How to format your references using the Journal of Bodywork & Movement Therapies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Bodywork & Movement Therapies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Watanabe, M., 2004. Networking, networking, networking, networking, networking. Nature 430, 812–813.
A journal article with 2 authors
Winkowski, D.E., Knudsen, E.I., 2006. Top-down gain control of the auditory space map by gaze control circuitry in the barn owl. Nature 439, 336–339.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lutzoni, F., Pagel, M., Reeb, V., 2001. Major fungal lineages are derived from lichen symbiotic ancestors. Nature 411, 937–940.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Bellouin, N., Boucher, O., Haywood, J., Reddy, M.S., 2005. Global estimate of aerosol direct radiative forcing from satellite measurements. Nature 438, 1138–1141.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mauthe, A., Thomas, P., 2005. Professional Content Management Systems. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Silva, S.S.D., Davy, F.B. (Eds.), 2010. Success Stories in Asian Aquaculture. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Wang, L., Tang, H., 2016. Mode Selection for Cellular D2D Underlay, in: Tang, H. (Ed.), Device-to-Device Communications in Cellular Networks, SpringerBriefs in Electrical and Computer Engineering. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 41–59.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Bodywork & Movement Therapies.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2017. Crowds Get Wiser When They Talk To Each Other [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2014. Spectrum Management: FCC’s Use and Enforcement of Buildout Requirements (No. GAO-14-236). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Liza, J.S., 2009. Mentors’ perceptions of bullying in middle and high school settings (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kolomatsky, M., 2017. How Much Space for the Money? New York Times RE2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Watanabe, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Watanabe, 2004; Winkowski and Knudsen, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Winkowski and Knudsen, 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Bellouin et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Bodywork & Movement Therapies
AbbreviationJ. Bodyw. Mov. Ther.
ISSN (print)1360-8592
ScopeComplementary and alternative medicine
Complementary and Manual Therapy
Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

Other styles