How to format your references using the Journal Français d'Ophtalmologie citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal Français d'Ophtalmologie. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ottino JM. Engineering complex systems. Nature 2004;427:399.
A journal article with 2 authors
Joly P-B, Rip A. A timely harvest. Nature 2007;450:174.
A journal article with 3 authors
Van Roy P, Daley AC, Briggs DEG. Anomalocaridid trunk limb homology revealed by a giant filter-feeder with paired flaps. Nature 2015;522:77–80.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Wu H-C, Mryasov ON, Abid M, Radican K, Shvets IV. Magnetization states of all-oxide spin valves controlled by charge-orbital ordering of coupled ferromagnets. Sci Rep 2013;3:1830.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Evans GM, Furlong JC. Environmental Biotechnology. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2010.
An edited book
Stamm M, editor. Polymer Surfaces and Interfaces: Characterization, Modification and Applications. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
Décary-Hétu D, Dupont B, Fortin F. Policing the Hackers by Hacking Them: Studying Online Deviants in IRC Chat Rooms. In: Masys AJ, editor. Networks and Network Analysis for Defence and Security, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014, p. 63–82.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal Français d'Ophtalmologie.

Blog post
Fang J. Nasty Virus Makes Crickets Sterile, but Horny. IFLScience 2014. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Review of the State of Ohio’s Fiscal Year 1975 State Plan for the Education of Handicapped Children. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1976.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Duran PE. Factors and prevention strategies to fight childhood obesity. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G. Remembering Waitz, a Champion and Companion. New York Times 2011:B13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal Français d'Ophtalmologie
AbbreviationJ. Fr. Ophtalmol.
ISSN (print)0181-5512

Other styles