How to format your references using the Journal of Burn Care & Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Burn Care & Research (JBCR). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kirshner R. John Huchra (1948-2010). Nature. 2010;468(7321):174.
A journal article with 2 authors
Clayton J, Butler D. The long and winding road. Nature. 2004;430(7002):937.
A journal article with 3 authors
Huang S, Pollack HN, Shen PY. Temperature trends over the past five centuries reconstructed from borehole temperatures. Nature. 2000;403(6771):756-758.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Dezawa M, Ishikawa H, Itokazu Y, et al. Bone marrow stromal cells generate muscle cells and repair muscle degeneration. Science. 2005;309(5732):314-317.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hallberg MC. Economic Trends in U.S. Agriculture and Food Systems Since World War II. Ames, Iowa, USA: Iowa State University Press; 2008.
An edited book
Linghu E, ed. Therapeutics of Digestive Endoscopic Tunnel Technique. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Lee W. Structural Engineering of Porous Anodic Aluminum Oxide (AAO) and Applications. In: Losic D, Santos A, eds. Nanoporous Alumina: Fabrication, Structure, Properties and Applications. Springer Series in Materials Science. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015:107-153.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Burn Care & Research.

Blog post
Andrew D. Why Artificial Intelligence Could Be Key To Future-Proofing The Grid. IFLScience. 2017. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. NASA: Enhanced Use Leasing Program Needs Additional Controls. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2007.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Van Exel LM. Applying database refactoring techniques to procedural SQL. 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Chavez L. Fellow Republicans, Open Your Doors. New York Times. November 17, 2005:A31.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Burn Care & Research
AbbreviationJ. Burn Care Res.
ISSN (print)1559-047X
ISSN (online)1559-0488
ScopeEmergency Medicine

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