How to format your references using the Journal für Betriebswirtschaft citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal für Betriebswirtschaft. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Muramatsu T (2002) Development. Carbohydrate recognition in spermatogenesis. Science 295:53–54
A journal article with 2 authors
Elderfield H, Ganssen G (2000) Past temperature and delta18O of surface ocean waters inferred from foraminiferal Mg/Ca ratios. Nature 405:442–445
A journal article with 3 authors
Santiago J, Henzler C, Hothorn M (2013) Molecular mechanism for plant steroid receptor activation by somatic embryogenesis co-receptor kinases. Science 341:889–892
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Catteruccia F, Nolan T, Loukeris TG, et al (2000) Stable germline transformation of the malaria mosquito Anopheles stephensi. Nature 405:959–962

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pétrowski A, Ben-Hamida S (2017) Evolutionary Algorithms. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Kim-Prieto C (ed) (2014) Religion and Spirituality Across Cultures. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
Mooney RJ (2008) Learning Language from Its Perceptual Context. In: Daelemans W, Goethals B, Morik K (eds) Machine Learning and Knowledge Discovery in Databases: European Conference, ECML PKDD 2008, Antwerp, Belgium, September 15-19, 2008, Proceedings, Part I. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 5–5

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal für Betriebswirtschaft.

Blog post
Hale T (2017) Kid Working On WW2 Homework Finds Nazi Plane With Pilot’s Skeleton Inside. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2017) Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority: Improved Planning of Future Rehabilitation Projects Could Prevent Limitations Identified with SafeTrack. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Soma VM (2016) A particle filter methodology for salient object detection in videos. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Loomis G (2012) Franz Schreker’s Triumphant Return. New York Times 0

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Muramatsu 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Elderfield and Ganssen 2000; Muramatsu 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Elderfield and Ganssen 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Catteruccia et al. 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal für Betriebswirtschaft
ISSN (print)0344-9327
ISSN (online)1614-631X

Other styles