How to format your references using the Journal of Chemical & Engineering Data citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Chemical & Engineering Data. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schmollinger, J. Equal Opportunities. Nature 2002, 417 (6891), 5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gundersen, G. G.; Bretscher, A. Cell Biology. Microtubule Asymmetry. Science 2003, 300 (5628), 2040–2041.
A journal article with 3 authors
MacAlister, C. A.; Ohashi-Ito, K.; Bergmann, D. C. Transcription Factor Control of Asymmetric Cell Divisions That Establish the Stomatal Lineage. Nature 2007, 445 (7127), 537–540.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Anderson, W. A.; Banerjee, U.; Drennan, C. L.; Elgin, S. C. R.; Epstein, I. R.; Handelsman, J.; Hatfull, G. F.; Losick, R.; O’Dowd, D. K.; Olivera, B. M.; Strobel, S. A.; Walker, G. C.; Warner, I. M. Science Education. Changing the Culture of Science Education at Research Universities. Science 2011, 331 (6014), 152–153.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
O’Connor, K.; Aardema, F.; Pélissier, M.-C. Beyond Reasonable Doubt; John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK, 2006.
An edited book
Investment Management: A Modern Guide to Security Analysis and Stock Selection; Krishnamurti, C., Vishwanath, R., Eds.; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
McNeile, A.; Roubtsova, E. Aspect-Oriented Development Using Protocol Modeling. In Transactions on Aspect-Oriented Software Development VII: A Common Case Study for Aspect-Oriented Modeling; Katz, S., Mezini, M., Kienzle, J., Eds.; Hutchison, D., Kanade, T., Kittler, J., Kleinberg, J. M., Mattern, F., Mitchell, J. C., Naor, M., Nierstrasz, O., Pandu Rangan, C., Steffen, B., Sudan, M., Terzopoulos, D., Tygar, D., Vardi, M. Y., Weikum, G., Series Eds.; Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2010; pp 115–150.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Chemical & Engineering Data.

Blog post
Hamilton, K. This Tool Sends You An Alert When Your Data Is Leaked Online (accessed Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Education Information: Changes in Funds and Priorities Have Affected Production and Quality; PEMD-88-4; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1987.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mylonas, A. “Women Are the Pillars of the Family”: Athenian Women’s Survival Strategies during Economic Crisis. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Clarey, C. Wawrinka Solves Familiar Riddle. New York Times. September 12, 2016, p D1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Chemical & Engineering Data
AbbreviationJ. Chem. Eng. Data
ISSN (print)0021-9568
ISSN (online)1520-5134
ScopeGeneral Chemical Engineering
General Chemistry

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