How to format your references using the Journal de Chirurgie Viscérale citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal de Chirurgie Viscérale. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Goodman S. The familial balancing act. Nature 2005;433:552–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
Efremov RG, Sazanov LA. Structure of the membrane domain of respiratory complex I. Nature 2011;476:414–20.
A journal article with 3 authors
Huang X, Hansen N, Tsuji N. Hardening by annealing and softening by deformation in nanostructured metals. Science 2006;312:249–51.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Hwang UW, Friedrich M, Tautz D, Park CJ, Kim W. Mitochondrial protein phylogeny joins myriapods with chelicerates. Nature 2001;413:154–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lacaze PC, Lacroix J-C. Non-Volatile Memories. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2014.
An edited book
Erduran S, Jiménez-Aleixandre MP, editors. Argumentation in Science Education: Perspectives from Classroom-Based Research. vol. 35. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
Kulich M, Krajník T, Přeučil L, Duckett T. To Explore or to Exploit? Learning Humans’ Behaviour to Maximize Interactions with Them. In: Hodicky J, editor. Modelling and Simulation for Autonomous Systems: Third International Workshop, MESAS 2016, Rome, Italy, June 15-16, 2016, Revised Selected Papers, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016, p. 48–63.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal de Chirurgie Viscérale.

Blog post
Andrew E. Mental Health Is A Complex, Interactive Dance Of Nature And Nurture. IFLScience 2015. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Federal Research: Peer Review Practices at Federal Science Agencies Vary. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1999.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zhuang S. Enhancing Implicit Finite Element Sheet Forming Simulation. Doctoral dissertation. Ohio State University, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow K. Fish Are Running, Not the Meter. New York Times 2003:147.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal de Chirurgie Viscérale
ISSN (print)1878-786X

Other styles