How to format your references using the Journal of Chemical & Engineering Data citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Chemical & Engineering Data. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Currey, J. D. Materials Science. Hierarchies in Biomineral Structures. Science 2005, 309 (5732), 253–254.
A journal article with 2 authors
Li, Y.; Sun, Q. The Superior Catalytic CO Oxidation Capacity of a Cr-Phthalocyanine Porous Sheet. Sci. Rep. 2014, 4, 4098.
A journal article with 3 authors
Aharonian, F. A.; Bogovalov, S. V.; Khangulyan, D. Abrupt Acceleration of a “cold” Ultrarelativistic Wind from the Crab Pulsar. Nature 2012, 482 (7386), 507–509.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Hapfelmeier, S.; Lawson, M. A. E.; Slack, E.; Kirundi, J. K.; Stoel, M.; Heikenwalder, M.; Cahenzli, J.; Velykoredko, Y.; Balmer, M. L.; Endt, K.; et al. Reversible Microbial Colonization of Germ-Free Mice Reveals the Dynamics of IgA Immune Responses. Science 2010, 328 (5986), 1705–1709.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chiasson, A. D. Geothermal Heat Pump and Heat Engine Systems; John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK, 2016.
An edited book
Dokken, T. Computational Methods for Algebraic Spline Surfaces: ESF Exploratory Workshop; Jüttler, B., Ed.; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
Pearson, G. Characteristics of Pre-College Engineering Education in the United States. In Pre-university Engineering Education; Vries, M. J. de, Gumaelius, L., Skogh, I.-B., Eds.; SensePublishers: Rotterdam, 2016; pp 65–79.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Chemical & Engineering Data.

Blog post
Andrew, D. 7 Myths About How To Stay In Shape (accessed Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Space Transportation: Challenges Facing NASA’s Space Launch Initiative; GAO-02-1020; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2002.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Glassett Farrelly, S. Understanding Alternative Education: A Mixed Methods Examination of Student Experiences. Doctoral dissertation, University of California San Diego: La Jolla, CA, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Lee, L. Coziness, With Good Lines. New York Times. October 18, 2007, p F3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Chemical & Engineering Data
AbbreviationJ. Chem. Eng. Data
ISSN (print)0021-9568
ISSN (online)1520-5134
ScopeGeneral Chemical Engineering
General Chemistry

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