How to format your references using the Journal of Alzheimer's Disease citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Alzheimer's Disease. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pennisi E (2013) Geography. Advancing seasons in China. Science 341, 482–483.
A journal article with 2 authors
Soukoulis CM, Wegener M (2010) Materials science. Optical metamaterials--more bulky and less lossy. Science 330, 1633–1634.
A journal article with 3 authors
Azuma S, Katayama I, Nakakuki T (2014) Rheological decoupling at the Moho and implication to Venusian tectonics. Sci Rep 4, 4403.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Wang C, Wu C, Zhou X, Han T, Xin X, Wu J, Zhang J, Guo S (2013) Enhancing cell nucleus accumulation and DNA cleavage activity of anti-cancer drug via graphene quantum dots. Sci Rep 3, 2852.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wesley LD (2010) Geotechnical Engineering in Residual Soils, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Dillenburg SR (2009) Geology and Geomorphology of Holocene Coastal Barriers of Brazil, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Han ND, Huy PT (2012) On Unambiguity of Languages Related to Codes. In Future Information Technology, Application, and Service: FutureTech 2012 Volume 2, Park JJ (jong H, Leung VCM, Wang C-L, Shon T, eds. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 31–38.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Alzheimer's Disease.

Blog post
IFLScience, Maternal Deaths Worldwide Have Almost Halved In 25 Years, Last updated September 16, 2016, Accessed on September 16, 2016.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1976) Stronger Measures Needed To Insure That Medical Diathermy Devices Are Safe and Effective, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ivy J (2011) The Psychological Effect of Parental Incarceration on School-Age Children.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Dwyer J (2016) Republicans’ Path Recalls a Democratic Disaster at the Garden, in 1924. New York Times A18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Alzheimer's Disease
AbbreviationJ. Alzheimers. Dis.
ISSN (print)1387-2877
ISSN (online)1875-8908
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Geriatrics and Gerontology
Psychiatry and Mental health
Clinical Psychology

Other styles