How to format your references using the Journal of Clinical & Translational Endocrinology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Clinical & Translational Endocrinology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hanushek EA. Education. Building on No Child Left Behind. Science 2009;326:802–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
Chaffer CL, Weinberg RA. A perspective on cancer cell metastasis. Science 2011;331:1559–64.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kaeberlein T, Lewis K, Epstein SS. Isolating “uncultivable” microorganisms in pure culture in a simulated natural environment. Science 2002;296:1127–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Shahmoon A, Aharon S, Kruchik O, Hohmann M, Slovin H, Douplik A, et al. In vivo minimally invasive interstitial multi-functional microendoscopy. Sci Rep 2013;3:1805.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pardoux É. Markov Processes and Applications: Algorithms, Networks, Genome and Finance. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2008.
An edited book
Roth W-M, Radford L, editors. A Cultural-Historical Perspective on Mathematics Teaching and Learning. vol. 2. Rotterdam: SensePublishers; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
Ghizzardi S, Molendi S, Rossetti M, Leccardi A. Cold Fronts in Cool Core Clusters. In: Böhringer H, Pratt GW, Finoguenov A, Schuecker P, editors. Heating versus Cooling in Galaxies and Clusters of Galaxies: Proceedings of the MPA/ESO/MPE/USM Joint Astronomy Conference held in Garching, Germany, 6-11 August 2006, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2007, p. 33–8.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Clinical & Translational Endocrinology.

Blog post
Andrews R. Babies Have An Innate Sense Of Heroic Justice. IFLScience 2017. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Analysis of NASA’s Supplemental FY 1979 Budget Request. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1979.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Maffia R. Image matters: Then and now in televisions’ depiction of African Americans. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rothenberg B. Djokovic Keeps Title Defense Alive, but Not Without an Early Scare. New York Times 2017:D3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Clinical & Translational Endocrinology
AbbreviationJ. Clin. Transl. Endocrinol.
ISSN (print)2214-6237

Other styles