How to format your references using the Journal of Dermatology & Dermatologic Surgery citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Dermatology & Dermatologic Surgery. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Seeman, N., 2015. Use data to challenge mental-health stigma. Nature 528, 309.
A journal article with 2 authors
Levitan, D.R., Ferrell, D.L., 2006. Selection on gamete recognition proteins depends on sex, density, and genotype frequency. Science 312, 267–269.
A journal article with 3 authors
Serreze, M.C., Holland, M.M., Stroeve, J., 2007. Perspectives on the Arctic’s shrinking sea-ice cover. Science 315, 1533–1536.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Dhoot, G.K., Gustafsson, M.K., Ai, X., Sun, W., Standiford, D.M., Emerson, C.P., Jr, 2001. Regulation of Wnt signaling and embryo patterning by an extracellular sulfatase. Science 293, 1663–1666.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Baudin, P., 2014. Wireless Transceiver Architecture. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Bratteli, O., Neshveyev, S., Skau, C. (Eds.), 2006. Operator Algebras: The Abel Symposium 2004, Abel Symposia. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
van Breda, W., Pastor, J., Hoogendoorn, M., Ruwaard, J., Asselbergs, J., Riper, H., 2016. Exploring and Comparing Machine Learning Approaches for Predicting Mood Over Time, in: Chen, Y.-W., Tanaka, S., Howlett, R.J., Jain, L.C. (Eds.), Innovation in Medicine and Healthcare 2016, Smart Innovation, Systems and Technologies. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 37–47.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Dermatology & Dermatologic Surgery.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. SpaceX Falcon 9 Rocket Launches Successfully [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2006. Lessons Learned for Protecting and Educating Children after the Gulf Coast Hurricanes (No. GAO-06-680R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kweider, N.M., 2014. Reading comprehension among Arabic Heritage Language Learners and the Simple View of Reading model (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L., 2006. The Kennedy Factor On the Roberts Court. New York Times 42.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Seeman, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Levitan and Ferrell, 2006; Seeman, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Levitan and Ferrell, 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Dhoot et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Dermatology & Dermatologic Surgery
ISSN (print)2352-2410

Other styles