How to format your references using the Journal Français d'Ophtalmologie citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal Français d'Ophtalmologie. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Navrotsky A. Nuclear Materials. Taking the measure of molten uranium oxide. Science 2014;346:916–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Alcorn JF, Kolls JK. Physiology. Killer fat. Science 2015;347:26–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
Levison HF, Kretke KA, Duncan MJ. Growing the gas-giant planets by the gradual accumulation of pebbles. Nature 2015;524:322–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Mondal M, Kamlapure A, Ganguli SC, Jesudasan J, Bagwe V, Benfatto L, et al. Enhancement of the finite-frequency superfluid response in the pseudogap regime of strongly disordered superconducting films. Sci Rep 2013;3:1357.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ponniah P. Data Warehousing Fundamentals for it Professionals. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
Belloni S. L’occhio, le sue malattie e le sue cure. Milano: Springer; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
Stöckmann H-J. Chaos in Microwave Resonators. In: Duplantier B, Nonnenmacher S, Rivasseau V, editors. Chaos: Poincaré Seminar 2010, Basel: Springer; 2013, p. 169–91.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal Français d'Ophtalmologie.

Blog post
Hale T. Irish Beach Reappears Within A Few Days After Disappearing 33 Years Ago. IFLScience 2017. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Child Support Enforcement: Leadership Essential to Implementing Effective Automated Systems. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1997.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
McCorvey ZJ. Addressing disruptive behaviors in an After School Program classroom: The effects of the Daily Behavior Report Card. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Woolfe Z. Once Rebels, Now Institutions. New York Times 2017:C5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal Français d'Ophtalmologie
AbbreviationJ. Fr. Ophtalmol.
ISSN (print)0181-5512

Other styles