How to format your references using the Journal of Contemporary Accounting & Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Contemporary Accounting & Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bürgmann, R., 2014. Earth science: Warning signs of the Iquique earthquake. Nature 512, 258–259.
A journal article with 2 authors
Schafer, R.J., Moore, T., 2011. Selective attention from voluntary control of neurons in prefrontal cortex. Science 332, 1568–1571.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sheffield, J., Wood, E.F., Roderick, M.L., 2012. Little change in global drought over the past 60 years. Nature 491, 435–438.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Paton, A.W., Beddoe, T., Thorpe, C.M., Whisstock, J.C., Wilce, M.C.J., Rossjohn, J., Talbot, U.M., Paton, J.C., 2006. AB5 subtilase cytotoxin inactivates the endoplasmic reticulum chaperone BiP. Nature 443, 548–552.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Li, R.C.-H., 2008. RF Circuit Design. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Mahrwald, R. (Ed.), 2011. Enantioselective Organocatalyzed Reactions I: Enantioselective Oxidation, Reduction, Functionalization and Desymmetrization. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Kamat, R.K., Shinde, S.A., Shelake, V.G., 2009. Combinational Logic Design, in: Shinde, S.A., Shelake, V.G. (Eds.), Unleash the System On Chip Using FPGAs and Handel C. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 61–79.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Contemporary Accounting & Economics.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. Watch A Bowling Ball And Feather Falling In A Vacuum [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1990. Energy R&D: DOE’s Allocation of Funds for Basic and Applied Research and Development (No. RCED-90-148BR). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kao, C.H., 2012. Community mental health care for Chinese Americans: A grant proposal (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Otis, J., 2017. Student Gains Confidence With Help From an ‘Angel.’ New York Times A20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bürgmann, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Bürgmann, 2014; Schafer and Moore, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Schafer and Moore, 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Paton et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Contemporary Accounting & Economics
ISSN (print)1815-5669

Other styles