How to format your references using the Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pain, E., 2008. Science careers. An adventurous physicist. Science 320, 1517.
A journal article with 2 authors
Tanaka, H.K.M., Watanabe, H., 2014. 6Li-loaded directionally sensitive anti-neutrino detector for possible geo-neutrinographic imaging applications. Sci. Rep. 4, 4708.
A journal article with 3 authors
Xiong, Q., Mukherjee, S., Furey, T.S., 2014. GSAASeqSP: a toolset for gene set association analysis of RNA-Seq data. Sci. Rep. 4, 6347.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Demers, G., Griffin, G., De Vroey, G., Haywood, J.R., Zurlo, J., Bédard, M., 2006. Animal research. Harmonization of animal care and use guidance. Science 312, 700–701.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Firth-Cozens, J., Harrison, J., 2010. How to Survive in Medicine. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Reis, L.P., Moreira, A.P., Lima, P.U., Montano, L., Muñoz-Martinez, V. (Eds.), 2016. Robot 2015: Second Iberian Robotics Conference: Advances in Robotics, Volume 2, 1st ed. 2016. ed, Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Kruger, K., Basson, A., 2015. Implementation of an Erlang-Based Resource Holon for a Holonic Manufacturing Cell, in: Borangiu, T., Thomas, A., Trentesaux, D. (Eds.), Service Orientation in Holonic and Multi-Agent Manufacturing, Studies in Computational Intelligence. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 49–58.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports.

Blog post
Davis, J., 2017. Global Carbon Emissions Remain Constant For Third Year In A Row [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1999. Reported Y2K Status of the 21 Largest U.S. Cities (No. AIMD-99-246R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jahan, M., 2015. A policy to protect hoarders: An analysis of Fair Housing Amendments Act, 1988 (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley, B., 2017. Sam Shepard, Whose Plays Forged a New Frontier, Dies at 73. New York Times A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Pain, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Pain, 2008; Tanaka and Watanabe, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Tanaka and Watanabe, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Demers et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Archaeological Science: Reports
AbbreviationJ. Archaeol. Sci. Rep.
ISSN (print)2352-409X

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