How to format your references using the IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Abbott A 2003 Anthropologists cast doubt on human DNA evidence Nature 423 468
A journal article with 2 authors
von Messling V and Cattaneo R 2012 Virology. A henipavirus vaccine in sight Science 337 651–2
A journal article with 3 authors
Rich P D, Liaw H-P and Lee A K 2014 Place cells. Large environments reveal the statistical structure governing hippocampal representations Science 345 814–7
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Daffis S, Szretter K J, Schriewer J, Li J, Youn S, Errett J, Lin T-Y, Schneller S, Zust R, Dong H, Thiel V, Sen G C, Fensterl V, Klimstra W B, Pierson T C, Buller R M, Gale M Jr, Shi P-Y and Diamond M S 2010 2’-O methylation of the viral mRNA cap evades host restriction by IFIT family members Nature 468 452–6

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Nguyen T 2012 Investing in the High Yield Municipal Market (Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.)
An edited book
Otnes R 2012 Underwater Acoustic Networking Techniques ed A Asterjadhi, P Casari, M Goetz, T Husøy, I Nissen, K Rimstad, P van Walree and M Zorzi (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer)
A chapter in an edited book
Thomas J-B, Hardeberg J Y and Trémeau A 2013 Cross-Media Color Reproduction and Display Characterization Advanced Color Image Processing and Analysis ed C Fernandez-Maloigne (New York, NY: Springer) pp 81–118

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering.

Blog post
Fang J 2014 Wasps Make Caterpillar Mummies IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 2009 Missouri River Navigation: Data on Commodity Shipments for Four States Served by the Missouri River and Two States Served by Both the Missouri and Mississippi Rivers (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tian C Y 2010 Studies of equilibrium conditions in housing markets Doctoral dissertation (Washington, DC: George Washington University)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Casselman B 2017 Wealth Grew Broadly Over 3 Years, but Inequality Also Widened New York Times B3

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering
AbbreviationIOP Conf. Ser. Mater. Sci. Eng.
ISSN (print)1757-8981
ISSN (online)1757-899X

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