How to format your references using the Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology & Therapeutics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology & Therapeutics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Berendsen HJ. Bioinformatics. Reality simulation--observe while it happens. Science. 2001;294(5550):2304-2305.
A journal article with 2 authors
Liu J, Yang W. Water management. Water sustainability for China and beyond. Science. 2012;337(6095):649-650.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lukens JM, Leaird DE, Weiner AM. A temporal cloak at telecommunication data rate. Nature. 2013;498(7453):205-208.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Workman CT, Mak HC, McCuine S, et al. A systems approach to mapping DNA damage response pathways. Science. 2006;312(5776):1054-1059.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Goodman AH. Rehabilitating and Resettling Offenders in the Community. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2012.
An edited book
Aliev RA. Type-2 Fuzzy Neural Networks and Their Applications. (Guirimov BG, ed.). Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Gordon DL. Meningitis and Encephalitis. In: Schuller M, Sloots TP, James GS, Halliday CL, Carter IWJ, eds. PCR for Clinical Microbiology: An Australian and International Perspective. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2010:63-66.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology & Therapeutics.

Blog post
Andrew E. Could The Pill Save The Polar Bear? IFLScience. Published July 13, 2015. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Federal Agencies’ Actions To Implement Section 11 of the Stevenson-Wydler Technology Innovation Act of 1980. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1984.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
McCoy N. Functionality Evaluation of the Wave Suppressor and Sediment Collection (WSSC) System: Wave Reduction, Sediment Collection, Mathematical Model, and Preliminary Field Evaluation. 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L. Case of the Dwindling Docket Mystifies the Supreme Court. New York Times. December 7, 2006:A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology & Therapeutics
AbbreviationJ. Cardiovasc. Pharmacol. Ther.
ISSN (print)1074-2484
ISSN (online)1940-4034
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
Pharmacology (medical)

Other styles