How to format your references using the Journal of Behavior, Health & Social Issues citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Behavior, Health & Social Issues. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Macneil, J. S. (2000). ECOLOGY: Forest Fire Plan Kindles Debate. Science (New York, N.Y.), 289(5484), 1448b–1449b.
A journal article with 2 authors
Pfeiffer, B. E., & Foster, D. J. (2015). PLACE CELLS. Autoassociative dynamics in the generation of sequences of hippocampal place cells. Science (New York, N.Y.), 349(6244), 180–183.
A journal article with 3 authors
Pfleiderer, C., Julian, S. R., & Lonzarich, G. G. (2001). Non-Fermi-liquid nature of the normal state of itinerant-electron ferromagnets. Nature, 414(6862), 427–430.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Matthews, J. M., Kuschnig, R., Guenther, D. B., Walker, G. A. H., Moffat, A. F. J., Rucinski, S. M., Sasselov, D., Weiss, W. W., & Kusching, R. (2004). No stellar p-mode oscillations in space-based photometry of Procyon. Nature, 430(6995), 51–53.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Valiev, R. Z., Zhilyaev, A. P., & Langdon, T. G. (2013). Bulk Nanostructured Materials. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Matranga, V. (Ed.). (2005). Echinodermata (Vol. 39). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Kirsch, C. M., & Sokolova, A. (2012). The Logical Execution Time Paradigm. In S. Chakraborty & J. Eberspächer (Eds.), Advances in Real-Time Systems (pp. 103–120). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Behavior, Health & Social Issues.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2016, June 28). Newly Formulated Liquid Aspirin Claimed To Be Able To Pass Through Blood-Brain Barrier. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1999). Army Medium Trucks: Information on Delivery Delays and Corrosion Problems (NSIAD-99-26). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Crawford, M. J. (2009). Empire’s experts: The politics of knowledge in Spain’s royal monopoly of quina (1751–1808) [Doctoral dissertation]. University of California San Diego.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario, B. (2017, September 3). Superstar Adjusts to a Streaming World. New York Times, B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Macneil, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Macneil, 2000; Pfeiffer & Foster, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Pfeiffer & Foster, 2015)
  • Three authors: (Pfleiderer et al., 2001)
  • 6 or more authors: (Matthews et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Behavior, Health & Social Issues
ISSN (print)2007-0780

Other styles