How to format your references using the Journal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Brown JR. Climate science: El Niño’s variable history. Nature. 2014;515(7528):494-495.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hemmi JM, Zeil J. Robust judgement of inter-object distance by an arthropod. Nature. 2003;421(6919):160-163.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dong Z, Hoven CW, Rosenfield A. Lessons from the past. Nature. 2005;433(7026):573-574.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Kohara S, Suzuya K, Takeuchi K, et al. Glass formation at the limit of insufficient network formers. Science. 2004;303(5664):1649-1652.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Böhmer E. Dentistry in Rabbits and Rodents. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2015.
An edited book
Gonzalez-Diaz R, Jimenez M-J, Medrano B, eds. Discrete Geometry for Computer Imagery: 17th IAPR International Conference, DGCI 2013, Seville, Spain, March 20-22, 2013. Proceedings. Vol 7749. Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Salehi S, Anwar R, Hassan OH. Incorporation of Canon Lens Polishing Sludge in Stoneware: An Exploratory Study. In: Hassan OH, Abidin SZ, Anwar R, Kamaruzaman MF, eds. Proceedings of the International Symposium on Research of Arts, Design and Humanities (ISRADH 2014). Springer; 2015:31-41.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics.

Blog post
Davis J. The Uncomfortable Truth About The Tiger Trade Ban. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Applying Agreed-Upon Procedures: Fiscal Year 2008 Highway Trust Fund Excise Taxes. U.S. Government Printing Office; 2008.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Eller LS. Social media as avenue for personal learning for educators: Personal learning networks encourage application of knowledge and skills. Published online 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario B, Alter A. Ever Reticent, Nobel Laureate Dylan Maintains Silence. New York Times. October 17, 2016:A16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics
ISSN (print)0196-206X
ISSN (online)1536-7312

Other styles