How to format your references using the Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow & Metabolism citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow & Metabolism. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Falkowski PG. Evolution. Tracing oxygen’s imprint on earth’s metabolic evolution. Science 2006; 311: 1724–1725.
A journal article with 2 authors
Beveridge C, Morris S. Order of merit. Nature 2007; 448: 508.
A journal article with 3 authors
Abramson J, Paz A, Philipson KD. Structural biology. It’s all in the symmetry. Science 2012; 335: 669–670.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Piel M, Nordberg J, Euteneuer U, Bornens M. Centrosome-dependent exit of cytokinesis in animal cells. Science 2001; 291: 1550–1553.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Behme S. Manufacturing of Pharmaceutical Proteins. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA: Weinheim, Germany, 2015.
An edited book
Schlichter T, Montes L (eds.). Forests in Development: A Vital Balance. Springer Netherlands: Dordrecht, 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
Ribatti D, Crivellato E. Tumour Angiogenesis. In: Crivellato E (ed). Mast Cells and Tumours: from Biology to Clinic. Springer Netherlands: Dordrecht, 2011, pp 67–81.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow & Metabolism.

Blog post
Andrews R. Scientists Discover Plants Have ‘Brains’ That Determine When They Grow. IFLScience. 2017. (accessed 30 Oct2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Federal Aviation Administration: Efforts to Hire, Staff, and Train Air Traffic Controllers Are Generally on Track, but Challenges Remain. U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2008.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Curry M. Students’ perceptions of entrepreneurship at a historically black university in central Mississippi. 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney K. Order at the Court. New York Times. 2007; : 14NJ19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Cerebral Blood Flow & Metabolism
AbbreviationJ. Cereb. Blood Flow Metab.
ISSN (print)0271-678X
ISSN (online)1559-7016
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
Clinical Neurology

Other styles