How to format your references using the Journal of Beliefs & Values citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Beliefs & Values. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mueller, Kristen L. 2013. “Antibodies. The Future Is Now. Introduction.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 341 (6151): 1191.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rahman, M. Azizur, and Jochen Halfar. 2014. “First Evidence of Chitin in Calcified Coralline Algae: New Insights into the Calcification Process of Clathromorphum Compactum.” Scientific Reports 4 (August): 6162.
A journal article with 3 authors
Satoh, Norifusa, Toshio Nakashima, and Kimihisa Yamamoto. 2013. “Metastability of Anatase: Size Dependent and Irreversible Anatase-Rutile Phase Transition in Atomic-Level Precise Titania.” Scientific Reports 3: 1959.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Mickelson, W., S. Aloni, Wei-Qiang Han, John Cumings, and A. Zettl. 2003. “Packing C60 in Boron Nitride Nanotubes.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 300 (5618): 467–469.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Habart-Corlosquet, Marine, Jacques Janssen, and Raimondo Manca. 2013. VaR Methodology for Non-Gaussian Finance. Hoboken, NJ USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Rocha, Luisa, and Esper A. Cavalheiro, eds. 2013. Pharmacoresistance in Epilepsy: From Genes and Molecules to Promising Therapies. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Anghel, L., M. Rebaudengo, M. Sonza Reorda, and M. Violante. 2007. “Multi-Level Fault Effects Evaluation.” In Radiation Effects on Embedded Systems, edited by Raoul Velazco, Pascal Fouillat, and Ricardo Reis, 69–88. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Beliefs & Values.

Blog post
Hale, Tom. 2016. “Watch As A Jet’s Autopilot Kicks In And Saves The Life Of An Unconscious Pilot.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1970. Status of Equipment, Automotive Mechanics Training Project. B-168811. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Randall, Regina. 2009. “Department of Children and Family Services Workers’ Knowledge of Childhood Obesity and Services for Obese Children.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gustines, George Gene. 2015. “The Inspiration for Betty of ‘Archie’ Comics.” New York Times, October 4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Mueller 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Mueller 2013; Rahman and Halfar 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rahman and Halfar 2014)
  • Three authors: (Satoh, Nakashima, and Yamamoto 2013)
  • 4 or more authors: (Mickelson et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Beliefs & Values
AbbreviationJ. Beliefs Values
ISSN (print)1361-7672
ISSN (online)1469-9362
ScopeReligious studies

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