How to format your references using the IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Huron D 2008 Science & music: lost in music Nature 453 456–7
A journal article with 2 authors
Haran B and Poliakoff M 2011 SPORE series winner. The periodic table of videos Science 332 1046–7
A journal article with 3 authors
Marsh A G, Maxson R E Jr and Manahan D T 2001 High macromolecular synthesis with low metabolic cost in Antarctic sea urchin embryos Science 291 1950–2
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Chen I-W P, Huang C-Y, Jhou S-H S and Zhang Y-W 2014 Exfoliation and performance properties of non-oxidized graphene in water Sci. Rep. 4 3928

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Peters M, Glasser D, Hildebrandt D and Kauchali S 2011 Membrane Process Design Using Residue Curve Maps (Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.)
An edited book
Hager P 2006 Recovering Informal Learning: Wisdom, Judgement and Community vol 7, ed J Halliday (Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands)
A chapter in an edited book
Vidas T, Owusu E, Wang S, Zeng C, Cranor L F and Christin N 2013 QRishing: The Susceptibility of Smartphone Users to QR Code Phishing Attacks Financial Cryptography and Data Security: FC 2013 Workshops, USEC and WAHC 2013, Okinawa, Japan, April 1, 2013, Revised Selected Papers Lecture Notes in Computer Science ed A A Adams, M Brenner and M Smith (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer) pp 52–69

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science.

Blog post
Davis J 2016 Deep-Sea Hydrothermal Vents Play A Vital Role In Maintaining Global Climate IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1997 Federal Research: Observations on the Small Business Technology Transfer Program (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ogawa N 2012 A Man Walks into the World Doctoral dissertation (Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Johnson G 2010 Den of Antiquities New York Times BR8

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science
AbbreviationIOP Conf. Ser. Earth Environ. Sci.
ISSN (print)1755-1307
ISSN (online)1755-1315

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