How to format your references using the Journal of Clinical & Translational Endocrinology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Clinical & Translational Endocrinology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sachs JD. Seeking a global solution. Nature 2004;430:725–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
Clem RL, Huganir RL. Calcium-permeable AMPA receptor dynamics mediate fear memory erasure. Science 2010;330:1108–12.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gil S, Kott A, Barabási A-L. A genetic epidemiology approach to cyber-security. Sci Rep 2014;4:5659.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Zickfeld K, Fyfe JC, Eby M, Weaver AJ. Comment on “Saturation of the southern ocean CO2 sink due to recent climate change.” Science 2008;319:570; author reply 570.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wiedenmannott W. Industrielle Wasseraufbereitung. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2016.
An edited book
Musazzi S, Perini U, editors. Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy: Theory and Applications. vol. 182. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Ardagna CA, Cremonini M, Damiani E, De Capitani di Vimercati S, Samarati P. Location Privacy Protection Through Obfuscation-Based Techniques. In: Barker S, Ahn G-J, editors. Data and Applications Security XXI: 21st Annual IFIP WG 11.3 Working Conference on Data and Applications Security, Redondo Beach, CA, USA, July 8-11, 2007. Proceedings, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2007, p. 47–60.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Clinical & Translational Endocrinology.

Blog post
Taub B. Zoo Elephants’ Welfare Is More Affected By Social Interaction Than Enclosure Size. IFLScience 2016. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Pipeline Safety: Preliminary Information on the Office of Pipeline Safety’s Actions to Strengthen Its Enforcement Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2004.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hsieh H-C. Self-access center and autonomous learning: EFL college students’ motivations, activities and perceptions of learning effectiveness. Doctoral dissertation. Indiana University, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Dyson ME. Racial Violence on the Screen. New York Times 2017:SR9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Clinical & Translational Endocrinology
AbbreviationJ. Clin. Transl. Endocrinol.
ISSN (print)2214-6237

Other styles