How to format your references using the Journal of Contemporary Accounting & Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Contemporary Accounting & Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Komarova, N.L., 2015. Cancer: A moving target. Nature 525, 198–199.
A journal article with 2 authors
Chen, Z.-H., Schaap, P., 2012. The prokaryote messenger c-di-GMP triggers stalk cell differentiation in Dictyostelium. Nature 488, 680–683.
A journal article with 3 authors
Thompson, J.K., Peterson, M.R., Freeman, R.D., 2003. Single-neuron activity and tissue oxygenation in the cerebral cortex. Science 299, 1070–1072.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Alexander, D.M., Smail, I., Bauer, F.E., Chapman, S.C., Blain, A.W., Brandt, W.N., Ivison, R.J., 2005. Rapid growth of black holes in massive star-forming galaxies. Nature 434, 738–740.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Reed, S.M., Hrci, 2017. The HRCI Official Body of Knowledge. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Kent, J.A. (Ed.), 2007. Kent and Riegel’s Handbook of Industrial Chemistry and Biotechnology, Eleventh Edition. ed. Springer US, Boston, MA.
A chapter in an edited book
Zhu, M., Xu, X., 2012. A Kind of Mathematic Model of the Porous Gas Diffusion Electrode, in: Zhang, Y. (Ed.), Future Communication, Computing, Control and Management: Volume 2, Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 23–27.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Contemporary Accounting & Economics.

Blog post
Davis, J., 2017. Extinct Giant Elephant Genetics Prove There Are Actually Two Living African Species [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2001. Department of Education: Key Aspects of the Federal Direct Loan Program’s Cost Estimates (No. GAO-01-197). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kuls, M., 2012. Single item versus multiple items: An examination of validity and the impact of mood in measuring constructs (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Burghardt, L.F., 2006. The Legacies They Left. New York Times 14LI6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Komarova, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Chen and Schaap, 2012; Komarova, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Chen and Schaap, 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Alexander et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Contemporary Accounting & Economics
ISSN (print)1815-5669

Other styles