How to format your references using the Journal of Beliefs & Values citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Beliefs & Values. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Coppens, Philip. 2008. “Chemistry. A Phase Transition Hidden in Higher Dimensions.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 319 (5859): 41–42.
A journal article with 2 authors
Anderson, Robert F., and Mary-Elena Carr. 2010. “Paleoclimate. Uncorking the Southern Ocean’s Vintage CO2.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 328 (5982): 1117–1118.
A journal article with 3 authors
Agathon, Antoine, Christine Thisse, and Bernard Thisse. 2003. “The Molecular Nature of the Zebrafish Tail Organizer.” Nature 424 (6947): 448–452.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Di Paolo, Gilbert, Howard S. Moskowitz, Keith Gipson, Markus R. Wenk, Sergey Voronov, Masanori Obayashi, Richard Flavell, Reiko M. Fitzsimonds, Timothy A. Ryan, and Pietro De Camilli. 2004. “Impaired PtdIns(4,5)P2 Synthesis in Nerve Terminals Produces Defects in Synaptic Vesicle Trafficking.” Nature 431 (7007): 415–422.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rowe, W. Brian. 2010. Modern Grinding Techniques. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Maragoudakis, Michael E., and Nikos E. Tsopanoglou, eds. 2009. Thrombin: Physiology and Disease. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Högselius, Per, Arne Kaijser, and Erik van der Vleuten. 2015. “Factory & Finance.” In Europe’s Infrastructure Transition: Economy, War, Nature, edited by Arne Kaijser and Erik van der Vleuten, 141–182. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Beliefs & Values.

Blog post
Luntz, Stephen. 2015. “Solar Panels Could Come With Built-In Storage.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2011. Motor Carrier Safety: More Assessment and Transparency Could Enhance Benefits of New Oversight Program. GAO-11-858. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Subbarao, Sanjay. 2015. “An 8-PSK Super Regenerative Receiver: Design and Simulation.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barron, James. 2017. “A Historic Home Burns, and Suspicions Spread.” New York Times, February 8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Coppens 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Coppens 2008; Coppens 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Anderson and Carr 2010)
  • Three authors: (Agathon, Thisse, and Thisse 2003)
  • 4 or more authors: (Di Paolo et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Beliefs & Values
AbbreviationJ. Beliefs Values
ISSN (print)1361-7672
ISSN (online)1469-9362
ScopeReligious studies

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