How to format your references using the Israel Journal of Ecology & Evolution citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Israel Journal of Ecology & Evolution. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Coscia M. 2014. Average is boring: how similarity kills a meme’s success. Sci Rep. 4:6477.
A journal article with 2 authors
Reik W, Kelsey G. 2014. Epigenetics: Cellular memory erased in human embryos. Nature. 511(7511):540–541.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wang Y, Ran S, Yang G. 2014. Single molecular investigation of DNA looping and aggregation by restriction endonuclease BspMI. Sci Rep. 4:5897.
A journal article with 12 or more authors
Vastenhouw NL, Brunschwig K, Okihara KL, Müller F, Tijsterman M, Plasterk RHA. 2006. Gene expression: long-term gene silencing by RNAi. Nature. 442(7105):882.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gaffikin F, Morrissey M. 2011. Planning in Divided Cities: Collaborative Shaping of Contested Space. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Bouguettaya A. 2009. Access to Mobile Services. Yang X, editor. Boston, MA: Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Ruggeri T, Sugiyama M. 2015. RET of Rarefied Monatomic Gas. In: Sugiyama M, editor. Rational Extended Thermodynamics beyond the Monatomic Gas. Cham: Springer International Publishing; p. 79–106.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Israel Journal of Ecology & Evolution.

Blog post
Andrew E. 2015. Does Global Warming Mean More Or Less Snow? IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2016. Information Technology: FEMA Needs to Address Management Weaknesses to Improve Its Systems. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Anaya S. 2009. Animo clinician training program for detection and treatment of depression during pregnancy and postpartum depression in low income Latina women a grant proposal project [Doctoral dissertation]. Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney K. 2009. Croissants and Buttery Bliss. New York Times.:NJ12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Coscia 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Reik & Kelsey 2014; Coscia 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Reik & Kelsey 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Vastenhouw et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleIsrael Journal of Ecology & Evolution
AbbreviationIsr. J. Ecol. Evol.
ISSN (print)1565-9801
ISSN (online)2224-4662
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology
Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

Other styles