How to format your references using the Iranian Journal of Environmental Health Science & Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Iranian Journal of Environmental Health Science & Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Baughman RH. Materials science. Muscles made from metal. Science. 2003;300:268–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Harvey THP, Butterfield NJ. Sophisticated particle-feeding in a large Early Cambrian crustacean. Nature. 2008;452:868–71.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Turalska M, West BJ, Grigolini P. Role of committed minorities in times of crisis. Sci Rep. 2013;3:1371.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Zhang S, Kanemitsu Y, Fujitani M, Yamashita T. The newly identified migration inhibitory protein regulates the radial migration in the developing neocortex. Sci Rep. 2014;4:5984.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Knudsen S. Cancer Diagnostics with DNA Microarrays. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2005.
An edited book
1. Weber WG, Thoma M, Ostendorf A, Chisholm L, editors. Democratic Competences and Social Practices in Organizations. Wiesbaden: VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Erradi A, Maheshwari P, Tosic V. Policy-Driven Middleware for Self-adaptation of Web Services Compositions. In: Steen M van, Henning M, editors. Middleware 2006: ACM/IFIP/USENIX 7th International Middleware Conference, Melbourne, Australia, November 27-December 1, 2006. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2006. p. 62–80.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Iranian Journal of Environmental Health Science & Engineering.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Using Seawater To Create Jet Fuel. IFLScience. 2014. Accessed 30 Oct 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Federally Funded R&D Centers: Issues Relating to the Management of DOD-Sponsored Centers. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1996.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Shockley C. Mental health parity law: A policy analysis. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Eddy M, Kishkovsky S. Bolshoi Director Is Upbeat About His Recovery. New York Times. 2013;:C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIranian Journal of Environmental Health Science & Engineering
ISSN (print)1735-2746

Other styles