How to format your references using the Journal of Chemical & Engineering Data citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Chemical & Engineering Data (J. Chem. Eng. Data). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gleick, P. H. Soft Water Paths. Nature 2002, 418 (6896), 373.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mangalam, M.; Karve, S. M. ANIMAL COGNITION. Comment on “Number-Space Mapping in the Newborn Chick Resembles Humans’’ Mental Number Line".” Science 2015, 348 (6242), 1438.
A journal article with 3 authors
Czaplicka, A.; Holyst, J. A.; Sloot, P. M. A. Noise Enhances Information Transfer in Hierarchical Networks. Sci. Rep. 2013, 3, 1223.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Pangala, S. R.; Enrich-Prast, A.; Basso, L. S.; Peixoto, R. B.; Bastviken, D.; Hornibrook, E. R. C.; Gatti, L. V.; Marotta, H.; Calazans, L. S. B.; Sakuragui, C. M.; et al. Erratum: Large Emissions from Floodplain Trees Close the Amazon Methane Budget. Nature 2018, 553 (7688), 366.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gasch, A.; Gasch, B. Successfully Choosing Your EMR; Wiley-Blackwell: Oxford, UK, 2010.
An edited book
CO2: A Valuable Source of Carbon; Falco, M. D., Iaquaniello, G., Centi, G., Eds.; Green Energy and Technology; Springer: London, 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
DeMott, D. A. Restatements and Non-State Codifications of Private Law. In Codification in International Perspective: Selected Papers from the 2nd IACL Thematic Conference; Wang, W.-Y., Ed.; Ius Comparatum - Global Studies in Comparative Law; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2014; pp 75–90.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Chemical & Engineering Data.

Blog post
Andrews, R. A Long-Lost Dark Age Kingdom Has Been Rediscovered In Scotland (accessed Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Embedded Computer Systems: C-17 Software Development Problems; T-IMTEC-92-17; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1992.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Alaiyegbami, A. O. Porescale Investigation of Gas Shales Reservoir Description by Comparing the Barnett, Mancos, and Marcellus Formation. Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana: Lafayette, LA, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Lehman, S. A Times Reporter Gets a Surprise Trip to Prison. New York Times. March 29, 2017, p A2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Chemical & Engineering Data
AbbreviationJ. Chem. Eng. Data
ISSN (print)0021-9568
ISSN (online)1520-5134
ScopeGeneral Chemical Engineering
General Chemistry

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