How to format your references using the IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gonzalez C 2001 Undergraduate research, graduate mentoring, and the university’s mission Science 293 1624–6
A journal article with 2 authors
LaDeau S L and Clark J S 2001 Rising CO2 levels and the fecundity of forest trees Science 292 95–8
A journal article with 3 authors
Hu H, Martina M and Jonas P 2010 Dendritic mechanisms underlying rapid synaptic activation of fast-spiking hippocampal interneurons Science 327 52–8
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Munteanu A, Cotterell J, Solé R V and Sharpe J 2014 Design principles of stripe-forming motifs: the role of positive feedback Sci. Rep. 4 5003

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Franssen J-M and Vila Real P 2016 Fire Design of Steel Structures (Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA)
An edited book
Miri S J, Lake R and Kress T M 2014 Reclaiming the Sane Society: Essays on Erich Fromm’s Thought (Rotterdam: SensePublishers)
A chapter in an edited book
Aloia J and Shieh A 2013 Intestinal Calcium Absorption Efficiency in Women and the Influence of Menopause Nutrition and Diet in Menopause ed C J Hollins Martin, R R Watson and V R Preedy (Totowa, NJ: Humana Press) pp 67–78

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science.

Blog post
Taub B 2015 Forget The Red Truck – Dubai’s Firemen Will Soon Be Riding Jetpacks IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 2009 Federal Student Loans: Audits and Reviews of the Federal Family Education Loan and Federal Direct Loan Programs (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Moore K C 2014 Coping strategies for adolescents whose parents have cancer: A curriculum Doctoral dissertation (Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L 2010 My Florida Recount Memory: Talking Justice New York Times WK10

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science
AbbreviationIOP Conf. Ser. Earth Environ. Sci.
ISSN (print)1755-1307
ISSN (online)1755-1315

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