How to format your references using the IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Knight J 2003 NASA seeks inspiration from microscopic views of life Nature 421 878
A journal article with 2 authors
Hedstrom L and Frey P A 2000 Robert H. Abeles (1926-2000) Nature 407 854
A journal article with 3 authors
Randau L, Schröder I and Söll D 2008 Life without RNase P Nature 453 120–3
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Dollar G L, Weber U, Mlodzik M and Sokol S Y 2005 Regulation of Lethal giant larvae by Dishevelled Nature 437 1376–80

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Billingsley J 2006 Essentials of Mechatronics (Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.)
An edited book
Fleming W H 2006 Controlled Markov Processes and Viscosity Solutions vol 25, ed H M Soner (New York, NY: Springer)
A chapter in an edited book
Coats B and Acharya S 2013 Achieving Electronic Health Record Access from the Cloud Human-Computer Interaction. Applications and Services: 15th International Conference, HCI International 2013, Las Vegas, NV, USA, July 21-26, 2013, Proceedings, Part II Lecture Notes in Computer Science ed M Kurosu (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer) pp 26–35

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering.

Blog post
Andrew E 2014 Action shot of sexual reproduction of 100-million-year-old-flower has been preserved in amber IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1988 Space Shuttle: The Future of the Vandenberg Launch Site Needs to Be Determined (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Vallaster J R 2019 Recognizing and Supporting the Forgotten Poverty Frontier: Exploring Suburban School Poverty in Elementary Schools Doctoral dissertation (Washington, DC: George Washington University)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Ortved J 2017 Dressing for Success At the Fish Market New York Times D8

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering
AbbreviationIOP Conf. Ser. Mater. Sci. Eng.
ISSN (print)1757-8981
ISSN (online)1757-899X

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