How to format your references using the Journal of Burn Care & Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Burn Care & Research (JBCR). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fauci AS. 25 years of HIV. Nature. 2008;453(7193):289-290.
A journal article with 2 authors
Harms MJ, Thornton JW. Historical contingency and its biophysical basis in glucocorticoid receptor evolution. Nature. 2014;512(7513):203-207.
A journal article with 3 authors
Polat EO, Balcı O, Kocabas C. Graphene based flexible electrochromic devices. Sci Rep. 2014;4:6484.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Sang Y, Wang B, Wang Q, et al. Insights into the electrocatalysis of nitrobenzene using chemically-modified carbon nanotube electrodes. Sci Rep. 2014;4:6321.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Estopinal SV, Lathrop W. Professional Surveyors and Real Property Descriptions. Hoboken, New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
Nagel WE, Jäger W, Resch M, eds. High Performance Computing in Science and Engineering ’06: Transactions of the High Performance Computing Center Stuttgart (HLRS) 2006. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
Brown JJ, Glenn EP, Smith SE. Feasibility of Halophyte Domestication for High-Salinity Agriculture. In: Khan MA, Böer B, Öztürk M, et al., eds. Sabkha Ecosystems: Volume IV: Cash Crop Halophyte and Biodiversity Conservation. Tasks for Vegetation Science. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2014:73-80.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Burn Care & Research.

Blog post
Andrew E. Hybrid Solar Eclipse on 3 November 2013. IFLScience. 2013. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Telecommunications and Information Technology: Federal Programs That Can Be Used to Fund Technology for Schools and Libraries. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1998.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Canetta SE. Type III Neuregulin1 Signaling in Peripheral Sensory Neurons Affects Thermal Pain Sensation and Hyperalgesia. 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner J. Mets Collapse Again Under the Weight of Their Pitching Dysfunction. New York Times. May 14, 2017:SP3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Burn Care & Research
AbbreviationJ. Burn Care Res.
ISSN (print)1559-047X
ISSN (online)1559-0488
ScopeEmergency Medicine

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