How to format your references using the Journal of Bodywork & Movement Therapies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Bodywork & Movement Therapies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Randall, L., 2002. Extra dimensions and warped geometries. Science 296, 1422–1427.
A journal article with 2 authors
Pennycook, S.J., Kalinin, S.V., 2014. Microscopy: Hasten high resolution. Nature 515, 487–488.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bejan, A., Ziaei, S., Lorente, S., 2014. Evolution: why all plumes and jets evolve to round cross sections. Sci. Rep. 4, 4730.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Sparrow, C., Martín-López, E., Maraviglia, N., Neville, A., Harrold, C., Carolan, J., Joglekar, Y.N., Hashimoto, T., Matsuda, N., O’Brien, J.L., Tew, D.P., Laing, A., 2018. Simulating the vibrational quantum dynamics of molecules using photonics. Nature 557, 660–667.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Das, J.C., 2015. Power System Harmonics and Passive Filter Designs. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Tymieniecka, A.-T. (Ed.), 2006. Logos of Phenomenology and Phenomenology of the Logos. Book Three: Logos of History - Logos of Life. Historicity, Time, Nature, Communication, Consciousness, Alterity, Culture, Analecta Husserliana, The Yearbook of Phenomenological Research. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Dudley, A.C., Cloer, E.W., Melero-Martin, J.M., 2012. The Role of Bone Marrow-Derived Progenitor Cells in Tumor Growth and Angiogenesis, in: Hayat, M.A. (Ed.), Stem Cells and Cancer Stem Cells, Volume 8: Therapeutic Applications in Disease and Injury, Stem Cells and Cancer Stem Cells. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 45–54.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Bodywork & Movement Therapies.

Blog post
Andrew, D., 2016. How Brain Implants Can Let Paralysed People Move Again [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1997. Tax Systems Modernization: IRS Needs to Resolve Certain Issues With Its Integrated Case Processing System (No. GGD/AIMD-97-31). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Witowski, L.L., 2008. The relationship between instructional delivery methods and student learning preferences: What contributes to student satisfaction in an online learning environment? (Doctoral dissertation). Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G., 2011. As Storm Exits, Paths Lead to Open. New York Times B12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Randall, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Pennycook and Kalinin, 2014; Randall, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Pennycook and Kalinin, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Sparrow et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Bodywork & Movement Therapies
AbbreviationJ. Bodyw. Mov. Ther.
ISSN (print)1360-8592
ScopeComplementary and alternative medicine
Complementary and Manual Therapy
Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

Other styles