How to format your references using the JACC: Cardiovascular Imaging citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for JACC: Cardiovascular Imaging (JCMG). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
van den Heuvel EPJ. Astronomy. Pulsar magnetospheres and pulsar death. Science 2006;312(5773):539–40.
A journal article with 2 authors
Veiseh O., Langer R. Diabetes: A smart insulin patch. Nature 2015;524(7563):39–40.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hattori Y., Tomonaga M., Matsuzawa T. Spontaneous synchronized tapping to an auditory rhythm in a chimpanzee. Sci Rep 2013;3:1566.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Shen W., Wang C., Xia L., et al. Epigenetic modification of the leptin promoter in diet-induced obese mice and the effects of N-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids. Sci Rep 2014;4:5282.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Crichton RR., Ward RJ. Metal-based Neurodegeneration. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2006.
An edited book
Asuelime L., Francis S. Selected Themes in African Political Studies: Political Conflict and Stability. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Lo J-J., Ji N-W., Syu Y-H., You W-J., Chen Y-T. Developing a Digital Game-Based Situated Learning System for Ocean Ecology. In: Pan Z, Cheok AD, Müller W, and Rhalibi AE, editors. Transactions on Edutainment I. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008. p. 51–61.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for JACC: Cardiovascular Imaging.

Blog post
Fang J. Bird Genomes Contain Ancient Traces Of Modern Human Parasites. IFLScience. Available at: Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Review of Certain Aspects of the Head Start Program Operated by the Community Education Extension of Mary Holmes College, Jackson, Mississippi. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1974.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Blumenthal PM. Local Land Use Regulatory Regimes and Residential Development Outcomes: An Analysis of Subdivision Review in Four Counties in the DC Region. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University, Washington, DC, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner J. How to Endure Extra Innings? For Granderson, It’s Sip by Sip. New York Times 2017:D1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleJACC: Cardiovascular Imaging
AbbreviationJACC Cardiovasc. Imaging
ISSN (print)1936-878X
ISSN (online)1876-7591
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

Other styles