How to format your references using the Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Swisher, S.N., 2000. Space station research: details please. Science 290, 453e–4e.
A journal article with 2 authors
Aeppli, G., Soh, Y.A., 2001. Physics Quantum criticality in a clean metal. Science 294, 315–316.
A journal article with 3 authors
Neutel, A.-M., Heesterbeek, J.A.P., De Ruiter, P.C., 2002. Stability in real food webs: weak links in long loops. Science 296, 1120–1123.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Samejima, K., Ueda, Y., Doya, K., Kimura, M., 2005. Representation of action-specific reward values in the striatum. Science 310, 1337–1340.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chase, C.W., 2016. Next Generation Demand Management. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Heise, H., Matthews, S. (Eds.), 2013. Modern NMR Methodology, Topics in Current Chemistry. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Cimmino, A., Casali, F., Mambretti, C., 2009. Weird Project: E-Health Service Improvement Using WiMAX, in: Weerasinghe, D. (Ed.), Electronic Healthcare: First International Conference, EHealth 2008, London, UK, September 8-9, 2008. Revised Selected Papers, Lecture Notes of the Institute for Computer Sciences, Social Informatics and Telecommunications Engineering. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 38–49.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2014. Dwarf Galaxies Fail To Match Expectations [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1977. Questions Persist about Federal Support for Development of Curriculum Materials and Behavior Modification Techniques Used in Local Schools (No. HRD-77-49). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Demenkoff, J.H., 2014. Evolution and emergence of the masculinities: Epiphanies and epiphenomena of the male athlete and dancer (Doctoral dissertation). Pacifica Graduate Institute, Carpinteria, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky, S., 2002. Moscow Journal; Feast or Fast? Russians Just Can’t Give Up Lent. New York Times A4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Swisher, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Aeppli and Soh, 2001; Swisher, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Aeppli and Soh, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Samejima et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Archaeological Science: Reports
AbbreviationJ. Archaeol. Sci. Rep.
ISSN (print)2352-409X

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