How to format your references using the Journal of Beliefs & Values citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Beliefs & Values. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kiefer, Thorsten. 2010. “Ocean Science. When Still Waters Ran Deep.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 329 (5989): 290–291.
A journal article with 2 authors
Schwartz, Thue W., and Thomas P. Sakmar. 2011. “Structural Biology: Snapshot of a Signalling Complex.” Nature 477 (7366): 540–541.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhu, Zhaoming, Daniel J. Gauthier, and Robert W. Boyd. 2007. “Stored Light in an Optical Fiber via Stimulated Brillouin Scattering.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 318 (5857): 1748–1750.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Lee, Ho Nyung, Hans M. Christen, Matthew F. Chisholm, Christopher M. Rouleau, and Douglas H. Lowndes. 2005. “Strong Polarization Enhancement in Asymmetric Three-Component Ferroelectric Superlattices.” Nature 433 (7024): 395–399.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Quinquis, André. 2008. Digital Signal Processing Using MATLAB®. London, UK: ISTE.
An edited book
Hoek, John van der. 2006. Binomial Models in Finance. Edited by Robert J. Elliott. Springer Finance. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Tian, Ning, Longjiang Guo, Meirui Ren, and Chunyu Ai. 2014. “Implementing the Matrix Inversion by Gauss-Jordan Method with CUDA.” In Wireless Algorithms, Systems, and Applications: 9th International Conference, WASA 2014, Harbin, China, June 23-25, 2014. Proceedings, edited by Zhipeng Cai, Chaokun Wang, Siyao Cheng, Hongzhi Wang, and Hong Gao, 44–53. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Beliefs & Values.

Blog post
Carpineti, Alfredo. 2016. “Boron Discovered On Mars For The First Time.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1977. Status of Project PISCES. LCD-77-319. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ramos, Christina M. 2017. “Is This Working? A Study on Measuring the Effectiveness of Efforts to Diversify the Theatre Management Field.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, Kelly. 2002. “Street-Cleaning Rules Are Whisked Away, And Drivers Get a Little Patch of Heaven.” New York Times, February 24.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kiefer 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Kiefer 2010; Schwartz and Sakmar 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Schwartz and Sakmar 2011)
  • Three authors: (Zhu, Gauthier, and Boyd 2007)
  • 4 or more authors: (Lee et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Beliefs & Values
AbbreviationJ. Beliefs Values
ISSN (print)1361-7672
ISSN (online)1469-9362
ScopeReligious studies

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