How to format your references using the Journal of Business & Economic Statistics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Business & Economic Statistics (JBES). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ibáñez Insa, J. (2013), “Geochemistry. Reformulating table salt under pressure,” Science (New York, N.Y.), 342, 1459–1460.
A journal article with 2 authors
Liu, H., and Cheng, L. (2015), “Cryo-EM shows the polymerase structures and a nonspooled genome within a dsRNA virus,” Science (New York, N.Y.), 349, 1347–1350.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zou, H., Zindler, A., and Niu, Y. (2002), “Constraints on melt movement beneath the East Pacific Rise from 230Th-238U disequilibrium,” Science (New York, N.Y.), 295, 107–110.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Alabi, A. A., Bahamonde, M. I., Jung, H. J., Kim, J. I., and Swartz, K. J. (2007), “Portability of paddle motif function and pharmacology in voltage sensors,” Nature, 450, 370–375.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ziska, L. H., and Dukes, J. S. (2010), Weed Biology and Climate Change, Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Piccart, M. J., Hung, M.-C., Solin, L. J., Cardoso, F., and Wood, W. C. (eds.) (2006), Breast Cancer and Molecular Medicine, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Oue, H., and Limin, S. G. (2016), “Local-Level Water Conservation Assessment in the Upstream Watershed Based on Land-Use Scenarios,” in Sustainable Water Management: New Perspectives, Design, and Practices, eds. K. Nakagami, J. Kubota, and B. I. Setiawan, Singapore: Springer, pp. 53–64.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Business & Economic Statistics.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014), “Bad News, Arachnophobes: All Adults Have Facial Mites,” IFLScience, IFLScience, Available at


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1979), What Assurance Does Office of Education’s Eligibility Process Provide?, Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Binney, I. (2014), “Registered Nurses’ Perceptions of Work Engagement and Turnover Intentions in a Long-Term Care Facility: A Case Study,” Doctoral dissertation, Scottsdale, AZ: Northcentral University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, L. (2006), “On the Home Lawn, Where Alligators Roam,” New York Times, 14LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ibáñez Insa 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Ibáñez Insa 2013; Liu and Cheng 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Liu and Cheng 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Alabi et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Business & Economic Statistics
AbbreviationJ. Bus. Econ. Stat.
ISSN (print)0735-0015
ISSN (online)1537-2707
ScopeStatistics, Probability and Uncertainty
Economics and Econometrics
Statistics and Probability
Social Sciences (miscellaneous)

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