How to format your references using the Journal Français d'Ophtalmologie citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal Français d'Ophtalmologie. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Petley DN. Geophysics. Characterizing giant landslides. Science 2013;339:1395–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ishizaki K, Noda S. Manipulation of photons at the surface of three-dimensional photonic crystals. Nature 2009;460:367–70.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bredesen DE, Rao RV, Mehlen P. Cell death in the nervous system. Nature 2006;443:796–802.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Blum JD, Klaue A, Nezat CA, Driscoll CT, Johnson CE, Siccama TG, et al. Mycorrhizal weathering of apatite as an important calcium source in base-poor forest ecosystems. Nature 2002;417:729–31.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wells R. Global Credit Management. Oxford, UK: John Wiley & Sons Ltd; 2004.
An edited book
Grizzard JD. Cardiovascular MRI in Practice: A Teaching File Approach. London: Springer; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
Zhou Q, Liu W, Long Y, Sun C, Jiang G. Toxicological Effects and Mechanisms of Silver Nanoparticles. In: Liu J, Jiang G, editors. Silver Nanoparticles in the Environment, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2015, p. 109–38.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal Français d'Ophtalmologie.

Blog post
Andrew E. Can Trees Really Change Sex? IFLScience 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. ADP Modernization: IRS’ Automated Examination System--Troubled Past, Uncertain Future. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1989.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Schoenecker KD. Determinants of life satisfaction: Generated and ranked by undergraduate college students. Doctoral dissertation. Indiana University, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
St. JOHN KELLY E. Navy Yard, Recommissioned. New York Times 1998:148.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal Français d'Ophtalmologie
AbbreviationJ. Fr. Ophtalmol.
ISSN (print)0181-5512

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