How to format your references using the Journal de pédiatrie et de puériculture citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal de pédiatrie et de puériculture. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Zhang R. Atmospheric science. Getting to the critical nucleus of aerosol formation. Science 2010;328:1366–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Guth AH, Kaiser DI. Inflationary cosmology: exploring the universe from the smallest to the largest scales. Science 2005;307:884–90.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sazonov SY, Lutovinov AA, Sunyaev RA. An apparently normal gamma-ray burst with an unusually low luminosity. Nature 2004;430:646–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Yang D, Peng S, Hartman MR, Gupton-Campolongo T, Rice EJ, Chang AK, et al. Enhanced transcription and translation in clay hydrogel and implications for early life evolution. Sci Rep 2013;3:3165.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kirwan MJ. Handbook of Paper and Paperboard Packaging Technology. Oxford: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2013.
An edited book
Borchers H-J. Mathematical Implications of Einstein-Weyl Causality. vol. 709. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
Premo LS. Mobility and Cultural Diversity in Central-Place Foragers: Implications for the Emergence of Modern Human Behavior. In: Mesoudi A, Aoki K, editors. Learning Strategies and Cultural Evolution during the Palaeolithic, Tokyo: Springer Japan; 2015, p. 45–65.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal de pédiatrie et de puériculture.

Blog post
Hale T. There’s Some Really Gross Stuff In A Lot Of Burgers. IFLScience 2016. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Airport Financing: Funding Sources for Airport Development. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1998.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Boyer MD. Organizational improvisation within an episodic planning model: A systems perspective. Doctoral dissertation. Capella University, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Benanav M. A Way of Life, Fading Away. New York Times 2017:TR8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal de pédiatrie et de puériculture
ISSN (print)0987-7983
ScopePediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Other styles