How to format your references using the Journal of Clinical & Translational Endocrinology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Clinical & Translational Endocrinology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pace NR. Time for a change. Nature 2006;441:289.
A journal article with 2 authors
Griffith SC, Montgomerie R. Evolutionary biology: Why do birds engage in extra-pair copulation? Nature 2003;422:833; discussion 833-4.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mochizuki K, Matsumoto M, Ohmine I. Defect pair separation as the controlling step in homogeneous ice melting. Nature 2013;498:350–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Rietkerk M, Dekker SC, de Ruiter PC, van de Koppel J. Self-organized patchiness and catastrophic shifts in ecosystems. Science 2004;305:1926–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chan NH. Time Series: Applications to Finance with R and S-Plus®. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
Hakeem KR, Akhtar J, Sabir M, editors. Soil Science: Agricultural and Environmental Prospectives. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Saeki T, Kawano M. Does IgG4-Related Disease Have an Autoimmune Basis? In: Saito T, Stone JH, Nakashima H, Saeki T, Kawano M, editors. IgG4-Related Kidney Disease, Tokyo: Springer Japan; 2016, p. 55–63.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Clinical & Translational Endocrinology.

Blog post
Fang J. 3D Cancer Vaccine Recruits Infection-Fighting Cells. IFLScience 2014. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Child Support Enforcement: Leadership Essential to Implementing Effective Automated Systems. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1997.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nuñez EM. Getting H.I.P. with First-Generation College Students: Decolonizing the High Impact Practice Movement. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly K. Where Mu sic: Will Be Coming From. New York Times 2002:629.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Clinical & Translational Endocrinology
AbbreviationJ. Clin. Transl. Endocrinol.
ISSN (print)2214-6237

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