How to format your references using the Journal of Beliefs & Values citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Beliefs & Values. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rust, J. 2000. “Fossil Record of Mass Moth Migration.” Nature 405 (6786): 530–531.
A journal article with 2 authors
Basler, M., and J. J. Mekalanos. 2012. “Type 6 Secretion Dynamics within and between Bacterial Cells.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 337 (6096): 815.
A journal article with 3 authors
Yuasa, S., T. Nagahama, and Y. Suzuki. 2002. “Spin-Polarized Resonant Tunneling in Magnetic Tunnel Junctions.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 297 (5579): 234–237.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Negro, J. J., J. M. Grande, J. L. Tella, J. Garrido, D. Hornero, J. A. Donázar, J. A. Sanchez-Zapata, J. R. BenItez, and M. Barcell. 2002. “Coprophagy: An Unusual Source of Essential Carotenoids.” Nature 416 (6883): 807–808.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Guinot, Vincent. 2010. Wave Propagation in Fluids. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Velázquez, E., and C. Rodríguez-Barrueco, eds. 2007. First International Meeting on Microbial Phosphate Solubilization. Vol. 102. Developments in Plant and Soil Sciences. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Trinci, Margherita, Barbara Sessa, Guendalina Menichini, Viola Valentini, and Vittorio Miele. 2015. “Abdominal Trauma.” In Imaging Trauma and Polytrauma in Pediatric Patients, edited by Vittorio Miele and Margherita Trinci, 65–100. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Beliefs & Values.

Blog post
Fang, Janet. 2015. “Air Pollution Kills More Than Three Million People A Year.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2007. Health Information Technology: Efforts Continue but Comprehensive Privacy Approach Needed for National Strategy. GAO-07-988T. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Goldner, Virginia Rae. 2010. “Arizona Nurses’ Attitudes toward Legislated Minimum Staffing Ratios: Impact on the Workplace.” Doctoral dissertation, Phoenix, AZ: University of Phoenix.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Eligon, John. 2017. “Protests Start a Dialogue, But About What, Exactly?” New York Times, September 27.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Rust 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Rust 2000; Basler and Mekalanos 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Basler and Mekalanos 2012)
  • Three authors: (Yuasa, Nagahama, and Suzuki 2002)
  • 4 or more authors: (Negro et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Beliefs & Values
AbbreviationJ. Beliefs Values
ISSN (print)1361-7672
ISSN (online)1469-9362
ScopeReligious studies

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