How to format your references using the Journal of Alzheimer's Disease citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Alzheimer's Disease. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
O’Meara S (2015) At the very heart of progress. Nature 528, S179-81.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bellwood P, White P (2005) Domesticated pigs in eastern Indonesia. Science 309, 381; author reply 381.
A journal article with 3 authors
Imaizumi T, Kay SA, Schroeder JI (2007) Circadian rhythms. Daily watch on metabolism. Science 318, 1730–1731.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Arnett HA, Fancy SPJ, Alberta JA, Zhao C, Plant SR, Kaing S, Raine CS, Rowitch DH, Franklin RJM, Stiles CD (2004) bHLH transcription factor Olig1 is required to repair demyelinated lesions in the CNS. Science 306, 2111–2115.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Nyce DS (2016) Position Sensors, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Nakada SY, Pearle MS, eds. (2013) Surgical Management of Urolithiasis: Percutaneous, Shockwave and Ureteroscopy, Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Riedl R, Léger P-M (2016) Establishing and Operating a NeuroIS Lab. In Fundamentals of NeuroIS: Information Systems and the Brain, Léger P-M, ed. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 99–115.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Alzheimer's Disease.

Blog post
IFLScience, Evolving Galaxy Spotted In The Early Universe For The First Time, Last updated July 22, 2015, Accessed on July 22, 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1979) Improvements Needed in the Tennessee Valley Authority’s Management and Use of Its Automatic Data Processing Resources, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Fichera M (2015) Transport of seawater and its influence on the transverse tensile strength of unidirectional composite materials.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kanter J, Kramer AE, Reed S (2017) Gazprom Makes Concessions to E.U., Defusing an Antitrust Standoff. New York Times B4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Alzheimer's Disease
AbbreviationJ. Alzheimers. Dis.
ISSN (print)1387-2877
ISSN (online)1875-8908
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Geriatrics and Gerontology
Psychiatry and Mental health
Clinical Psychology

Other styles