How to format your references using the Jahrbuch der Österreichischen Byzantinischen Gesellschaft citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Jahrbuch der Österreichischen Byzantinischen Gesellschaft. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
A. MAXMEN, The hard facts. Nature 485 (2012/7400) S50-1.
A journal article with 2 authors
I. A. KOVÁCS – A.-L. BARABÁSI, Network science: Destruction perfected. Nature 524 (2015/7563) 38–39.
A journal article with 3 authors
L. F. SCATENA – M. G. BROWN – G. L. RICHMOND, Water at hydrophobic surfaces: weak hydrogen bonding and strong orientation effects. Science 292 (2001/5518) 908–912.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
L. ANG – S. ARBOLEYA – G. LIHUA – Y. CHUIHUI – Q. NAN – M. SUAREZ – G. SOLÍS – C. G. DE LOS REYES-GAVILÁN – M. GUEIMONDE, The establishment of the infant intestinal microbiome is not affected by rotavirus vaccination. Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 7417.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
D. BENEKE – M. PETERS – D. GLASSER – D. HILDEBRANDT, Understanding Distillation Using Column Profile Maps. Hoboken, NJ 2012.
An edited book
C.C. KAEDING – J.R. BORCHERS, Hamstring and Quadriceps Injuries in Athletes: A Clinical Guide. Boston, MA 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
G. M. HEREK, Sexual Stigma and Sexual Prejudice in the United States: A Conceptual Framework, in: Contemporary Perspectives on Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Identities (Nebraska Symposium on Motivation) (ed. D.A. HOPE). New York, NY 2009, 65–111.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Jahrbuch der Österreichischen Byzantinischen Gesellschaft.

Blog post
J. FANG, DNA GPS Maps Where Your Ancestors Lived. 2014.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE, Maritime Infrastructure: Key Issues Related to Commercial Activity in the U.S. Arctic over the Next Decade. Washington, DC 2014.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
M. GARCIA, A.R.T. / Atmospheric. Retail. Therapy. Washington, DC 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
K. FEENEY, Storefront Takeout, From Scratch. New York Times (2007) NJ6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference A. MAXMEN, The hard facts. Nature 485 (2012/7400) S50-1..
This sentence cites two references A. MAXMEN, The hard facts. Nature 485 (2012/7400) S50-1; I. A. KOVÁCS – A.-L. BARABÁSI, Network science: Destruction perfected. Nature 524 (2015/7563) 38–39..

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors:
  • Three authors:
  • 4 or more authors: L. ANG et al., The establishment of the infant intestinal microbiome is not affected by rotavirus vaccination. Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 7417.

About the journal

Full journal titleJahrbuch der Österreichischen Byzantinischen Gesellschaft
ISSN (print)0378-8660
ISSN (online)1810-536X
Literature and Literary Theory
Visual Arts and Performing Arts

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