How to format your references using the Journal of Asian Earth Sciences: X citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Asian Earth Sciences: X. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Venema, L., 2005. Schrödinger’s mousetrap. Part 3. Nature 433, 463.
A journal article with 2 authors
Beroza, G.C., Ide, S., 2009. Geophysics. Deep tremors and slow quakes. Science 324, 1025–1026.
A journal article with 3 authors
Green, D.R., Galluzzi, L., Kroemer, G., 2014. Cell biology. Metabolic control of cell death. Science 345, 1250256.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Ramanathan, V., Ramana, M.V., Roberts, G., Kim, D., Corrigan, C., Chung, C., Winker, D., 2007. Warming trends in Asia amplified by brown cloud solar absorption. Nature 448, 575–578.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wang, Q., 2013. Practical Design of Magnetostatic Structure Using Numerical Simulation. John Wiley & Sons (Asia) Pte Ltd, Singapore.
An edited book
Shi, Y., Wang, S., Peng, Y., Li, J., Zeng, Y. (Eds.), 2009. Cutting-Edge Research Topics on Multiple Criteria Decision Making: 20th International Conference, MCDM 2009, Chengdu/Jiuzhaigou, China, June 21-26, 2009. Proceedings, Communications in Computer and Information Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Beilharz, F., 2010. Secondary Forming of Plastics Structural Components: Thermoforming, in: Eyerer, P. (Ed.), Polymers - Opportunities and Risks I: General and Environmental Aspects, The Handbook of Environmental Chemistry. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 287–292.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Asian Earth Sciences: X.

Blog post
Hale, T., 2015. Here’s How Scientists Collect A Spider’s Silk [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1985. Status of the Intercontinental Ballistic Missile Modernization Program (No. NSIAD-85-78). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Himschoot, A.R., 2012. Student perception of relevance of biology content to everyday life: A study in higher education biology courses (Doctoral dissertation). Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario, B., 2016. Amazon Pairs Echo With Music Streaming Service. New York Times B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Venema, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Beroza and Ide, 2009; Venema, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Beroza and Ide, 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Ramanathan et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Asian Earth Sciences: X
ISSN (print)2590-0560

Other styles