How to format your references using the Journal of Alzheimer's Disease citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Alzheimer's Disease. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ito G (2001) Reykjanes “V”-shaped ridges originating from a pulsing and dehydrating mantle plume. Nature 411, 681–684.
A journal article with 2 authors
Woolhouse M, Donaldson A (2001) Managing foot-and-mouth. Nature 410, 515–516.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lin X, Fauqué B, Behnia K (2015) SOLID-STATE PHYSICS. Scalable T2 resistivity in a small single-component Fermi surface. Science 349, 945–948.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kitano M, Nakaya M, Nakamura T, Nagata S, Matsuda M (2008) Imaging of Rab5 activity identifies essential regulators for phagosome maturation. Nature 453, 241–245.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Spotte S (2016) Tarpons, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Berkhout B, Ertl HCJ, Weinberg MS, eds. (2015) Gene Therapy for HIV and Chronic Infections, Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Teodor V, Cucu M, Oancea N (2009) The Worm Cutter Tool Profiling Based on Discreet Surfaces Representation. In Proceedings of the European Computing Conference: Volume 2, Mastorakis N, Mladenov V, Kontargyri VT, eds. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp. 49–62.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Alzheimer's Disease.

Blog post
IFLScience, Explanation For How BCG Vaccine Protects Against Other Diseases, Last updated December 6, 2016, Accessed on December 6, 2016.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2007) Transportation Security: Efforts to Strengthen Aviation and Surface Transportation Security are Under Way, but Challenges Remain, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sheldon A (2010) The impact of power restoration and narcissism on aggression.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky S (2011) Choir Festival to Celebrate St. Basil’s 450 Years. New York Times TR2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Alzheimer's Disease
AbbreviationJ. Alzheimers. Dis.
ISSN (print)1387-2877
ISSN (online)1875-8908
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Geriatrics and Gerontology
Psychiatry and Mental health
Clinical Psychology

Other styles