How to format your references using the Journal of Crohn's and Colitis Supplements citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Crohn's and Colitis Supplements (CROSUP). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Loder N. US science shocked by revelations of sexual discrimination. Nature 2000; 405(6787): 713–4.
A journal article with 2 authors
Eberl G., Littman DR. Thymic origin of intestinal alphabeta T cells revealed by fate mapping of RORgammat+ cells. Science 2004; 305(5681): 248–51.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ekström G., Nettles M., Abers GA. Glacial earthquakes. Science 2003; 302(5645): 622–4.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Tsutsui K-I., Sakata H., Naganuma T., Taira M. Neural correlates for perception of 3D surface orientation from texture gradient. Science 2002; 298(5592): 409–12.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Le Bodic G. Mobile Messaging Technologies and Services. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2005.
An edited book
Block DL. Shrouds of the Night: Masks of the Milky Way and Our Awesome New View of Galaxies. New York, NY: Springer; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
Aleman MM. Impact of TRIPS-Plus Obligations in Economic Partnership- and Free Trade Agreements on International IP Law. In: Drexl J, Grosse Ruse-Khan H, and Nadde-Phlix S, editors. EU Bilateral Trade Agreements and Intellectual Property: For Better or Worse? Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2014. p. 61–85.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Crohn's and Colitis Supplements.

Blog post
Andrew E. Man’s Severed Finger Regrown Using Tissue From A Pig. IFLScience. [accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. FCC: Reallocation of TV Channels 60-69, the 746-806 MHz Band. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1998.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Thompson K. An Introduction to the Cox Proportional Hazards Model and Its Applications to Survival Analysis. Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow K. On Racy Christopher Street, Anxiety Over a Possible BID. New York Times 2002: 147.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,1].
This sentence cites four references [1,1,1,1].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Crohn's and Colitis Supplements
ISSN (print)1873-9954
ISSN (online)1876-4460

Other styles