How to format your references using the Journal of Crohn's and Colitis Supplements citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Crohn's and Colitis Supplements (CROSUP). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Berry M. Making waves in physics. Three wave singularities from the miraculous 1830s. Nature 2000; 403(6765): 21.
A journal article with 2 authors
Buckley SA., Evershed RP. Organic chemistry of embalming agents in Pharaonic and Graeco-Roman mummies. Nature 2001; 413(6858): 837–41.
A journal article with 3 authors
Budday S., Raybaud C., Kuhl E. A mechanical model predicts morphological abnormalities in the developing human brain. Sci Rep 2014; 4: 5644.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Rosenthal A., Yaxley GM., Green DH., Hermann J., Kovács I., Spandler C. Continuous eclogite melting and variable refertilisation in upwelling heterogeneous mantle. Sci Rep 2014; 4: 6099.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ferrari ML., Damo UM., Turan A., Sánchez D. Hybrid Systems Based on Solid Oxide Fuel Cells. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2017.
An edited book
Jönson G. Urban Transport Development: A Complex Issue. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
Berlien HP. Classification of Infantile Hemangiomas and Other Congenital Vascular Tumors. In: Mattassi R, Loose DA, and Vaghi M, editors. Hemangiomas and Vascular Malformations: An Atlas of Diagnosis and Treatment. Milano: Springer; 2009. p. 23–34.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Crohn's and Colitis Supplements.

Blog post
Hale T. Intelligence Plays A Major Role In How Good You Are At Chess. IFLScience. [accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Air Traffic Control: FAA Needs to Better Prepare for Impending Wave of Controller Attrition. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2002.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wonnacott CJ. Ambiguity in Theory and Neutrality in Practice: The Allied Intervention and the American Expeditionary Force in Siberia. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University, Washington, DC, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly M. THE 1992 CAMPAIGN: Third-Party Candidate; Perot’s Vision: Consensus by Computer. New York Times 1992: 11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Crohn's and Colitis Supplements
ISSN (print)1873-9954
ISSN (online)1876-4460

Other styles