How to format your references using the Journal of Australian Strength & Conditioning citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Australian Strength & Conditioning (JASC). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Njau, J. Paleontology. Reading Pliocene bones. Science (New York, N.Y.). 336(6077): 46–47. 2012
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Santen, L., & Krauth, W. Absence of thermodynamic phase transition in a model glass former. Nature. 405(6786): 550–551. 2000
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Neumann, G., Noda, T., & Kawaoka, Y. Emergence and pandemic potential of swine-origin H1N1 influenza virus. Nature. 459(7249): 931–939. 2009
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1. Gao, X., Luo, W., Zhong, C., Wexler, D., Chou, S.-L., Liu, H.-K., Shi, Z., Chen, G., Ozawa, K., & Wang, J.-Z. Novel germanium/polypyrrole composite for high power lithium-ion batteries. Scientific reports. 4: 6095. 2014

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Samonas, M. Financial Forecasting, Analysis, and Modelling. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. 2015
An edited book
1. Okumura, M., Bekki, D., & Satoh, K. New Frontiers in Artificial Intelligence: JSAI-isAI 2011 Workshops, LENLS, JURISIN, ALSIP, MiMI, Takamatsu, Japan, December 1-2, 2011. Revised Selected Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer. 2012
A chapter in an edited book
1. Jullien, V. Indivisibles in the Work of Galileo. In: Seventeenth-Century Indivisibles Revisited. Science Networks. Historical Studies. V. Jullien, ed. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2015. pp. 87–103

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Australian Strength & Conditioning.

Blog post
1. Hamilton, K. Check Out This Blue Sea Slug Eating A Blue Button Jelly. IFLScience. Available at: Accessed: October 30, 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Justice Software Management. 1993

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Howard-Skipper, J. Leadership that promotes teacher empowerment among urban middle school science teachers. 2014

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Kelly, M. Clinton Seeks to Expand Presidential Privacy. New York Times. B10. 1992

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (2).
This sentence cites two references (2,4).
This sentence cites four references (5–8).

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Australian Strength & Conditioning
ISSN (print)1835-7644

Other styles