How to format your references using the Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ho, C.-H., 2014. Amorphous effect on the advancing of wide-range absorption and structural-phase transition in γ-In2Se3 polycrystalline layers. Sci. Rep. 4, 4764.
A journal article with 2 authors
Macfarlane, A., Martin, G., 2004. Beyond the ivory tower. A world of glass. Science 305, 1407–1408.
A journal article with 3 authors
Keller, R.A., Fisk, M.R., White, W.M., 2000. Isotopic evidence for Late Cretaceous plume-ridge interaction at the Hawaiian hotspot. Nature 405, 673–676.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Ikeda, H., Heinke, B., Ruscheweyh, R., Sandkühler, J., 2003. Synaptic plasticity in spinal lamina I projection neurons that mediate hyperalgesia. Science 299, 1237–1240.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chen, W.-Y., 2013. NeuroInvesting. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Laveault, D., Allal, L. (Eds.), 2016. Assessment for Learning: Meeting the Challenge of Implementation, The Enabling Power of Assessment. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Duistermaat, J.J., Kolk, J.A.C., 2010. Convergence of Distributions, in: Kolk, J.A.C. (Ed.), Distributions: Theory and Applications. Birkhäuser, Boston, MA, pp. 51–58.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports.

Blog post
Hale, T., 2015. This Is How The Flu Invades Your Body [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2000. Mass Transit: Review of the Tren Urbano Finance Plan (No. RCED-00-94R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mbwiri, F.I., 2017. Remedial Math Instruction Intervention: Efficacy of Constructivist Practices on Alternative Students with Disabilities Mathematics Achievement (Doctoral dissertation). Northcentral University, Scottsdale, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sophia Kishkovsky; Compiled by, 2004. Arts, Briefly; High Season for Russian Art in London Auctions. New York Times E4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ho, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Ho, 2014; Macfarlane and Martin, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Macfarlane and Martin, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Ikeda et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Archaeological Science: Reports
AbbreviationJ. Archaeol. Sci. Rep.
ISSN (print)2352-409X

Other styles