How to format your references using the IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rogers K C 2002 Nuclear research. The past and future of University research reactors Science 295 2217–8
A journal article with 2 authors
Dixson D L and Hay M E 2012 Corals chemically cue mutualistic fishes to remove competing seaweeds Science 338 804–7
A journal article with 3 authors
Sugase K, Dyson H J and Wright P E 2007 Mechanism of coupled folding and binding of an intrinsically disordered protein Nature 447 1021–5
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Giacco F, Ciamarra M P, Saggese L, de Arcangelis L and Lippiello E 2014 Non-monotonic dependence of the friction coefficient on heterogeneous stiffness Sci. Rep. 4 6772

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lehto J and Hou X 2010 Chemistry and Analysis of Radionuclides (Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA)
An edited book
Wahlster W 2013 SemProM: Foundations of Semantic Product Memories for the Internet of Things (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer)
A chapter in an edited book
Wang L, Hu Y and Qiu D 2011 The Study of Applying Black-Scholes Option Pricing Model to the Term Life Insurance Quantitative Financial Risk Management ed D Wu (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer) pp 47–54

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering.

Blog post
Fang J 2014 Females Rise in Baboon Ranks With Help From Moms and Sisters IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1980 GSA Lease Prospectuses Provide a Reasonable Basis for the Congress To Approve Proposed Space Acquisitions (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kelly E J 2016 What experiences create and nurture a love of science? Doctoral dissertation (Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L 2008 Justices Broaden Immunity For Officers New York Times A16

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering
AbbreviationIOP Conf. Ser. Mater. Sci. Eng.
ISSN (print)1757-8981
ISSN (online)1757-899X

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