How to format your references using the Journal Français d'Ophtalmologie citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal Français d'Ophtalmologie. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Allan V. Cell biology. One, two, three, cytoplasmic dynein is go! Science 2014;345:271–2.
A journal article with 2 authors
Devanna P, Vernes SC. A direct molecular link between the autism candidate gene RORa and the schizophrenia candidate MIR137. Sci Rep 2014;4:3994.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tiberti MM, Basili R, Vannoli P. Ups and downs in western Crete (Hellenic subduction zone). Sci Rep 2014;4:5677.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Offerman SE, van Dijk NH, Sietsma J, Grigull S, Lauridsen EM, Margulies L, et al. Grain nucleation and growth during phase transformations. Science 2002;298:1003–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Morgan A. Eating the Big Fish. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2009.
An edited book
Huang J, Kowalczyk R, Maamar Z, Martin D, Müller I, Stoutenburg S, et al., editors. Service-Oriented Computing: Agents, Semantics, and Engineering: AAMAS 2007 International Workshop, SOCASE 2007, Honolulu, HI, USA, May 14, 2007. Proceedings. vol. 4504. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
N. Makarov S, Ludwig R, Bitar SJ. Operational Amplifier and Amplifier Models. In: Ludwig R, Bitar SJ, editors. Practical Electrical Engineering, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016, p. 189–255.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal Français d'Ophtalmologie.

Blog post
Luntz S. Bionic Leaf Uses Bacteria To Convert Sunlight Into Fuel. IFLScience 2015. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Highway Contracting: Disadvantaged Business Eligibility Guidance and Oversight Are Ineffective. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1992.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lambert M. Generational Differences in the Workplace: The Perspectives of Three Generations on Career Mobility. Doctoral dissertation. George Washington University, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L. Court Veteran Remembers A Scary Start. New York Times 2006:A31.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal Français d'Ophtalmologie
AbbreviationJ. Fr. Ophtalmol.
ISSN (print)0181-5512

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