How to format your references using the Journal für Betriebswirtschaft citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal für Betriebswirtschaft. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dolgin E (2012) Devices: Artificial inspiration. Nature 489:S12-4
A journal article with 2 authors
Harris IS, Brugge JS (2015) Cancer: The enemy of my enemy is my friend. Nature 527:170–171
A journal article with 3 authors
Knigge C, Leigh N, Sills A (2009) A binary origin for “blue stragglers” in globular clusters. Nature 457:288–290
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Gershengorn MC, Hardikar AA, Wei C, et al (2004) Epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition generates proliferative human islet precursor cells. Science 306:2261–2264

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ponniah P (2010) Data Warehousing Fundamentals for it Professionals. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Duplantier B, Rivasseau V (eds) (2015) Henri Poincaré, 1912–2012: Poincaré Seminar 2012. Springer, Basel
A chapter in an edited book
Kifer M, Smolka SA (2007) Memory: Virtual Memory Management. In: Smolka SA (ed) Introduction to Operating System Design and Implementation: The OSP 2 Approach. Springer, London, pp 75–101

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal für Betriebswirtschaft.

Blog post
Luntz S (2016) Wingless Wasp Was The Platypus Of The Cretaceous. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2013) Maritime Security: DHS Could Benefit from Tracking Progress in Implementing the Small Vessel Security Strategy. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nolan SA (2010) Ecopoetry and ecocentrism: The poetics of Wallace Stevens and William Carlos Williams. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin J (2017) Netflix Lets Viewers Pick the Plot. New York Times B1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Dolgin 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Dolgin 2012; Harris and Brugge 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Harris and Brugge 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Gershengorn et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal für Betriebswirtschaft
ISSN (print)0344-9327
ISSN (online)1614-631X

Other styles