How to format your references using the Journal of Bodywork & Movement Therapies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Bodywork & Movement Therapies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Le Quéré, C., 2009. Journal club. An oceanographer marvels at the good timing of shrimp. Nature 461, 1031.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kent, D.V., Tauxe, L., 2005. Corrected Late Triassic latitudes for continents adjacent to the North Atlantic. Science 307, 240–244.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kaloni, T.P., Tahir, M., Schwingenschlögl, U., 2013. Quasi free-standing silicene in a superlattice with hexagonal boron nitride. Sci. Rep. 3, 3192.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Radajewski, S., Ineson, P., Parekh, N.R., Murrell, J.C., 2000. Stable-isotope probing as a tool in microbial ecology. Nature 403, 646–649.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kamso, N., Ng, T.M., 2013. Investing in Islamic Funds. John Wiley & Sons, Singapore Pte. Ltd.
An edited book
Sharma, J.N. (Ed.), 2014. Recent Developments in the Regulation of Kinins, Progress in Drug Research. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Bongiovanni, G., Valentini, C., 2009. Reciprocity, Balancing and Proportionality Rawls and Habermas on Moral and Political Reasonableness, in: Bongiovanni, G., Sartor, G., Valentini, C. (Eds.), Reasonableness and Law, Law and Philosophy Library. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 79–107.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Bodywork & Movement Therapies.

Blog post
Davis, J., 2015. Britain’s Oldest Sauropod Dinosaur Discovered [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1998. Head Start: Challenges in Monitoring Program Quality and Demonstrating Results (No. HEHS-98-186). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Brenner, D.S., 2015. The Phonetics of Mandarin Tones in Conversation (Doctoral dissertation). University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Feeney, K., 2011. No Frills, Just Sweet Treats. New York Times NJ9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Le Quéré, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Kent and Tauxe, 2005; Le Quéré, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kent and Tauxe, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Radajewski et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Bodywork & Movement Therapies
AbbreviationJ. Bodyw. Mov. Ther.
ISSN (print)1360-8592
ScopeComplementary and alternative medicine
Complementary and Manual Therapy
Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

Other styles