How to format your references using the Journal de Chirurgie Viscérale citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal de Chirurgie Viscérale. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dalibard J. Journal club. A quantum-gas specialist learns about crystals from his own science. Nature 2009;457:639.
A journal article with 2 authors
Grimes RW, Nuttall WJ. Generating the option of a two-stage nuclear renaissance. Science 2010;329:799–803.
A journal article with 3 authors
Shao B, Feng M, Zuo X. Carrier-dependent magnetic anisotropy of cobalt doped titanium dioxide. Sci Rep 2014;4:7496.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Brileya KA, Connolly JM, Downey C, Gerlach R, Fields MW. Taxis toward hydrogen gas by Methanococcus maripaludis. Sci Rep 2013;3:3140.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stefanoiu D, Borne P, Popescu D, Filip FG, El Kamel A. Optimization in Engineering Sciences: Approximate and Metaheuristic Methods. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2014.
An edited book
Lugtenberg B, editor. Principles of Plant-Microbe Interactions: Microbes for Sustainable Agriculture. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Bereg S, Hong S-H, Katoh N, Poon S-H, Tanigawa S-I. On the Edge Crossing Properties of Euclidean Minimum Weight Laman Graphs. In: Cai L, Cheng S-W, Lam T-W, editors. Algorithms and Computation: 24th International Symposium, ISAAC 2013, Hong Kong, China, December 16-18, 2013, Proceedings, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013, p. 33–43.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal de Chirurgie Viscérale.

Blog post
Hale T. Watch A Bald Eagle Snatch A Baby Osprey From Its Nest. IFLScience 2016.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Aviation Security: Implementation of Recommendations Is Under Way, but Completion Will Take Several Years. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1998.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tucker CM. End-stage renal disease patients and dialysis: Can consistent transportation influence quality of life and treatment compliance? A grant writing project. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Poniewozik J, Hale M, Genzlinger N, Lyons M. An Hour, or Less, That Stood Out. New York Times 2016:C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal de Chirurgie Viscérale
ISSN (print)1878-786X

Other styles