How to format your references using the Iranian Journal of Environmental Health Science & Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Iranian Journal of Environmental Health Science & Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Richman DD. HIV chemotherapy. Nature. 2001;410:995–1001.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Lechler T, Fuchs E. Asymmetric cell divisions promote stratification and differentiation of mammalian skin. Nature. 2005;437:275–80.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Maiorano D, Moreau J, Méchali M. XCDT1 is required for the assembly of pre-replicative complexes in Xenopus laevis. Nature. 2000;404:622–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Wei W, Xu C, Wu L, Wang J, Ren J, Qu X. Non-enzymatic-browning-reaction: a versatile route for production of nitrogen-doped carbon dots with tunable multicolor luminescent display. Sci Rep. 2014;4:3564.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. El Hami A, Radi B. Uncertainty and Optimization in Structural Mechanics. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
1. Proulx T, editor. MEMS and Nanotechnology, Volume 2: Proceedings of the 2010 Annual Conference on Experimental and Applied Mechanics. New York, NY: Springer; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Rahmandoust M, Ayatollahi MR. CNT/FRP Composites. In: Ayatollahi MR, editor. Characterization of Carbon Nanotube Based Composites under Consideration of Defects. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 177–217.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Iranian Journal of Environmental Health Science & Engineering.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. How Did Life On Earth Start? IFLScience. 2015. https://www.iflscience.com/environment/how-did-life-earth-start/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Aviation Finance: Observations on the Current FAA Funding Structure’s Support for Aviation Activities, Issues Affecting Future Costs, and Proposed Funding Changes. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2007.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Baker NS. Bridging the Gap: Finding the Language of Soul. Doctoral dissertation. Pacifica Graduate Institute; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Barron J. MetroCard Replacement Will Be Safe, Officials Say. New York Times. 2017;:A16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIranian Journal of Environmental Health Science & Engineering
ISSN (print)1735-2746
Scope

Other styles