How to format your references using the Journal de Chirurgie Viscérale citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal de Chirurgie Viscérale. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Benner SA. Natural progression. Nature 2001;409:459.
A journal article with 2 authors
Abanin DA, Levitov LS. Quantized Transport in Graphene p-n Junctions in a Magnetic Field. Science 2007;317:641–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
Contreras M, Ceric F, Torrealba F. Inactivation of the interoceptive insula disrupts drug craving and malaise induced by lithium. Science 2007;318:655–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Chambliss AB, Khatau SB, Erdenberger N, Robinson DK, Hodzic D, Longmore GD, et al. The LINC-anchored actin cap connects the extracellular milieu to the nucleus for ultrafast mechanotransduction. Sci Rep 2013;3:1087.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Allsopp W. Advanced Penetration Testing. Indianapolis, Indiana: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2017.
An edited book
Awrejcewicz J, Kaliński KJ, Szewczyk R, Kaliczyńska M, editors. Mechatronics: Ideas, Challenges, Solutions and Applications. vol. 414. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Peña A, Sossa H, Gutiérrez A. Knowledge and Reasoning Supported by Cognitive Maps. In: Gelbukh A, Albornoz Á de, Terashima-Marín H, editors. MICAI 2005: Advances in Artificial Intelligence: 4th Mexican International Conference on Artificial Intelligence, Monterrey, Mexico, November 14-18, 2005. Proceedings, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2005, p. 41–50.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal de Chirurgie Viscérale.

Blog post
Andrew E. Do Babies Feel Tickles In A Different Way To Adults? IFLScience 2015. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. CEC Sale of Federal Spectrum. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1996.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Evans KM. Evolution of Craniofacial Diversity in Neotropical Electric Fishes (Gymnotiformes: Teleostei). Doctoral dissertation. University of Louisiana, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
de la MERCED MJ. Blue Apron Pursues I.P.O. As Amazon Poses Threat. New York Times 2017:B2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal de Chirurgie Viscérale
ISSN (print)1878-786X

Other styles