How to format your references using the Journal of Bodywork & Movement Therapies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Bodywork & Movement Therapies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hendrickson, W.A., 2013. Jerome Karle (1918-2013). Nature 499, 410.
A journal article with 2 authors
Horvath, P., Barrangou, R., 2010. CRISPR/Cas, the immune system of bacteria and archaea. Science 327, 167–170.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lee, A., Dennis, C., Campbell, P., 2007. Nature’s guide for mentors. Nature 447, 791–797.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Yeh, S.-W., Kug, J.-S., Dewitte, B., Kwon, M.-H., Kirtman, B.P., Jin, F.-F., 2009. El Niño in a changing climate. Nature 461, 511–514.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pinoli, J.-C., 2014. Mathematical Foundations of Image Processing and Analysis 1. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Rotkin, S.V., Subramoney, S. (Eds.), 2005. Applied Physics of Carbon Nanotubes: Fundamentals of Theory, Optics and Transport Devices, NanoScience and Technology. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Chisum, W.J., 2011. Crime Reconstruction and Evidence Dynamics, in: Mozayani, A., Noziglia, C. (Eds.), The Forensic Laboratory Handbook Procedures and Practice. Humana Press, Totowa, NJ, pp. 105–122.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Bodywork & Movement Therapies.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2014. Tiniest Insect Genome Sequenced [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2001. Business Systems Modernization: IRS Has Satisfied Congressional Direction on the Custodial Accounting Project (No. GAO-01-444R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Packer, C.D., 2013. School Referenda and Ohio Department of Education Typologies: An Investigation of the Outcomes of First Attempt School Operating Levies from 2002–2010 (Doctoral dissertation). University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hollander, S., 2000. It’s All in the Family as Princeton Goes for a Title. New York Times D10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hendrickson, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Hendrickson, 2013; Horvath and Barrangou, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Horvath and Barrangou, 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Yeh et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Bodywork & Movement Therapies
AbbreviationJ. Bodyw. Mov. Ther.
ISSN (print)1360-8592
ScopeComplementary and alternative medicine
Complementary and Manual Therapy
Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

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