How to format your references using the Journal of Behavior, Health & Social Issues citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Behavior, Health & Social Issues. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gill, P. (2000). Optical clocks coming of age. Nature, 407(6804), 579–580.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mullins, C. B., & Sitz, G. O. (2008). Chemistry. Taking a selective bite out of methane. Science (New York, N.Y.), 319(5864), 736–737.
A journal article with 3 authors
Román-Leshkov, Y., Chheda, J. N., & Dumesic, J. A. (2006). Phase modifiers promote efficient production of hydroxymethylfurfural from fructose. Science (New York, N.Y.), 312(5782), 1933–1937.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Fisher, D. O., Double, M. C., Blomberg, S. P., Jennions, M. D., & Cockburn, A. (2006). Post-mating sexual selection increases lifetime fitness of polyandrous females in the wild. Nature, 444(7115), 89–92.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Goldstein, A. P. (2004). The Psychology of Group Aggression. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Lajtha, A., Youdim, M. B. H., Riederer, P., Mandel, S. A., & Battistin, L. (Eds.). (2007). Handbook of Neurochemistry and Molecular Neurobiology: Degenerative Diseases of the Nervous System. Boston, MA: Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Iltanen, S. (2012). Cellular Automata in Urban Spatial Modelling. In A. J. Heppenstall, A. T. Crooks, L. M. See, & M. Batty (Eds.), Agent-Based Models of Geographical Systems (pp. 69–84). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Behavior, Health & Social Issues.

Blog post
Andrews, R. (2017, March 2). Oklahoma Is One Of 2017’s Most High-Risk State For Earthquakes. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2007). Applying Agreed-Upon Procedures: Airport and Airway Trust Fund Excise Taxes (No. GAO-08-203R). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Miller, R. J. (2012). An Investigation Examining the Perceived Implications of Principal Leadership Changing A Large Comprehensive High School into Smaller Learning Communities (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kolomatsky, M. (2017, May 19). One Subway Stop Changes the Rent. New York Times, p. RE2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gill, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Gill, 2000; Mullins & Sitz, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Mullins & Sitz, 2008)
  • Three authors: (Román-Leshkov, Chheda, & Dumesic, 2006)
  • 6 or more authors: (Fisher, Double, Blomberg, Jennions, & Cockburn, 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Behavior, Health & Social Issues
ISSN (print)2007-0780

Other styles