How to format your references using the Journal of Contemporary Accounting & Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Contemporary Accounting & Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Noctor, G., 2015. PLANT BIOCHEMISTRY. Lighting the fuse on toxic TNT. Science 349, 1052–1053.
A journal article with 2 authors
Howard, J., Hyman, A.A., 2003. Dynamics and mechanics of the microtubule plus end. Nature 422, 753–758.
A journal article with 3 authors
Vergassola, M., Villermaux, E., Shraiman, B.I., 2007. “Infotaxis” as a strategy for searching without gradients. Nature 445, 406–409.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Saito, Y., Takao, H., Tani, T., Nonoyama, T., Takatori, K., Homma, T., Nagaya, T., Nakamura, M., 2004. Lead-free piezoceramics. Nature 432, 84–87.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Shi, Y., Liu, M., Fang, F., 2017. Combined Cooling, Heating, and Power Systems. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Cesare, S., 2012. Software Similarity and Classification, SpringerBriefs in Computer Science. Springer, London.
A chapter in an edited book
Jespers, E., Okniński, J., 2007. Algebras of submonoids of polycyclic-by-finite groups, in: Okniński, J. (Ed.), Noetherian Semigroup Algebras, Algebra and Applications. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 63–115.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Contemporary Accounting & Economics.

Blog post
Davis, J., 2015. Newly Developed 3D Printer Can Print With Ten Different Materials [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1969. Comments on NASA Payment for Apollo 11 Recognition Banquet (No. B-167835). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Evans, B., 2013. An integrated program for homeless adults with co-occurring mental and subtance use disorders: A grant proposal (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cooper, B.M., 2017. The Tailor of 125th Street. New York Times ST1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Noctor, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Howard and Hyman, 2003; Noctor, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Howard and Hyman, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Saito et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Contemporary Accounting & Economics
ISSN (print)1815-5669

Other styles