How to format your references using the JACC: Cardiovascular Imaging citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for JACC: Cardiovascular Imaging (JCMG). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Lepenies W. Cultures of knowledge. Nature 2001;410(6829):629–30.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Evans EA., Calderwood DA. Forces and bond dynamics in cell adhesion. Science 2007;316(5828):1148–53.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Lambeck K., Esat TM., Potter E-K. Links between climate and sea levels for the past three million years. Nature 2002;419(6903):199–206.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Quhe R., Yuan Y., Zheng J., et al. Does the Dirac cone exist in silicene on metal substrates? Sci Rep 2014;4:5476.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Dallas HJ. Mastering the Challenges of Leading change. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2015.
An edited book
1.
Fusiello A., Murino V., Cucchiara R. Computer Vision – ECCV 2012. Workshops and Demonstrations: Florence, Italy, October 7-13, 2012, Proceedings, Part III. vol. 7585. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Malaval P., Bénaroya C., Aflalo J. Marketing and Sales Action Plan. In: Bénaroya C, and Aflalo J, editors. Aerospace Marketing Management: A Handbook for the Entire Value Chain. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014. p. 157–70.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for JACC: Cardiovascular Imaging.

Blog post
1.
Hale T. Thousand Of Migrating Snow Geese Die After Landing In Toxic Mine. IFLScience. Available at: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/thousand-of-migrating-snow-geese-die-after-landing-in-toxic-mine/. Accessed October 30, 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Amtrak: Financial Condition Has Deteriorated and Future Costs Make Recovery Difficult. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1994.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Warren PD. Characterizing polymers for cardiovascular devices. Doctoral dissertation, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Fernandez M., Kulish N., Anasagasti S. For Migrants, Peril on 18 Wheels; For Smugglers, a Profit Machine. New York Times 2017:A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleJACC: Cardiovascular Imaging
AbbreviationJACC Cardiovasc. Imaging
ISSN (print)1936-878X
ISSN (online)1876-7591
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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