How to format your references using the Journal of Asian Earth Sciences: X citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Asian Earth Sciences: X. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Jia, H., 2015. Alliances for scientific success. Nature 528, S187-9.
A journal article with 2 authors
Petersen, J., Hagan, I.M., 2005. Polo kinase links the stress pathway to cell cycle control and tip growth in fission yeast. Nature 435, 507–512.
A journal article with 3 authors
Anderson, G., Aagaard, B., Hudnut, K., 2003. Fault interactions and large complex earthquakes in the Los Angeles area. Science 302, 1946–1949.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Polli, D., Altoè, P., Weingart, O., Spillane, K.M., Manzoni, C., Brida, D., Tomasello, G., Orlandi, G., Kukura, P., Mathies, R.A., Garavelli, M., Cerullo, G., 2010. Conical intersection dynamics of the primary photoisomerization event in vision. Nature 467, 440–443.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pagliaro, M., 2010. Nano-Age. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
Resende, R.R., Ulrich, H. (Eds.), 2013. Trends in Stem Cell Proliferation and Cancer Research. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Khangamwa, G., 2011. Detecting Network Intrusions Using Hierarchical Temporal Memory, in: Popescu-Zeletin, R., Rai, I.A., Jonas, K., Villafiorita, A. (Eds.), E-Infrastuctures and E-Services for Developing Countries: Second International ICST Conference, AFRICOM 2010, Cape Town, South Africa, November 25-26, 2010, Revised Selected Papers, Lecture Notes of the Institute for Computer Sciences, Social Informatics and Telecommunications Engineering. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 41–48.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Asian Earth Sciences: X.

Blog post
Andrews, R., 2016. North American Trees Won’t Save Us From Dangerous Climate Change [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1970. Improved Accounting Control Over Equipment at the Kennedy Space Center (No. B-169658). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pham, M.M.-X., 2017. Flymed Pharmacy, LLC, Home Delivery Services a Business Plan (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gustines, G.G., 2015. Comics, Classic and Newer, Make a Comeback. New York Times B2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Jia, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Jia, 2015; Petersen and Hagan, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Petersen and Hagan, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Polli et al., 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Asian Earth Sciences: X
ISSN (print)2590-0560

Other styles