How to format your references using the Journal de pédiatrie et de puériculture citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal de pédiatrie et de puériculture. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Marris E. Carbon copies. Nature 2007;445:584–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Walker CL, Stewart EA. Uterine fibroids: the elephant in the room. Science 2005;308:1589–92.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gormley WT Jr, Phillips D, Gayer T. The early years. Preschool programs can boost school readiness. Science 2008;320:1723–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Zhang C, Wu B, Beglopoulos V, Wines-Samuelson M, Zhang D, Dragatsis I, et al. Presenilins are essential for regulating neurotransmitter release. Nature 2009;460:632–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Aronson DR. Evidence-Based Technical Analysis. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2006.
An edited book
Rovenský J, Herold M, Vašáková M, editors. Sine Syndromes in Rheumatology. Vienna: Springer; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Gergs A, Classen S, Strauss T, Ottermanns R, Brock TCM, Ratte HT, et al. Ecological Recovery Potential of Freshwater Organisms: Consequences for Environmental Risk Assessment of Chemicals. In: de Voogt P, editor. Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology Volume 236, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016, p. 259–94.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal de pédiatrie et de puériculture.

Blog post
Andrews R. Clean Energy Sources Provided Up To 50% Of The UK’s Electricity This Summer. IFLScience 2016. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Information Security: Software Change Controls at the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2000.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hagarty EP. A predictive risk modeling system for the management of small-scale water and wastewater facilities: Toward long-term sustainability of our national parks. Doctoral dissertation. George Washington University, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L. Conflicts for Justices Halt Appeal in Apartheid Case. New York Times 2008:A14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal de pédiatrie et de puériculture
ISSN (print)0987-7983
ScopePediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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