How to format your references using the Journal de Chirurgie Viscérale citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal de Chirurgie Viscérale. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pierrehumbert RT. The hydrologic cycle in deep-time climate problems. Nature 2002;419:191–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
Zubavicus Y, Grunze M. Chemistry. New insights into the structure of water with ultrafast probes. Science 2004;304:974–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
Karlseder J, Smogorzewska A, de Lange T. Senescence induced by altered telomere state, not telomere loss. Science 2002;295:2446–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Amini A, Cheng C, Kan Q, Naebe M, Song H. Phase transformation evolution in NiTi shape memory alloy under cyclic nanoindentation loadings at dissimilar rates. Sci Rep 2013;3:3412.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hersent O. IP Telephony. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2010.
An edited book
Marburg S, Nolte B, editors. Computational Acoustics of Noise Propagation in Fluids - Finite and Boundary Element Methods. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
Staver AC, Jong WDE, Kaimowitz D. NICARAGUA’S FRONTIER: THE BOSAWAS BIOSPHERE RESERVE. In: Jong WD, Donovan D, Abe K-I, editors. Extreme Conflict and Tropical Forests, Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2007, p. 57–74.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal de Chirurgie Viscérale.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J. Check Out This Amazing Video Of Apollo Photos Turned Into A Stop Motion Film. IFLScience 2015. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Air Traffic Control: Status of FAA’s Implementation of the Display System Replacement Project. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1999.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Slaughter RA. Tradition and Progress: California Fire Technology Directors Beliefs and Values. Doctoral dissertation. Pepperdine University, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly C. Cortlandt to Offer Plan To Lower Fuel Oil Costs. New York Times 2008:WE6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal de Chirurgie Viscérale
ISSN (print)1878-786X

Other styles