How to format your references using the Israel Journal of Ecology & Evolution citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Israel Journal of Ecology & Evolution. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Carlsson A. 2001. A paradigm shift in brain research. Science. 294:1021–1024.
A journal article with 2 authors
Quasdorf KW, Overman LE. 2014. Catalytic enantioselective synthesis of quaternary carbon stereocentres. Nature. 516:181–191.
A journal article with 3 authors
Carr S, Heard DE, Blitz MA. 2009. Comment on “Atmospheric hydroxyl radical production from electronically excited NO2 and H2O.” Science. 324:336; author reply 336.
A journal article with 12 or more authors
Ricci-Vitiani L, Lombardi DG, Pilozzi E, Biffoni M, Todaro M, Peschle C, De Maria R. 2007. Identification and expansion of human colon-cancer-initiating cells. Nature. 445:111–115.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hofmeyr GJ, Neilson JP, Alfirevic Z, Crowther CA, Gülmezoglu AM, Hodnett ED, Gyte GML, Duley L. 2008. A Cochrane Pocketbook: Pregnancy and Childbirth. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Abu el Ata N. 2016. The Tyranny of Uncertainty: A New Framework to Predict, Remediate and Monitor Risk. Schmandt R, editor. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Mishra PK, Singh K, Baruntar S. 2012. ID-Based Threshold Signcryption and Group Unsigncryption. In: Thampi SM, Zomaya AY, Strufe T, Alcaraz Calero JM, Thomas T, editors. Recent Trends in Computer Networks and Distributed Systems Security: International Conference, SNDS 2012, Trivandrum, India, October 11-12, 2012 Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; p. 35–44.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Israel Journal of Ecology & Evolution.

Blog post
Andrew E. 2014. NASA Hosting Asteroid Hunting Contest. IFLScience [Internet]. [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2006. Commercial Aviation: Programs and Options for the Federal Approach to Providing and Improving Air Service to Small Communities. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Vento-Wilson M. 2012. The role of the speech-language pathologist and augmentative and alternative communication with acute care patients with severe communication impairments [Doctoral dissertation]. Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barron J. 2017. Trinity Church Is Sued For Moving a Sculpture. New York Times.:C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Carlsson 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Carlsson 2001; Quasdorf & Overman 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Quasdorf & Overman 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Ricci-Vitiani et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleIsrael Journal of Ecology & Evolution
AbbreviationIsr. J. Ecol. Evol.
ISSN (print)1565-9801
ISSN (online)2224-4662
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology
Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

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