How to format your references using the IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cummins P R 2007 The potential for giant tsunamigenic earthquakes in the northern Bay of Bengal Nature 449 75–8
A journal article with 2 authors
De Francesco R and Migliaccio G 2005 Challenges and successes in developing new therapies for hepatitis C Nature 436 953–60
A journal article with 3 authors
Moore S W, Biais N and Sheetz M P 2009 Traction on immobilized netrin-1 is sufficient to reorient axons Science 325 166
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Ho C J H, Balasundaram G, Driessen W, McLaren R, Wong C L, Dinish U S, Attia A B E, Ntziachristos V and Olivo M 2014 Multifunctional photosensitizer-based contrast agents for photoacoustic imaging Sci. Rep. 4 5342

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dauphiné A 2012 Fractal Geography (Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc)
An edited book
Bösze Z 2008 Bioactive Components of Milk vol 606 (New York, NY: Springer)
A chapter in an edited book
Rehm G and Uszkoreit H 2012 Sprogteknologisk Støtte Til Dansk The Danish Language in the Digital Age White Paper Series ed G Rehm and H Uszkoreit (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer) pp 14–31

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science.

Blog post
Luntz S 2016 Deep Sea Species Mystery Partially Explained IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1980 A Structure for Managing ADP Resources (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Little J L 2014 The effects of a financial literacy intervention on teachers’ financial literacy, awareness, and advocacy Doctoral dissertation (Phoenix, AZ: University of Phoenix)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Qiu L 2017 On What He Really Said, and Whom He Is Blaming for It New York Times A13

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science
AbbreviationIOP Conf. Ser. Earth Environ. Sci.
ISSN (print)1755-1307
ISSN (online)1755-1315

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