How to format your references using the Journal für Betriebswirtschaft citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal für Betriebswirtschaft. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Eisenstein JP (2004) Physics. Half full or half empty? Science 305:950–952
A journal article with 2 authors
Subramanian MA, Manzer LE (2002) A “greener” synthetic route for fluoroaromatics via copper (II) fluoride. Science 297:1665
A journal article with 3 authors
Schmittner A, Yoshimori M, Weaver AJ (2002) Instability of glacial climate in a model of the ocean- atmosphere-cryosphere system. Science 295:1489–1493
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Hirotsu T, Saeki S, Yamamoto M, Iino Y (2000) The Ras-MAPK pathway is important for olfaction in Caenorhabditis elegans. Nature 404:289–293

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hahn A, Behle B, Lischewski D, Rein W (2002) Produktionstechnische Praxis. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany
An edited book
Lee DT, Shieh SP, Tygar JD (eds) (2005) Computer Security in the 21st Century. Springer US, Boston, MA
A chapter in an edited book
Manolopoulos Y, Nanopoulos A, Papadopoulos AN, Theodoridis Y (2006) Processing More Complex Queries. In: Nanopoulos A, Papadopoulos AN, Theodoridis Y (eds) R-Trees: Theory and Applications. Springer, London, pp 69–95

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal für Betriebswirtschaft.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) Your Blood Type Could Affect Your Memory. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2003) Public Schools: Comparison of Achievement Results for Students Attending Privately Managed and Traditional Schools in Six Cities. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lim K (2017) An Inquiry of How Art Education Policies are Reflected in Art Teacher Preparation: Examining the Standards for Visual Arts and Art Teacher Certification. Doctoral dissertation, Indiana University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg B (2017) Film Series. New York Times C26

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Eisenstein 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Subramanian and Manzer 2002; Eisenstein 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Subramanian and Manzer 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Hirotsu et al. 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal für Betriebswirtschaft
ISSN (print)0344-9327
ISSN (online)1614-631X

Other styles