How to format your references using the Journal of Asian Earth Sciences: X citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Asian Earth Sciences: X. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rowe, D., 2007. Sustainability. Education for a sustainable future. Science 317, 323–324.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lubchenco, J., Grorud-Colvert, K., 2015. OCEAN. Making waves: The science and politics of ocean protection. Science 350, 382–383.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wolfe, N.D., Dunavan, C.P., Diamond, J., 2007. Origins of major human infectious diseases. Nature 447, 279–283.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Shi, G., Liu, J., Wang, C., Song, B., Tu, Y., Hu, J., Fang, H., 2013. Ion enrichment on the hydrophobic carbon-based surface in aqueous salt solutions due to cation-π interactions. Sci. Rep. 3, 3436.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hens, H., 2012. Building Physics - Heat, Air and Moisture. Ernst & Sohn Verlag für Architektur und technische Wissenschaften GmbH & Co. KG, Berlin, Germany.
An edited book
Cazzulino, D., 2005. Beginning Visual Web Programming in VB .NET: From Novice to Professional. Apress, Berkeley, CA.
A chapter in an edited book
Schaafsma, G.C.P., Vihinen, M., 2015. Genetic Variation in Bruton Tyrosine Kinase, in: Plebani, A., Lougaris, V. (Eds.), Agammaglobulinemia, Rare Diseases of the Immune System. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 75–85.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Asian Earth Sciences: X.

Blog post
Andrew, D., 2017. Why Artificial Intelligence Could Be Key To Future-Proofing The Grid [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1995. Weather Service Modernization: Despite Progress, Significant Problems and Risks Remain (No. T-AIMD-95-87). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hogue, M.L., 2012. A Case Study of Perspectives on Building School and Community Partnerships (Doctoral dissertation). University of South Florida, Tampa, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cooper, M., 2017. With a Little Help From His Friends. New York Times C5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Rowe, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Lubchenco and Grorud-Colvert, 2015; Rowe, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lubchenco and Grorud-Colvert, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Shi et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Asian Earth Sciences: X
ISSN (print)2590-0560

Other styles