How to format your references using the IZA Journal of Labor & Development citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IZA Journal of Labor & Development. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Csatho BM (2015) Climate science: A history of Greenland’s ice loss. Nature 528:341–343
A journal article with 2 authors
Szule JA, Coorssen JR (2004) Comment on “Transmembrane segments of syntaxin line the fusion pore of Ca2+-triggered exocytosis.” Science 306:813; author reply 813
A journal article with 3 authors
Haile-Selassie Y, Suwa G, White TD (2004) Late Miocene teeth from Middle Awash, Ethiopia, and early hominid dental evolution. Science 303:1503–1505
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Kollmann M, Løvdok L, Bartholomé K, et al (2005) Design principles of a bacterial signalling network. Nature 438:504–507

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wegener E (2003) Montagegerechte Anlagenplanung. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG
An edited book
Carreira S (2016) Youngsters Solving Mathematical Problems with Technology: The Results and Implications of the Problem@Web Project, 1st ed. 2016. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Marzin J, Daviron B, Rafflegeau S (2015) Family Farming and Other Forms of Agriculture. In: Sourisseau J-M (ed) Family Farming and the Worlds to Come. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 71–89

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IZA Journal of Labor & Development.

Blog post
Hale T (2017) Svalbard “Doomsday” Seed Vault To Get Revamp After Permafrost Melt Leak. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2010) Low-Income and Minority Serving Institutions: Sustained Attention Needed to Improve Education’s Oversight of Grant Programs. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kory R (2017) Development of an educational seminar for college female athletes, coaches, athletic directors and parents on the female athlete triad. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Chen DW, Walsh MW (2014) City’s System for Pensions Shows Strain. New York Times A1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Csatho 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Szule and Coorssen 2004; Csatho 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Szule and Coorssen 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Kollmann et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleIZA Journal of Labor & Development
ISSN (online)2193-9020

Other styles