How to format your references using the Journal of Behavior, Health & Social Issues citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Behavior, Health & Social Issues. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Marquis, R. J. (2004). Ecology. Herbivores rule. Science (New York, N.Y.), 305(5684), 619–621.
A journal article with 2 authors
Jones, J. D. G., & Dangl, J. L. (2006). The plant immune system. Nature, 444(7117), 323–329.
A journal article with 3 authors
Brockmann, D., Hufnagel, L., & Geisel, T. (2006). The scaling laws of human travel. Nature, 439(7075), 462–465.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Chen, H., Kandasamy, S., Orszag, S., Shock, R., Succi, S., & Yakhot, V. (2003). Extended Boltzmann kinetic equation for turbulent flows. Science (New York, N.Y.), 301(5633), 633–636.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hofmeyr, G. J., Neilson, J. P., Alfirevic, Z., Crowther, C. A., Gülmezoglu, A. M., Hodnett, E. D., Gyte, G. M. L., & Duley, L. (2008). A Cochrane Pocketbook: Pregnancy and Childbirth. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Sloane, A., & Aßmann, U. (Eds.). (2012). Software Language Engineering: 4th International Conference, SLE 2011, Braga, Portugal, July 3-4, 2011, Revised Selected Papers (Vol. 6940). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Wolff, K. E. (2011). Applications of Temporal Conceptual Semantic Systems. In K. E. Wolff, D. E. Palchunov, N. G. Zagoruiko, & U. Andelfinger (Eds.), Knowledge Processing and Data Analysis: First International Conference, KONT 2007, Novosibirsk, Russia, September 14-16, 2007 and First International Conference, KPP 2007,Darmstadt, Germany, September 28-30, 2007. Revised Selected Papers (pp. 59–78). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Behavior, Health & Social Issues.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, August 24). How Maths Can Help Us Fight Infectious Diseases. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1996). School Finance: Options for Improving Measures of Effort and Equity in Title I (HEHS-96-142). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sandoval, V. (2013). Preventing chronic truancy among Latino high school students: A grant proposal [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M. W. (2011, March 16). Tallying the Financial Aftermath: Japan Government Likely To Bear Big Monetary Loss. New York Times, B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Marquis, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Jones & Dangl, 2006; Marquis, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Jones & Dangl, 2006)
  • Three authors: (Brockmann et al., 2006)
  • 6 or more authors: (Chen et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Behavior, Health & Social Issues
ISSN (print)2007-0780

Other styles