Genzlinger N, Hale M, Lyons M, Brantley B. Vacation Selections For Trump. New York Times. August 8, 2017:C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics
ISSN (print)0196-206X
ISSN (online)1536-7312

Other styles