How to format your references using the Iranian Journal of Environmental Health Science & Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Iranian Journal of Environmental Health Science & Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Loder N. UK labs impeded by old equipment. Nature. 2000;405:496.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Kincaid C, Griffiths RW. Laboratory models of the thermal evolution of the mantle during rollback subduction. Nature. 2003;425:58–62.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Ohmoto H, Watanabe Y, Kumazawa K. Evidence from massive siderite beds for a CO2-rich atmosphere before approximately 1.8 billion years ago. Nature. 2004;429:395–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Zhang N, Wang X, Ye Z, Jin Y. A quantitative study of chemical kinetics for the synthesis of doped oxide nanocrystals using FTIR. Sci Rep. 2014;4:4353.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Coulson J. Sustainable Use of Wood in Construction. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2014.
An edited book
1. Flint G, Rusbridge C, editors. Syringomyelia: A Disorder of CSF Circulation. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Villena JF, Schilders WHA, Miguel Silveira L. Parametric Structure-Preserving Model Order Reduction. In: Hasler P, Mooney V, Reis R, editors. VLSI-SoC: Advanced Topics on Systems on a Chip: A Selection of Extended Versions of the Best Papers of the Fourteenth International Conference on Very Large Scale Integration of System on Chip (VLSI-SoC2007), October 15-17, 2007, Atlanta, USA. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2009. p. 1–20.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Iranian Journal of Environmental Health Science & Engineering.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Doomed Russian Spacecraft Will Re-Enter Earth’s Atmosphere On May 8th. IFLScience. 2015. Accessed 30 Oct 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Administration of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 in the Michigan and Ohio State Departments of Education. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1972.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Ko T-CT. The ALISA delta(CRC) classifier for natural surfaces: Viewpoint-invariant and illumination-invariant classification of natural surfaces using general-purpose color and texture features with the ALISA delta(CRC) classifier. Doctoral dissertation. George Washington University; 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Cooper M. Listen In, With the Bird Man of Classical. New York Times. 2017;:C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIranian Journal of Environmental Health Science & Engineering
ISSN (print)1735-2746

Other styles