How to format your references using the Journal of Clinical & Translational Endocrinology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Clinical & Translational Endocrinology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hedges R. Archaeological verification: Puzzling out the past. Nature 2003;422:667.
A journal article with 2 authors
Liston C, Kagan J. Brain development: memory enhancement in early childhood. Nature 2002;419:896.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hunt GR, Corballis MC, Gray RD. Animal behaviour: Laterality in tool manufacture by crows. Nature 2001;414:707.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Strom RG, Malhotra R, Ito T, Yoshida F, Kring DA. The origin of planetary impactors in the inner solar system. Science 2005;309:1847–50.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pohl J. Building Science. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Publishing Ltd.; 2011.
An edited book
Furnell S, Katsikas SK, Lioy A, editors. Trust, Privacy and Security in Digital Business: 5th International Conference, TrustBus 2008 Turin, Italy, September 4-5, 2008 Proceedings. vol. 5185. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
Yi H, Tian X. A Study to Neuron Ensemble of Cognitive Cortex ISI Coding Represent Stimulus. In: Zhang L, Lu B-L, Kwok J, editors. Advances in Neural Networks - ISNN 2010: 7th International Symposium on Neural Networks, ISNN 2010, Shanghai, China, June 6-9, 2010, Proceedings, Part I, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010, p. 27–32.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Clinical & Translational Endocrinology.

Blog post
Fang J. Just One Antibiotic Treatment Can Alter Your Gut Microbiome For A Year. IFLScience 2015. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Privacy Data: The Data Encryption Standard Provides Valuable Protection. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1987.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rudoy SI. Developing a model for understanding mindfulness as a potential intervention for obsessive-compulsive disorder. Doctoral dissertation. Pepperdine University, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard M. Pick a Pocket, Any Pocket. New York Times 2010:E6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Clinical & Translational Endocrinology
AbbreviationJ. Clin. Transl. Endocrinol.
ISSN (print)2214-6237

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