How to format your references using the Journal of Dermatology & Dermatologic Surgery citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Dermatology & Dermatologic Surgery. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schrope, M., 2001. Criticism mounts as Bush backs out of Kyoto accord. Nature 410, 616.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ju, T., Cummings, R.D., 2005. Protein glycosylation: chaperone mutation in Tn syndrome. Nature 437, 1252.
A journal article with 3 authors
Luo, Z.X., Crompton, A.W., Sun, A.L., 2001. A new mammaliaform from the early Jurassic and evolution of mammalian characteristics. Science 292, 1535–1540.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Aeschbach-Hertig, W., Peeters, F., Beyerle, U., Kipfer, R., 2000. Palaeotemperature reconstruction from noble gases in ground water taking into account equilibration with entrapped air. Nature 405, 1040–1044.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Haas, T.C., 2011. Improving Natural Resource Management. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Cebeci, T., 2005. Analysis of Low-Speed Unsteady Airfoil Flows. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Ortiz, C., 2007. The Private Military Company: An Entity at the Center of Overlapping Spheres of Commercial Activity and Responsibility, in: Jäger, T., Kümmel, G. (Eds.), Private Military and Security Companies: Chances, Problems, Pitfalls and Prospects. VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften, Wiesbaden, pp. 55–68.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Dermatology & Dermatologic Surgery.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2015. Frog Tongues Act Like Sticky Tape [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2004. Transportation-Disadvantaged Seniors: Efforts to Enhance Senior Mobility Could Benefit from Additional Guidance and Information (No. GAO-04-971). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Magnus, J.V., 2017. Female Police Officers: The Influence of a Masculine Culture (Doctoral dissertation). Northcentral University, Scottsdale, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Stone, R.S.R., a partner in the public affairs company of Black, Manafort, Stone, Kelly, Has Worked For, Reagan, Nixon, 1989. How the G.O.P. Can Nail Down the Black Vote. New York Times 123.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Schrope, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Ju and Cummings, 2005; Schrope, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ju and Cummings, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Aeschbach-Hertig et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Dermatology & Dermatologic Surgery
ISSN (print)2352-2410

Other styles