How to format your references using the Journal de Thérapie Comportementale et Cognitive citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal de Thérapie Comportementale et Cognitive. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Batygin K. A primordial origin for misalignments between stellar spin axes and planetary orbits. Nature 2012;491:418–20.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rubenstein DR, Lovette IJ. Reproductive skew and selection on female ornamentation in social species. Nature 2009;462:786–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
Le Mée L, Girardeau J, Monnier C. Mantle segmentation along the Oman ophiolite fossil mid-ocean ridge. Nature 2004;432:167–72.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Sakurai Y, Itou M, Barbiellini B, Mijnarends PE, Markiewicz RS, Kaprzyk S, et al. Imaging doped holes in a cuprate superconductor with high-resolution Compton scattering. Science 2011;332:698–702.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bolstad WM. Understanding Computational Bayesian Statistics. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2009.
An edited book
Bründermann E. Terahertz Techniques. vol. 151. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
Firoozye NB, Ariff F. Probability Applied. In: Ariff F, editor. Managing Uncertainty, Mitigating Risk: Tackling the Unknown in Financial Risk Assessment and Decision Making, London: Palgrave Macmillan UK; 2016, p. 81–102.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal de Thérapie Comportementale et Cognitive.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J. Hibernating Aliens May Explain Why We Haven’t Found Any Other Life Yet. IFLScience 2017.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Perkins Student Loans: Options That Could Make the Program More Financially Independent. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1991.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Moncur HB. Exploring primary caregivers’ perceptions of the effects of secondhand marijuana smoke on children: A quantitative study. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Corkery M. Business Leaders Urge Trump to Keep Shield in Place. New York Times 2017:A11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal de Thérapie Comportementale et Cognitive
ISSN (print)1155-1704
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health
Clinical Psychology
Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology

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