How to format your references using the Jahrbuch der Österreichischen Byzantinischen Gesellschaft citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Jahrbuch der Österreichischen Byzantinischen Gesellschaft. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
V. SMETACEK, A watery arms race. Nature 411 (2001/6839) 745.
A journal article with 2 authors
K. J. WILLIS – H. J. B. BIRKS, What is natural? The need for a long-term perspective in biodiversity conservation. Science 314 (2006/5803) 1261–1265.
A journal article with 3 authors
A. MOLES – B. L. KIEFFER – F. R. D’AMATO, Deficit in attachment behavior in mice lacking the mu-opioid receptor gene. Science 304 (2004/5679) 1983–1986.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Y. HWANG – S. SUK – Y.-R. V. SHIH – T. SEO – B. DU – Y. XIE – Z. LI – S. VARGHESE, WNT3A promotes myogenesis of human embryonic stem cells and enhances in vivo engraftment. Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 5916.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
M. ALLEN, Foundations of Forensic Document Analysis. Chichester, UK 2015.
An edited book
J. ZHENG – S. MAO – S.F. MIDKIFF – H. ZHU, Ad Hoc Networks: First International Conference, ADHOCNETS 2009, Niagara Falls, Ontario, Canada, September 22-25, 2009. Revised Selected Papers (Lecture Notes of the Institute for Computer Sciences, Social Informatics and Telecommunications Engineering). Berlin, Heidelberg 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
M. GERVAIS – E. UBALIJORO, Productive Remembering for Social Action and Change, in: Productive Remembering and Social Agency (Transgressions) (ed. T. STRONG-WILSON – C. MITCHELL – A. SUSANN – K. PITHOUSE-MORGAN). Rotterdam 2013, 61–74.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Jahrbuch der Österreichischen Byzantinischen Gesellschaft.

Blog post
E. ANDREW, Dear Parents, You Are Being Lied To. 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE, Student Consolidation Loans: Further Analysis Could Lead to Enhanced Default Assumptions for Budgetary Cost Estimates. Washington, DC 2004.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
J. C. GRIFFIN, Animal and soul: Animals in Native American mythologies and the individuation process. Carpinteria, CA 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
G. VECSEY, Jets May Change, But Ryan Says He Won’t. New York Times (2011) B11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleJahrbuch der Österreichischen Byzantinischen Gesellschaft
ISSN (print)0378-8660
ISSN (online)1810-536X
Literature and Literary Theory
Visual Arts and Performing Arts

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