How to format your references using the Journal of Bodywork & Movement Therapies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Bodywork & Movement Therapies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Nadis, S., 2000. Top physicist crosses to Boston in search of like minds. Nature 404, 798.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sommer, M.A., Wurtz, R.H., 2006. Influence of the thalamus on spatial visual processing in frontal cortex. Nature 444, 374–377.
A journal article with 3 authors
Griffith, S., Goldwater, D., Jacobson, J.M., 2005. Robotics: self-replication from random parts. Nature 437, 636.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Jimenez, R., Flynn, C., MacDonald, J., Gibson, B.K., 2003. The cosmic production of helium. Science 299, 1552–1555.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Beneke, D., Peters, M., Glasser, D., Hildebrandt, D., 2012. Understanding Distillation Using Column Profile Maps. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Sucaet, Y., 2014. Digital Pathology, SpringerBriefs in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Jiang, X., Schofield, A.J., Wyatt, J.L., 2010. Correlation-Based Intrinsic Image Extraction from a Single Image, in: Daniilidis, K., Maragos, P., Paragios, N. (Eds.), Computer Vision – ECCV 2010: 11th European Conference on Computer Vision, Heraklion, Crete, Greece, September 5-11, 2010, Proceedings, Part IV, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 58–71.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Bodywork & Movement Therapies.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. ‘I Could Sow The Seeds Of A New Civilisation’: Mars One Hopeful’s Vision Of A Stellar Future [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2014. Contract Planning and Oversight Practices Were Ineffective Given the Challenges and Risks (No. GAO-14-824T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Witvorapong, N., 2011. The Dynamics of Living Arrangements Among the Elderly (Doctoral dissertation). University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, L., 2006. School Chief, Never Accused, Quits After Scandal. New York Times 14LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Nadis, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Nadis, 2000; Sommer and Wurtz, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sommer and Wurtz, 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Jimenez et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Bodywork & Movement Therapies
AbbreviationJ. Bodyw. Mov. Ther.
ISSN (print)1360-8592
ScopeComplementary and alternative medicine
Complementary and Manual Therapy
Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

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