How to format your references using the Journal of Destination Marketing & Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Destination Marketing & Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Podos, J. (2001). Correlated evolution of morphology and vocal signal structure in Darwin’s finches. Nature, 409(6817), 185–188.
A journal article with 2 authors
Fedoroff, N., & Fontana, W. (2002). Genetic networks. Small numbers of big molecules. Science (New York, N.Y.), 297(5584), 1129–1131.
A journal article with 3 authors
Qin, Y., Wang, X., & Wang, Z. L. (2008). Microfibre-nanowire hybrid structure for energy scavenging. Nature, 451(7180), 809–813.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Horwitz, G. A., Zhang, K., McBrian, M. A., Grunstein, M., Kurdistani, S. K., & Berk, A. J. (2008). Adenovirus small e1a alters global patterns of histone modification. Science (New York, N.Y.), 321(5892), 1084–1085.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Plantin, J.-C. (2014). Participatory Mapping. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Makhlouf, A., Paal, E., Silvestrov, S. D., & Stolin, A. (Eds.). (2014). Algebra, Geometry and Mathematical Physics: AGMP, Mulhouse, France, October 2011 (Vol. 85). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Baud, I. (2016). Digitisation and Participation in Urban Governance: The Contribution of ICT-Based Spatial Knowledge Management in Indian Cities. In G. M. Gómez & P. Knorringa (Eds.), Local Governance, Economic Development and Institutions (pp. 86–97). Palgrave Macmillan UK.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Destination Marketing & Management.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2015, October 10). One In Eight Children Currently At Risk Of Measles In The U.S. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1990). Aviation Safety: Management Improvement Needed in FAA’s Airworthiness Directive Program (RCED-90-94). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Fearrington, N. D. (2008). The relationship between fathers’ pre -natal involvement with the mother and post -natal involvement with the child(ren) [Doctoral dissertation]. Capella University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Quain, J. R. (2017, March 9). Cars Will Talk to One Another. Exactly How Is Less Certain. New York Times, B4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Podos, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Fedoroff & Fontana, 2002; Podos, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Fedoroff & Fontana, 2002)
  • Three authors: (Qin et al., 2008)
  • 6 or more authors: (Horwitz et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Destination Marketing & Management
ISSN (print)2212-571X
ScopeBusiness and International Management
Strategy and Management

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