How to format your references using the Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology & Therapeutics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology & Therapeutics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Check E. Biomedical funding remains flat. Nature. 2006;439(7077):644.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wentz FJ, Ricciardulli L. Comment on “Global trends in wind speed and wave height.” Science. 2011;334(6058):905; author reply 905.
A journal article with 3 authors
Li X, Roberti R, Blobel G. Structure of an integral membrane sterol reductase from Methylomicrobium alcaliphilum. Nature. 2015;517(7532):104-107.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Thibault-Starzyk F, Seguin E, Thomas S, Daturi M, Arnolds H, King DA. Real-time infrared detection of cyanide flip on silver-alumina NOx removal catalyst. Science. 2009;324(5930):1048-1051.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hahn-Deinstrop E. Dünnschicht-Chromatographie. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2006.
An edited book
Klein J. Solitude of a Humble Genius - Gregor Johann Mendel: Volume 1: Formative Years. (Klein N, ed.). Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Bandyopadhyay B, Deepak F, Kim K-S. An Improvement in Performance of Input-Delay System Using Nonlinear Sliding Surface. In: Deepak F, Kim K-S, eds. Sliding Mode Control Using Novel Sliding Surfaces. Lecture Notes in Control and Information Sciences. Springer; 2009:65-81.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology & Therapeutics.

Blog post
Carpineti A. Watch An Entire Lake Disappear Down A Hole. IFLScience. Published May 7, 2016. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Healthcare.Gov: Information Security and Privacy Controls Should Be Enhanced to Address Weaknesses. U.S. Government Printing Office; 2014.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kafi W. The effects of patient demographic variables on cesarean section-related surgical site infection rates. Published online 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sophia Kishkovsky; Compiled by. Arts, Briefly; Rostropovich Quits Moscow Opera. New York Times. November 30, 2005:E2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology & Therapeutics
AbbreviationJ. Cardiovasc. Pharmacol. Ther.
ISSN (print)1074-2484
ISSN (online)1940-4034
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
Pharmacology (medical)

Other styles