How to format your references using the Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow & Metabolism citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow & Metabolism. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Diamandis EP. Getting noticed is half the battle. Science 2015; 349: 206.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sarda P, Guillot B. Breaking of Henry’s law for noble gas and CO2 solubility in silicate melt under pressure. Nature 2005; 436: 95–98.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hansell DA, Kadko D, Bates NR. Degradation of terrigenous dissolved organic carbon in the western Arctic Ocean. Science 2004; 304: 858–861.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Dar MH, de Janvry A, Emerick K, Raitzer D, Sadoulet E. Flood-tolerant rice reduces yield variability and raises expected yield, differentially benefitting socially disadvantaged groups. Sci Rep 2013; 3: 3315.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sutt J, Lill I, Müürsepp O. The Engineer’s Manual of Construction Site Planning. John Wiley & Sons: Oxford, 2013.
An edited book
Wong PTP, Wong LCJ (eds.). Handbook of Multicultural Perspectives on Stress and Coping. Springer US: Boston, MA, 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
Chen G, Bui TD, Krzyzak A. Denoising of Three Dimensional Data Cube Using Bivariate Wavelet Shrinking. In: Campilho A, Kamel M (eds). Image Analysis and Recognition: 7th International Conference, ICIAR 2010, Póvoa de Varzim, Portugal, June 21-23, 2010. Proceedings, Part I. Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2010, pp 45–51.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow & Metabolism.

Blog post
Andrew E. Could There be Life on the Philae Comet? IFLScience. 2015. (accessed 30 Oct2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Meeting the Aging Aircraft Challenge: Status and Opportunities. U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1989.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Reese SR. Transitioning to the oboe: Methods and resources to assist in switching to the oboe from other woodwind instruments. 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
St. John Kelly E. Patrons Root for the Return of the ‘Cheers’ of Clinton Street. New York Times. 1998; : 147.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Cerebral Blood Flow & Metabolism
AbbreviationJ. Cereb. Blood Flow Metab.
ISSN (print)0271-678X
ISSN (online)1559-7016
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
Clinical Neurology

Other styles