How to format your references using the Journal of Crohn's and Colitis Supplements citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Crohn's and Colitis Supplements (CROSUP). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schneider R. Climate science: Sea levels from ancient seashells. Nature 2014; 508(7497): 465–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hyde JS., Linn MC. Diversity. Gender similarities in mathematics and science. Science 2006; 314(5799): 599–600.
A journal article with 3 authors
Pelkmans L., Püntener D., Helenius A. Local actin polymerization and dynamin recruitment in SV40-induced internalization of caveolae. Science 2002; 296(5567): 535–9.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Chase-Lansdale PL., Moffitt RA., Lohman BJ., Cherlin AJ., Coley RL., Pittman LD., Roff J., Votruba-Drzal E. Mothers’ transitions from welfare to work and the well-being of preschoolers and adolescents. Science 2003; 299(5612): 1548–52.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rosenbaum J., Pearl J. Investment Banking. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2009.
An edited book
Carr LP. Delivering Results: Managing What Matters. 1st ed. New York, NY: Springer US; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
Crooks AT., Heppenstall AJ. Introduction to Agent-Based Modelling. In: Heppenstall AJ, Crooks AT, See LM, and Batty M, editors. Agent-Based Models of Geographical Systems. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2012. p. 85–105.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Crohn's and Colitis Supplements.

Blog post
Andrew E. Chris Hadfield Performs ‘Space Oddity.’ IFLScience.‘space-oddity’/. [accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Software Capability Evaluation: VA’s Software Development Process Is Immature. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1996.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
O’Byrne SM. Metabolic and pathological role of retinyl esters: The role of lecithin:retinol acyl transferase, (LRAT). Doctoral dissertation, Columbia University, New York, NY, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Von Aue M. A Radical Redo for ‘Madama Butterfly.’ New York Times 2017: C2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Crohn's and Colitis Supplements
ISSN (print)1873-9954
ISSN (online)1876-4460

Other styles