How to format your references using the Israel Journal of Ecology & Evolution citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Israel Journal of Ecology & Evolution. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Goldston D. 2012. Time to stop relying on things past. Nature. 492(7429):313.
A journal article with 2 authors
Miller AI, Foote M. 2003. Increased longevities of post-Paleozoic marine genera after mass extinctions. Science. 302(5647):1030–1032.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ehrsson HH, Spence C, Passingham RE. 2004. That’s my hand! Activity in premotor cortex reflects feeling of ownership of a limb. Science. 305(5685):875–877.
A journal article with 12 or more authors
Fairman ME, Maroney PA, Wang W, Bowers HA, Gollnick P, Nilsen TW, Jankowsky E. 2004. Protein displacement by DExH/D “RNA helicases” without duplex unwinding. Science. 304(5671):730–734.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Brower MC. 2012. Wind Resource Assessment. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Söderhäll K, editor. 2010. Invertebrate Immunity. Boston, MA: Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Wang J. 2015. Family and Autonomy: Towards Shared Medical Decision-Making in Light of Confucianism. In: Fan R, editor. Family-Oriented Informed Consent: East Asian and American Perspectives. Cham: Springer International Publishing; p. 63–80.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Israel Journal of Ecology & Evolution.

Blog post
Andrew E. 2014. Asteroid Discovered Just Days Ago Will Approach Closer Than The Moon This Weekend. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2017. Department of Transportation: Experts Identified Areas for Operational Improvements without Implementing Organizational Changes. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Yoon Y. 2010. Nano-tribology of discrete track recording media [Doctoral dissertation]. La Jolla, CA: University of California San Diego.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rutenberg J. 2016. News Outlets Wonder Where They Stumbled. New York Times.:A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Goldston 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Miller and Foote 2003; Goldston 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Miller and Foote 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Fairman et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleIsrael Journal of Ecology & Evolution
AbbreviationIsr. J. Ecol. Evol.
ISSN (print)1565-9801
ISSN (online)2224-4662
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology
Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

Other styles