How to format your references using the Journal für Betriebswirtschaft citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal für Betriebswirtschaft. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Olson EN (2006) Gene regulatory networks in the evolution and development of the heart. Science 313:1922–1927
A journal article with 2 authors
Fialko Y, Pearse J (2012) Sombrero uplift above the Altiplano-Puna Magma Body: evidence of a ballooning mid-crustal diapir. Science 338:250–252
A journal article with 3 authors
Unal E, Kinde B, Amon A (2011) Gametogenesis eliminates age-induced cellular damage and resets life span in yeast. Science 332:1554–1557
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Canzoneri E, Marzolla M, Amoresano A, et al (2013) Amputation and prosthesis implantation shape body and peripersonal space representations. Sci Rep 3:2844

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hens HSLC (2012) Performance Based Building Design 2. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany
An edited book
Small CG (ed) (2007) Functional Equations and How to Solve Them. Springer, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
Grüne L, Hirche S, Junge O, et al (2014) Event-Based Control. In: Lunze J (ed) Control Theory of Digitally Networked Dynamic Systems. Springer International Publishing, Heidelberg, pp 169–261

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal für Betriebswirtschaft.

Blog post
Fang J (2014) Earth-like Plate Tectonics Discovered on Europa. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2001) Quality Assurance: The Fastener Quality Act’s Small-Lot Exemption. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Orozco M (2015) Music preference and its effects on emotion processes and identity development in young adult females: An examination of the “emo” subculture. Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly C (2014) Film Delves Into Lives of Strippers in Dallas. New York Times A27B

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Olson 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Olson 2006; Fialko and Pearse 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Fialko and Pearse 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Canzoneri et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal für Betriebswirtschaft
ISSN (print)0344-9327
ISSN (online)1614-631X

Other styles