How to format your references using the IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Brody H 2014 Lung cancer Nature 513 S1
A journal article with 2 authors
Zaher H S and Green R 2009 Quality control by the ribosome following peptide bond formation Nature 457 161–6
A journal article with 3 authors
Attardo A, Fitzgerald J E and Schnitzer M J 2015 Impermanence of dendritic spines in live adult CA1 hippocampus Nature 523 592–6
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Throop H B, Bally J, Esposito L W and McCaughrean M J 2001 Evidence for dust grain growth in young circumstellar disks Science 292 1686–9

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Marx F G, Lambert O and Uhen M D 2016 Cetacean Paleobiology (Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd)
An edited book
Fisher P T 2009 Spring Persistence: A Running Start ed S Duskis (Berkeley, CA: Apress)
A chapter in an edited book
Brown E, Morales M A, Pierleoni C and Ceperley D 2014 Quantum Monte Carlo Techniques and Applications for Warm Dense Matter Frontiers and Challenges in Warm Dense Matter Lecture Notes in Computational Science and Engineering ed F Graziani, M P Desjarlais, R Redmer and S B Trickey (Cham: Springer International Publishing) pp 123–49

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J 2017 One Of Earth’s Closest Failed Stars May Actually Be A Rogue Planet IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1994 Highway Planning: Agencies Are Attempting to Expedite Environmental Reviews, but Barriers Remain (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Obiedat M 2015 Incrementally Sorted Lattice Data Structures Doctoral dissertation (Washington, DC: George Washington University)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Wagner J 2016 Indians’ Kluber Emerges as a Postseason Power New York Times D3

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering
AbbreviationIOP Conf. Ser. Mater. Sci. Eng.
ISSN (print)1757-8981
ISSN (online)1757-899X

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