How to format your references using the Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology & Therapeutics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology & Therapeutics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Johnson SC. Translational Medicine. A target for pharmacological intervention in an untreatable human disease. Science. 2014;346(6214):1192.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mishra SK, Hoon MA. The cells and circuitry for itch responses in mice. Science. 2013;340(6135):968-971.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mancini G, Ferrari PF, Palagi E. Rapid facial mimicry in geladas. Sci Rep. 2013;3:1527.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Jiang Y, Choi WH, Lee JH, et al. A neurostimulant para-chloroamphetamine inhibits the arginylation branch of the N-end rule pathway. Sci Rep. 2014;4:6344.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Guillaume P. Music and Acoustics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2006.
An edited book
Farage MA, Miller KW, Maibach HI, eds. Textbook of Aging Skin. Springer; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
Souma W, Fujiwara Y, Aoyama H. Heterogeneous Economic Networks. In: Namatame A, Kaizouji T, Aruka Y, eds. The Complex Networks of Economic Interactions: Essays in Agent-Based Economics and Econophysics. Lecture Notes in Economics and Mathematical Systems. Springer; 2006:79-92.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology & Therapeutics.

Blog post
Andrew E. Iris Scanners Can Now Identify Us From 40 Feet Away. IFLScience. Published May 26, 2015. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Spectrum Management: FCC’s Use and Enforcement of Buildout Requirements. U.S. Government Printing Office; 2014.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Weir B. The transfer of momentum from waves to currents due to wave breaking. Published online 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shpigel B. Season Over, the Rangers Are Left to Consider What Might Have Been. New York Times. May 10, 2017:B13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology & Therapeutics
AbbreviationJ. Cardiovasc. Pharmacol. Ther.
ISSN (print)1074-2484
ISSN (online)1940-4034
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
Pharmacology (medical)

Other styles