How to format your references using the Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow & Metabolism citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow & Metabolism. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Eisenstein M. Personalized medicine: Special treatment. Nature 2014; 513: S8-9.
A journal article with 2 authors
Charbonneau P, Smolarkiewicz PK. Astronomy. Modeling the solar dynamo. Science 2013; 340: 42–43.
A journal article with 3 authors
Baksh MM, Jaros M, Groves JT. Detection of molecular interactions at membrane surfaces through colloid phase transitions. Nature 2004; 427: 139–141.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Vasefi F, MacKinnon N, Saager RB, Durkin AJ, Chave R, Lindsley EH et al. Polarization-sensitive hyperspectral imaging in vivo: a multimode dermoscope for skin analysis. Sci Rep 2014; 4: 4924.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Santamarina JC, Fratta D. Discrete Signals and Inverse Problems. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK, 2006.
An edited book
Baldoni M, Son TC, Riemsdijk MB van, Winikoff M (eds.). Declarative Agent Languages and Technologies V: 5th International Workshop, DALT 2007, Honolulu, HI, USA, May 14, 2007, Revised Selected and Invited Papers. Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
Padmanabhan J, Keshavan MS. Pathophysiology of Schizophrenia. In: Janicak PG, Marder SR, Tandon R, Goldman M (eds). Schizophrenia: Recent Advances in Diagnosis and Treatment. Springer: New York, NY, 2014, pp 35–57.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow & Metabolism.

Blog post
Andrew E. How Your Parent’s Environment Can Affect Your DNA. IFLScience. 2015. (accessed 30 Oct2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Civil Agencies Information Systems Issue Area: Active Assignments. U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1998.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Albrinck BM. An Exploratory Study of Urban Transportation and Air Quality Issues Using CO as an Indicator. 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Risen J, Fink S. Pentagon Unit Considered Establishing a Secret Overseas Prison. New York Times. 2017; : A19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Cerebral Blood Flow & Metabolism
AbbreviationJ. Cereb. Blood Flow Metab.
ISSN (print)0271-678X
ISSN (online)1559-7016
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
Clinical Neurology

Other styles