How to format your references using the Journal de Chirurgie Viscérale citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal de Chirurgie Viscérale. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Richardson DJ. Applied physics. Filling the light pipe. Science 2010;330:327–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wulf WA, Jones AK. Computer science. Reflections on cybersecurity. Science 2009;326:943–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kao MH, Doupe AJ, Brainard MS. Contributions of an avian basal ganglia-forebrain circuit to real-time modulation of song. Nature 2005;433:638–43.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Antoja T, Helmi A, Romero-Gómez M, Katz D, Babusiaux C, Drimmel R, et al. A dynamically young and perturbed Milky Way disk. Nature 2018;561:360–2.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Burd B. Java® For Dummies®. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley Publishing, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
Sui DZ, editor. Geospatial Technologies and Homeland Security: Research Frontiers and Future Challenges. vol. 94. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
Collas P, Taranger CK. Toward Reprogramming Cells to Pluripotency. In: Morser J, Nishikawa S-I, Schöler HR, editors. Stem Cells in Reproduction and in the Brain, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2006, p. 47–67.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal de Chirurgie Viscérale.

Blog post
Carpineti A. Seasons On Titan Have A Dramatic Effect On Its Atmosphere. IFLScience 2016. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Critical Infrastructure Protection: National Plan for Information Systems Protection. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2000.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bradnan DM. Cherelle Wilt in Theobroma cacao. Doctoral dissertation. University of Louisiana, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Ryerson J. University Presses. New York Times 2017:BR31.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal de Chirurgie Viscérale
ISSN (print)1878-786X

Other styles