How to format your references using the Journal of Destination Marketing & Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Destination Marketing & Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hall, A. (2014). Climate. Projecting regional change. Science (New York, N.Y.), 346(6216), 1461–1462.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bengtson, S., & Budd, G. (2004). Comment on “Small bilaterian fossils from 40 to 55 million years before the Cambrian.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 306(5700), 1291; author reply 1291.
A journal article with 3 authors
Burga, A., Casanueva, M. O., & Lehner, B. (2011). Predicting mutation outcome from early stochastic variation in genetic interaction partners. Nature, 480(7376), 250–253.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Mazloumian, A., Helbing, D., Lozano, S., Light, R. P., & Börner, K. (2013). Global multi-level analysis of the “scientific food web.” Scientific Reports, 3, 1167.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cerroni, L., Gatter, K., & Kerl, H. (2009). Skin Lymphoma: The Illustrated Guide. Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Popescu-Zeletin, R., Jonas, K., Rai, I. A., Glitho, R., & Villafiorita, A. (Eds.). (2012). e-Infrastructure and e-Services for Developing Countries: Third International ICST Conference, AFRICOMM 2011, Zanzibar, Tanzania, November 23-24, 2011, Revised Selected Papers (Vol. 92). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Bruni, V., Ferrara, P., & Vitulano, D. (2008). Color Scratches Removal Using Human Perception. In A. Campilho & M. Kamel (Eds.), Image Analysis and Recognition: 5th International Conference, ICIAR 2008, Póvoa de Varzim, Portugal, June 25-27, 2008. Proceedings (pp. 33–42). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Destination Marketing & Management.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2015, September 9). Killer Whales Surprise Kayakers. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2007). Teacher Quality: Approaches, Implementation, and Evaluation of Key Federal Efforts (GAO-07-861T). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Breckheimer, I. (2012). Mapping habitat quality in conservation’s neglected geography [Doctoral dissertation]. University of North Carolina.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hollander, S. (2002, September 21). With More Ice Time, Cohen Looks Ahead. New York Times, D7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hall, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Bengtson & Budd, 2004; Hall, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bengtson & Budd, 2004)
  • Three authors: (Burga et al., 2011)
  • 6 or more authors: (Mazloumian et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Destination Marketing & Management
ISSN (print)2212-571X
ScopeBusiness and International Management
Strategy and Management

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