How to format your references using the Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Oettl, A., 2012. Sociology: Honour the helpful. Nature 489, 496–497.
A journal article with 2 authors
Tseng, G.Y., Ellenbogen, J.C., 2001. Nanotechnology. Toward nanocomputers. Science 294, 1293–1294.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gros, J., Serralbo, O., Marcelle, C., 2009. WNT11 acts as a directional cue to organize the elongation of early muscle fibres. Nature 457, 589–593.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Lo, B., Chou, V., Cedars, M.I., Gates, E., Taylor, R.N., Wagner, R.M., Wolf, L., Yamamoto, K.R., 2003. Medicine. Consent from donors for embryo and stem cell research. Science 301, 921.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bamfield, P., 2006. Research and Development in the Chemical and Pharmaceutical Industry. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG.
An edited book
Khong, T.Y., Malcomson, R.D.G. (Eds.), 2015. Keeling’s Fetal and Neonatal Pathology, 5th ed. 2015. ed. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Henning, M.A., Yeo, A., 2013. Total Domination and Minimum Degree, in: Yeo, A. (Ed.), Total Domination in Graphs, Springer Monographs in Mathematics. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 39–54.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports.

Blog post
Andrew, D., 2016. 19 Signs You’re Intelligent — Even If It Doesn’t Feel Like It [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2006. Internet Infrastructure: Challenges in Developing a Public/Private Recovery Plan (No. GAO-06-863T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Crawford, J.D., 2017. Teacher Job Satisfaction as Related to Student Performance on State-Mandated Testing (Doctoral dissertation). Lindenwood University, St. Charles, MO.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rothenberg, B., 2016. Bouchard Is Out, but Her Concussion Suit From the 2015 Open Goes On. New York Times B9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Reichhardt, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Smaglik, 2005; Turner, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Tseng and Ellenbogen, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (O’Doherty et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Archaeological Science: Reports
AbbreviationJ. Archaeol. Sci. Rep.
ISSN (print)2352-409X

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