How to format your references using the Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Morris, P., 2013. Joseph E. Murray (1919-2012). Nature 493, 164.
A journal article with 2 authors
Cooper, K.M., Kent, A.J.R., 2014. Rapid remobilization of magmatic crystals kept in cold storage. Nature 506, 480–483.
A journal article with 3 authors
Harper, S.M., Neil, L.C., Gardner, K.H., 2003. Structural basis of a phototropin light switch. Science 301, 1541–1544.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Suh, E.-K., Yang, A., Kettenbach, A., Bamberger, C., Michaelis, A.H., Zhu, Z., Elvin, J.A., Bronson, R.T., Crum, C.P., McKeon, F., 2006. p63 protects the female germ line during meiotic arrest. Nature 444, 624–628.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bell, S., 2005. Lean Enterprise Systems. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Seherr-Thoss, H.C., 2006. Universal Joints and Driveshafts: Analysis, Design, Applications, 2nd edition. ed. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Simovici, D.A., Djeraba, C., 2014. Linear Spaces, in: Djeraba, C. (Ed.), Mathematical Tools for Data Mining: Set Theory, Partial Orders, Combinatorics, Advanced Information and Knowledge Processing. Springer, London, pp. 197–279.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Step Into Pluto Time With This NASA App [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2016. Highlights of a Forum: Data and Analytics Innovation: Emerging Opportunities and Challenges (No. GAO-16-659SP). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zou, X., 2014. Magneto-optical properties of ferromagnetic nanostructures on modified nanosphere templates (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Goldstein, J., 2017. Inside a Jail in Brooklyn, The Women Live in Fear. New York Times A16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Morris, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Cooper and Kent, 2014; Morris, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Cooper and Kent, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Suh et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Archaeological Science: Reports
AbbreviationJ. Archaeol. Sci. Rep.
ISSN (print)2352-409X

Other styles