How to format your references using the Journal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Karsenty G. The complexities of skeletal biology. Nature. 2003;423(6937):316-318.
A journal article with 2 authors
van Opstal EJ, Bordenstein SR. MICROBIOME. Rethinking heritability of the microbiome. Science. 2015;349(6253):1172-1173.
A journal article with 3 authors
Planutis K, Planutiene M, Holcombe RF. A novel signaling pathway regulates colon cancer angiogenesis through Norrin. Sci Rep. 2014;4:5630.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Deng X, Zhang Z, Tang G, Fan Z, Zhu H, Yang C. Edge contact dependent spin transport for n-type doping zigzag-graphene with asymmetric edge hydrogenation. Sci Rep. 2014;4:4038.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Westermeier R. Electrophoresis in Practice. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2004.
An edited book
Moyal A. Phonetic Search Methods for Large Speech Databases. (Aharonson V, Tetariy E, Gishri M, eds.). New York, NY: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Müller SM, Steen E-E, Hein A. Inferring Multi-person Presence in Home Sensor Networks. In: Wichert R, Klausing H, eds. Ambient Assisted Living: 8. AAL-Kongress 2015,Frankfurt/M, April 29-30. April, 2015. Advanced Technologies and Societal Change. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016:47-56.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics.

Blog post
Andrew E. Researchers Discover Vaccine-Resistant Polio Strain. IFLScience. November 2014.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Aviation Safety: Status of Recommendations to Improve FAA’s Certification and Approval Processes. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2013.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sullivan TJ. Molecular Ecology, Disease Ecology, and Candidate Genes for Pathogen Resistance in the Blue Crab Callinectes sapidus. 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
St. John Kelly E. PLAYING IN THE NEIGHBORHOOD. New York Times. March 6, 1994:1314.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics
ISSN (print)0196-206X
ISSN (online)1536-7312

Other styles