How to format your references using the IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Frenking G 2000 Another noble gas conquered Nature 406 836–7
A journal article with 2 authors
Hathaway D H and Rightmire L 2010 Variations in the Sun’s meridional flow over a solar cycle Science 327 1350–2
A journal article with 3 authors
He Y, Michaels S D and Amasino R M 2003 Regulation of flowering time by histone acetylation in Arabidopsis Science 302 1751–4
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Colantuoni C, Lipska B K, Ye T, Hyde T M, Tao R, Leek J T, Colantuoni E A, Elkahloun A G, Herman M M, Weinberger D R and Kleinman J E 2011 Temporal dynamics and genetic control of transcription in the human prefrontal cortex Nature 478 519–23

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gilhus N E, Barnes M P and Brainin M 2010 European Handbook of Neurological Management (Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell)
An edited book
Liu D, Zhang H, Polycarpou M, Alippi C and He H 2011 Advances in Neural Networks – ISNN 2011: 8th International Symposium on Neural Networks, ISNN 2011, Guilin, China, May 29–June 1, 2011, Proceedings, Part I vol 6675 (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer)
A chapter in an edited book
Bhattacharyya S and Maulik U 2013 Binary Object Extraction by Bidirectional Self-Organizing Neural Network Architecture Soft Computing for Image and Multimedia Data Processing ed U Maulik (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer) pp 109–58

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering.

Blog post
Carpineti A 2017 An AI Was Trained To Create New Colors. It Was Wonderfully Terrible IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1971 Automatic Data Processing Policies, Procedures, and Practices at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL), Pasadena, California (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gonzales M 2017 Examining institutional career preparation: Student perceptions of their workplace readiness and the role of the university in student career development Doctoral dissertation (Malibu, CA: Pepperdine University)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Maslin J 2017 Prosecuting For-Profit Law Schools New York Times C6

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering
AbbreviationIOP Conf. Ser. Mater. Sci. Eng.
ISSN (print)1757-8981
ISSN (online)1757-899X

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