How to format your references using the Journal d'imagerie diagnostique et interventionnelle citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal d'imagerie diagnostique et interventionnelle. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Renton P. Has the Higgs boson been discovered? Nature 2004;428:141–4.
A journal article with 2 authors
Subramanian MA, Manzer LE. A “greener” synthetic route for fluoroaromatics via copper (II) fluoride. Science 2002;297:1665.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dillon RJ, Vennard CT, Charnley AK. Exploitation of gut bacteria in the locust. Nature 2000;403:851.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Musallam S, Corneil BD, Greger B, Scherberger H, Andersen RA. Cognitive control signals for neural prosthetics. Science 2004;305:258–62.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kaschke M, Donnerhacke K-H, Rill MS. Optical Devices in Ophthalmology and Optometry. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2014.
An edited book
Pillai P, Shorey R, Ferro E, editors. Personal Satellite Services: 4th International ICST Conference, PSATS 2012, Bradford, UK, March 22-23, 2012. Revised Selected Papers. vol. 52. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Kitaev S, Lozin V. Characterization of Word-Representable Graphs in Terms of Semi-transitive Orientations. In: Lozin V, editor. Words and Graphs, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015, p. 57–79.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal d'imagerie diagnostique et interventionnelle.

Blog post
Carpineti A. Why Can’t We See Stars In Space Photographs? IFLScience 2016. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Small Business Innovation Research: SBA Should Work with Agencies to Improve the Data Available for Program Evaluation. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2011.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pulido BB. Homes as grounding counterspaces: Mexicana undocumented students utilizing mother-daughter pedagogies of resistance to succeed in higher education. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G. A Light in Captivity, and a Subject for Writing. New York Times 2012:B11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal d'imagerie diagnostique et interventionnelle
ISSN (print)2543-3431

Other styles