How to format your references using the Journal of Beliefs & Values citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Beliefs & Values. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Palumbi, S. R. 2001. “Humans as the World’s Greatest Evolutionary Force.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 293 (5536): 1786–1790.
A journal article with 2 authors
Yang, Hsin-I, and Fan-Gang Zeng. 2013. “Reduced Acoustic and Electric Integration in Concurrent-Vowel Recognition.” Scientific Reports 3: 1419.
A journal article with 3 authors
Duan, L. M., J. I. Cirac, and P. Zoller. 2001. “Geometric Manipulation of Trapped Ions for Quantum Computation.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 292 (5522): 1695–1697.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Robert, A., O. Sirjean, A. Browaeys, J. Poupard, S. Nowak, D. Boiron, C. I. Westbrook, and A. Aspect. 2001. “A Bose-Einstein Condensate of Metastable Atoms.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 292 (5516): 461–464.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kindmann, Rolf, and Ulrich Krüger. 2013. Stahlbau. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Snelder, Denyse J., and Rodel D. Lasco, eds. 2008. Smallholder Tree Growing for Rural Development and Environmental Services: Lessons from Asia. Vol. 5. Advances in Agroforestry. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Engewald, Werner, and Katja Dettmer-Wilde. 2014. “Selection of Capillary Columns and Operating Conditions.” In Practical Gas Chromatography: A Comprehensive Reference, edited by Katja Dettmer-Wilde and Werner Engewald, 117–160. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Beliefs & Values.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. “Be Prepared For The Shortest Total Lunar Eclipse Of The Century.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1992. NASA Procurement: Opportunities to Improve Contract Management. T-NSIAD-92-33. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Copeland, Eric J. 2010. “A Grant Proposal for Individuals with Severe Mental Illness.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Caramanica, Jon. 2017. “Sometimes Heartbreak Is a Blessing.” New York Times, April 26.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Palumbi 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Palumbi 2001; Yang and Zeng 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Yang and Zeng 2013)
  • Three authors: (Duan, Cirac, and Zoller 2001)
  • 4 or more authors: (Robert et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Beliefs & Values
AbbreviationJ. Beliefs Values
ISSN (print)1361-7672
ISSN (online)1469-9362
ScopeReligious studies

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