How to format your references using the Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology & Therapeutics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology & Therapeutics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Manchester RN. Observational properties of pulsars. Science. 2004;304(5670):542-546.
A journal article with 2 authors
Franchi L, Núñez G. Immunology. Orchestrating inflammasomes. Science. 2012;337(6100):1299-1300.
A journal article with 3 authors
Brown T, Sibbett W, Wright EM. Laser physics. Getting to grips with light. Science. 2001;293(5533):1265-1267.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Breitbach CJ, Burke J, Jonker D, et al. Intravenous delivery of a multi-mechanistic cancer-targeted oncolytic poxvirus in humans. Nature. 2011;477(7362):99-102.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Derbyshire E. Nutrition in the Childbearing Years. Chichester, West Sussex, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.; 2011.
An edited book
Grigoriev YN. Symmetries of Integro-Differential Equations: With Applications in Mechanics and Plasma Physics. Vol 806. (Ibragimov NH, Kovalev VF, Meleshko SV, eds.). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
Walsh F. Community-Based Practice Applications of a Family Resilience Framework. In: Becvar DS, ed. Handbook of Family Resilience. New York, NY: Springer; 2013:65-82.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology & Therapeutics.

Blog post
Taub B. Gay Beetles Have More Fertile Sisters. IFLScience. Published May 15, 2016. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Space Station: NASA’s Software Development Approach Increases Safety and Cost Risks. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1992.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wellman TE. Employment Discrimination against Military Spouses: Illegal Contrary to Popular Belief and Practice. 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt) SK. World Briefing | Europe: Russia: Saving Sturgeon, And Caviar. New York Times. January 5, 2002:A4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology & Therapeutics
AbbreviationJ. Cardiovasc. Pharmacol. Ther.
ISSN (print)1074-2484
ISSN (online)1940-4034
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
Pharmacology (medical)

Other styles