How to format your references using the Journal of Bodywork & Movement Therapies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Bodywork & Movement Therapies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Simmons, R.M., 2000. Prophets without honour? Nature 407, 839.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hammond, E.M., Giaccia, A.J., 2002. Antiangiogenic therapy and p53. Science 297, 471; discussion 471.
A journal article with 3 authors
Shelly, D.R., Beroza, G.C., Ide, S., 2007. Non-volcanic tremor and low-frequency earthquake swarms. Nature 446, 305–307.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Wood, W.T., Gettrust, J.F., Chapman, N.R., Spence, G.D., Hyndman, R.D., 2002. Decreased stability of methane hydrates in marine sediments owing to phase-boundary roughness. Nature 420, 656–660.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Grimble, M.J., 2006. Robust Industrial Control Systems. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Chichester, England.
An edited book
Leggett, R., 2007. Foundation Flash Applications for Mobile Devices. Apress, Berkeley, CA.
A chapter in an edited book
Kang, K., 2012. Research on High-Speed Railway Passenger Dedicated Service System Core Technologies, in: Ni, Y.-Q., Ye, X.-W. (Eds.), Proceedings of the 1st International Workshop on High-Speed and Intercity Railways: Volume 1, Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 51–56.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Bodywork & Movement Therapies.

Blog post
Taub, B., 2016. Food For Thought: How Gut Bacteria Help Regulate Inflammation In The Brain [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2009. Public Transportation: Better Data Needed to Assess Length of New Starts Process, and Options Exist to Expedite Project Development (No. GAO-09-784). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ithier-Guzman, W., 2010. Assessing the ability of soils and sediment to adsorb and retain cesium-137 in Puerto Rico (Doctoral dissertation). University of South Florida, Tampa, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, S., 2000. Op-art; Sub-liminal. New York Times A33.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Simmons, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Hammond and Giaccia, 2002; Simmons, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hammond and Giaccia, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Wood et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Bodywork & Movement Therapies
AbbreviationJ. Bodyw. Mov. Ther.
ISSN (print)1360-8592
ScopeComplementary and alternative medicine
Complementary and Manual Therapy
Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

Other styles