How to format your references using the IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Willyard C 2013 Pathology: At the heart of the problem Nature 493 S10-1
A journal article with 2 authors
Miroshnichenko A E and Kivshar Y S 2013 Applied physics. Polarization traffic control for surface plasmons Science 340 283–4
A journal article with 3 authors
Meza L R, Das S and Greer J R 2014 Strong, lightweight, and recoverable three-dimensional ceramic nanolattices Science 345 1322–6
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Sha Z D, Quek S S, Pei Q X, Liu Z S, Wang T J, Shenoy V B and Zhang Y W 2014 Inverse pseudo Hall-Petch relation in polycrystalline graphene Sci. Rep. 4 5991

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Carrega P 2010 Geographical Information and Climatology (Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc)
An edited book
Neote K, Letts G L and Moser B 2007 Chemokine Biology — Basic Research and Clinical Application: Volume II: Pathophysiology of Chemokines (Basel: Birkhäuser)
A chapter in an edited book
Grilo I and Thurik A R 2006 Entrepreneurship in the Old and New Europe Entrepreneurship, Growth, and Innovation: The Dynamics of Firms and Industries International Studies in Entrepreneurship ed E Santarelli (Boston, MA: Springer US) pp 75–103

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering.

Blog post
Andrew E 2015 How To Protect Planes And Passengers From Explosions On The Surface Of The Sun IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1986 Space Shuttle: NASA’s Procurement of Solid Rocket Booster Motors (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Taaz Z 2017 Boiler automation and monitoring of temperature and steam flow using Simulink Doctoral dissertation (Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Blinder A 2015 A Cheeseburger, a Suburban Traffic Stop and a Ticket for Eating While Driving New York Times A10

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering
AbbreviationIOP Conf. Ser. Mater. Sci. Eng.
ISSN (print)1757-8981
ISSN (online)1757-899X

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