How to format your references using the Journal of Destination Marketing & Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Destination Marketing & Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Stern, D. L. (2006). Developmental biology. Morphing into shape. Science (New York, N.Y.), 313(5783), 50–51.
A journal article with 2 authors
Heath, R. J., & Rock, C. O. (2000). A triclosan-resistant bacterial enzyme. Nature, 406(6792), 145–146.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gao, F., Ding, Z., & Meng, S. (2013). Three-dimensional metal-intercalated covalent organic frameworks for near-ambient energy storage. Scientific Reports, 3, 1882.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Fennimore, A. M., Yuzvinsky, T. D., Han, W.-Q., Fuhrer, M. S., Cumings, J., & Zettl, A. (2003). Rotational actuators based on carbon nanotubes. Nature, 424(6947), 408–410.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bower, J. A. (2013). Statistical Methods for Food Science. Oxford, UK: John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
An edited book
Borrione, D. (Ed.). (2010). Advances in Design Methods from Modeling Languages for Embedded Systems and SoC’s: Selected Contributions on Specification, Design, and Verification from FDL 2009 (Vol. 63). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Welfens, P. J. J., Perret, J. K., Irawan, T., & Yushkova, E. (2016). New Indicator Concept. In J. K. Perret, T. Irawan, & E. Yushkova (Eds.), Towards Global Sustainability: Issues, New Indicators and Economic Policy (pp. 47–55). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Destination Marketing & Management.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2014, August 24). Visit Any US National Park Completely Free on Monday. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1998). Department of Labor, Occupational Safety and Health Administration: Powered Industrial Truck Operator Training (No. OGC-99-21). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sitterding, M. C. (2014). Situation awareness and the selection of interruption handling strategies during the medication administration process: A qualitative study (Doctoral dissertation). Indiana University, Bloomington, IN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley, B. (2016, October 14). This Means Something, as Well as Something Else. New York Times, p. C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Stern, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Heath & Rock, 2000; Stern, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Heath & Rock, 2000)
  • Three authors: (Gao, Ding, & Meng, 2013)
  • 6 or more authors: (Fennimore et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Destination Marketing & Management
ISSN (print)2212-571X
ScopeBusiness and International Management
Strategy and Management

Other styles