How to format your references using the Journal of Cataract & Refractive Surgery citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Cataract & Refractive Surgery. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Eisenstein M. Microarrays: quality control. Nature. 2006;442(7106):1067-1070.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Canadell JG, Raupach MR. Managing forests for climate change mitigation. Science. 2008;320(5882):1456-1457.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Ellis AS, Johnson TM, Bullen TD. Chromium isotopes and the fate of hexavalent chromium in the environment. Science. 2002;295(5562):2060-2062.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Huang Y, Street-Perrott FA, Metcalfe SE, Brenner M, Moreland M, Freeman KH. Climate change as the dominant control on glacial-interglacial variations in C3 and C4 plant abundance. Science. 2001;293(5535):1647-1651.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Staebler P. Human Exposure to Electromagnetic Fields. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2017.
An edited book
1.
Bouvry P, Kłopotek MA, Leprévost F, Marciniak M, Mykowiecka A, Rybiński H, eds. Security and Intelligent Information Systems: International Joint Conferences, SIIS 2011, Warsaw, Poland, June 13-14, 2011, Revised Selected Papers. Vol 7053. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Chen JL, Colgan TD, Walton KL, Gregorevic P, Harrison CA. The TGF-β Signalling Network in Muscle Development, Adaptation and Disease. In: White J, Smythe G, eds. Growth Factors and Cytokines in Skeletal Muscle Development, Growth, Regeneration and Disease. Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016:97-131.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Cataract & Refractive Surgery.

Blog post
1.
Fang J. Court Recognizes Chimpanzees As Legal Persons. IFLScience.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Opportunities To Fully Integrate Environmental Research and Development into Developing Energy Technologies. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1978.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Liang C-C. Fate of bacterial and viral indicators in an advanced wastewater treatment plant. 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Hodgman J. Bonus Advice From Judge John Hodgman. New York Times. August 18, 2017:MM20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Cataract & Refractive Surgery
AbbreviationJ. Cataract Refract. Surg.
ISSN (print)0886-3350
ISSN (online)1873-4502
ScopeOphthalmology
Surgery
Sensory Systems

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